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convert ^string to string or to LPCWSTR


How can we convert string^ to String or to LPCWSTR ?
Nov 17 '05 #1
3 3224
Maileen wrote:
How can we convert string^ to String or to LPCWSTR ?

Unmanaged to Managed:
char* su;
String^ sm = gcnew String(su);

wchar_t* su;
String^ sm = gcnew String(su);

std::string su;
String^ sm = gcnew String(su.c_str());

std::wstring su;
String^ sm = gcnew String(su.c_str());

Managed to Unmanaged:
Wide string version:
String^ sm = "Hello";
pin_ptr<wchar_t> pu = PtrToStringChars(sm);
// PtrToStringChars is an inline function in vcclr.h, and it returns
// a raw pointer to the internal representation of the String.
// After pinning "p", it can be passed to unmanaged code:
wchar_t* su = pu;
// when "pu" goes out of scope, "su" becomes invalid!

Ansi (8-bit) version:
ScopedHGlobal s_handle(Marshal::StringToHGlobalAnsi(sm));
char* su = s_handle.c_str();
// when "s_handle" goes out of scope, "su" becomes invalid!
Where ScopedHGlobal is a helper class written by myself:
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;
public ref class ScopedHGlobal
ScopedHGlobal(IntPtr p) : ptr(p) { }
~ScopedHGlobal() { Marshal::FreeHGlobal(ptr); }
char* c_str() { return reinterpret_cast<char*>(ptr.ToPointer()); }
System::IntPtr ptr;

Nov 17 '05 #2
You cannot convert String^ to String. It makes no sense.

To access the constant unicode string inside String^:

String^ x = gcnew String ("Hi.");
pin_ptr<const wchar_t> pStr = PtrToStringChars (x);
const wchar_t *s = pStr;
} // unpin

Nov 17 '05 #3
You cannot use stack semantics with String. So you can't have something like

String s;

It always has to be :-

String^ s;

Stack semantics is also not available for array and delegate.

Nish [VC++ MVP]
"Maileen" <no*****@nospam.com> wrote in message

How can we convert string^ to String or to LPCWSTR ?

Nov 17 '05 #4

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