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Generator inside a class prevent __del__ ??

Hi,

I run across this problem, and couldn't find any solution (python 2.2.2)
:

Code :
===========
from __future__ import generators
class titi: def __init__(self):
print "init"
def __del__(self):
print "del"
def Gen(self):
yield 1
c = titi() init c = [] del
==============
Here, everything is normal...
But creating a generator :

Code :
===========
class toto: def __init__(self):
print "init"
self.Coroutine = self.Gen()
def __del__(self):
print "del"
def Gen(self):
yield 1
a = toto() init c = []

<--- Nothing there !!!
==============

I can't understand why the destructor is not called when a generator is
created, and what I should do to have a "correct" behavior.
(perhaps I missed something obvious, but I can't find it )
Thank you for any help,

Emmanuel


Jul 18 '05
13 2048
On Thu, Apr 22, 2004 at 01:26:18AM +0200, Emmanuel wrote:


Andrew Bennetts a écrit :
On Wed, Apr 21, 2004 at 02:53:33PM +0200, Emmanuel wrote:

Trouble is, I _would_ like not to care about the lifetime of the object, and I
don't know where it will be destroyed.
Then don't use __del__. Python can and will automatically collect cycles
when the objects *don't* define __del__ methods.

Out of curiousity, why are you defining __del__ anyway?

-Andrew.


I don't want to use __del__, but I suspected I had an issue with the destruction of
my objects, and used a log in __del__ to monitor the destruction.


Except that __del__ affects how they are destructed :)

Weakrefs are probably a better choice for this, as they don't interfere with
the lifecycle of the object you're interested in, unlike __del__.
But defining __del__ has also a lot of valuable utilisation, or so I think...


It's only very very rarely useful, in my experience. Again, weakrefs are
probably more useful for what you have in mind.

-Andrew.
Jul 18 '05 #11


Andrew Bennetts a écrit :
On Thu, Apr 22, 2004 at 01:26:18AM +0200, Emmanuel wrote:


Andrew Bennetts a écrit :
On Wed, Apr 21, 2004 at 02:53:33PM +0200, Emmanuel wrote:
>
> Trouble is, I _would_ like not to care about the lifetime of the object, and I
> don't know where it will be destroyed.

Then don't use __del__. Python can and will automatically collect cycles
when the objects *don't* define __del__ methods.

Out of curiousity, why are you defining __del__ anyway?

-Andrew.


I don't want to use __del__, but I suspected I had an issue with the destruction of
my objects, and used a log in __del__ to monitor the destruction.


Except that __del__ affects how they are destructed :)

Weakrefs are probably a better choice for this, as they don't interfere with
the lifecycle of the object you're interested in, unlike __del__.
But defining __del__ has also a lot of valuable utilisation, or so I think...


It's only very very rarely useful, in my experience. Again, weakrefs are
probably more useful for what you have in mind.

-Andrew.


Ok, I think I don't understand anything anymore...

I thought __del__ was the destructor of the object, like the object::~object in C++ ( my
experience in programming is mainly from C++ ), and so __del__ shouldn't affect when they
are destructed.
And I thought weakref is a way to control the lifetime, ie when the ref count is
decremented, and when to call __del__.

From what you ( and others ) are saying, I'm proven wrong...

Do you know where I can find more information, beside python doc ?

Thanks,

Emmanuel
Jul 18 '05 #12


Terry Reedy a écrit :
"Emmanuel" <ea*****@free.f r> wrote in message
news:40******** *******@free.fr ...


Terry Reedy a écrit :
> >>> class toto:
> def __init__(self):
> print "init"
> self.Coroutine = self.Gen()

This creates a reference loop. Delete this (and correct typo below) and 'problem' will disappear.

To amplify: the usual idiom for an instance-associated generator is to name
the generator function (method) __iter__ (with one param, self) and to
create and get a reference to the generator via iter() or let the for loop
mechanism do so for you.

c = C(*args)
cgen =iter(c)

Then there is no reference loop. And you can pass around the cgen object
just like any other. If you only need the instance after initialization to
get the generator and you only need one generator for the instance, then
combine the two lines into

cgen = iter(C(*args))

and the *only* reference to the instance is the one in the generator, which
will disappear at the end of a for loop or with an explicit 'del cgen'.


But I obviously need other references to my object in my code, my object isn't
modified by the generator only.
I want to resume my generator from time to time during the execution of my app,
and to modify the members of the objects somewhere else ( interaction between
my objects ).
Doing this result in my nicer programmation style than without generators.



There is also the question whether you actually *need* to get rid of the
object while the program is still running instead of just letting the
program finish and clean up.


I have a _lot_ of objects created whenever they want, and I don't know where
they will finish their job.
Additionnaly, I'm not developping only on PC, but also on platforms where there
is not so much memory avalaible.

By the way, it seems I still have a lot to understand on this subject.
Do you know any link, example, or whatever, that I could have a look at ?

Thank you very much for your answers,

Emmanuel
Jul 18 '05 #13
On Thu, Apr 22, 2004 at 11:12:27AM +0200, Emmanuel wrote:

Ok, I think I don't understand anything anymore...

I thought __del__ was the destructor of the object, like the object::~object in C++ ( my
experience in programming is mainly from C++ ), and so __del__ shouldn't affect when they
are destructed.
__del__ unfortunately *does* impact the lifetime of the object, at least in
CPython:
http://docs.python.org/lib/module-gc.html#l2h-403
http://docs.python.org/ref/customization.html#l2h-175

It's main use used to be to break reference cycles, because before Python
2.0 (or perhaps 1.6?), it couldn't automatically collect reference cycles
because it used a purely ref-count based approach. Now that cycles are
automatically collected, there's not much point in defining __del__ (and it
can actually have unexpected results).
And I thought weakref is a way to control the lifetime, ie when the ref count is
decremented, and when to call __del__.


No -- weakref doesn't affect the lifetime, that's it's point. It's a way to
have a reference to an object that doesn't keep the object alive if nothing
else is. As the documentation at
http://docs.python.org/lib/module-weakref.html says:

A weak reference to an object is not enough to keep the object alive:
when the only remaining references to a referent are weak references,
garbage collection is free to destroy the referent and reuse its memory
for something else.
From what you ( and others ) are saying, I'm proven wrong...


Do you know where I can find more information, beside python doc ?


Try googling for tutorials and things, there's probably stuff out there.
The Python docs are pretty good, though... the weakref module has pretty
comprehensive documentation, and the description of __del__ in the language
reference has big note that mentions that garbage-collection of cycles
doesn't work when __del__ methods are involved.

I've also found books such as Python in a Nutshell and the Python Essential
Reference to be quite good at pointing this sort of thing out, when I've
looked. I usually rely on the official Python docs, though.

-Andrew.
Jul 18 '05 #14

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