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Problem with eval and continue

Hi everyone,
I'm having some weird problem with evaluating the continue statement.
Within a for loop I'm trying to evaluate a string (generated somewhere
earlier) which basically has the continue statement in it. IE6 seems to
have major problems with that as it generates an error "Can't have
'continue' outside of loop". Does anyone know why and/or have a
workaround? I haven't tried any other browser since this one is the
only one available (company policy).
I have included some code to reproduce this behaviour. The first and
second if statements of the testeval function behave as expected. The
third one however produces the mentionned error.

Thanks in advance for any help.

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<title>Test Page</title>
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html;
charset=ISO-8859-1" />
<style>
div {border:1px solid red;margin-top:2px;}
</style>
<script language="JavaS cript" type="text/javascript">
function testeval() {
for (var x=0; x< 6; x++) {
document.getEle mentById("div" + x).innerHTML = "&nbsp;";
if (x == 2) continue;
if (x == 4) eval("alert('ne xt line will produce an error')");
if (x == 4) eval("continue" );
document.getEle mentById("div" + x).innerText = x;
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<button onclick="testev al()">Click here</button>
<div id="div0">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div1">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div2">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div3">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div4">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div5">&nbsp ;</div>
<div id="div6">&nbsp ;</div>
</body>
</html>

Aug 23 '05 #1
6 2123
Lee
Roebie said:

Hi everyone,
I'm having some weird problem with evaluating the continue statement.
Within a for loop I'm trying to evaluate a string (generated somewhere
earlier) which basically has the continue statement in it. IE6 seems to
have major problems with that as it generates an error "Can't have
'continue' outside of loop".

Thanks in advance for any help. for (var x=0; x< 6; x++) {
...
if (x == 4) eval("alert('ne xt line will produce an error')");
if (x == 4) eval("continue" );


The argument to eval() is compiled and executed in an entirely
separate context, where it has no idea what loop should continue.

If you find yourself using eval(), you have usually overlooked
a simpler and more efficient solution.

Aug 23 '05 #2


Roebie wrote:

I'm having some weird problem with evaluating the continue statement.
Within a for loop I'm trying to evaluate a string (generated somewhere
earlier) which basically has the continue statement in it. IE6 seems to
have major problems with that as it generates an error "Can't have
'continue' outside of loop". Does anyone know why and/or have a
workaround? if (x == 4) eval("continue" );


eval treats its string argument as a JavaScript program so it is parsed
and executed following the normal rules and a program with a single
continue
statement gives you an error, whether you have that as an argument of
eval or simply in a script block.
So your use or understanding of eval is weird, not the result you get.

--

Martin Honnen
http://JavaScript.FAQTs.com/
Aug 23 '05 #3
Thanks Lee for your answer. You confirm what I thought was the problem
here. Indeed using eval often replaces far more better solutions, but
not in the framework I'm using it in. The code I added was only to let
others reproduce the behaviour. The real code is far more complicated.
Now that you have confirmed the way eval works, I will use a different
approach, which will still have to involve eval, and which will be a
little more complicated.

Aug 23 '05 #4
Thanks Martin for your anwser. Neither my use nor my understanding
proves to be weird. I expected both your and Lee's answer, which just
confirm my understanding of eval. I was just hoping there was I way of
getting this use of eval working, but obviously there isn't.

Aug 23 '05 #5
Lee wrote:
Roebie said:

Hi everyone,
I'm having some weird problem with evaluating the continue statement.
Within a for loop I'm trying to evaluate a string (generated somewhere
earlier) which basically has the continue statement in it. IE6 seems to
have major problems with that as it generates an error "Can't have
'continue' outside of loop".

Thanks in advance for any help.

for (var x=0; x< 6; x++) {
...
if (x == 4) eval("alert('ne xt line will produce an error')");
if (x == 4) eval("continue" );


The argument to eval() is compiled and executed in an entirely
separate context, where it has no idea what loop should continue.

If you find yourself using eval(), you have usually overlooked
a simpler and more efficient solution.


Unless of course you are using JSON in which case eval() is the best
thing since sliced bread ;)

As for the OP, this won't help in this context, as the response above
is correct: eval doesn't know from the enclosing loop. However, it is
possible to eval more than one statement at a time (instead of on two
lines as above), by using ; to seperate the statements within the
string argument to eval

HTH

Aug 23 '05 #6
Roebie wrote:
Now that you have confirmed the way eval works, I will use a different
approach, which will still have to involve eval, and which will be a
little more complicated.


What situations do you think will still have to involve eval?

You may have a real need. But most likely, if you post your code, someone
will show you how to accomplish the same task without eval at all.

--
Matt Kruse
http://www.JavascriptToolbox.com
http://www.AjaxToolbox.com
Aug 23 '05 #7

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