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Manage image without exhausted memory

*************** *************** *************** *****
Manage image without exhausted memory
*************** *************** *************** *****

I have a big problem. I must create a script that upload an image an
then resize it, if width or height are more than 250px.
Now, after upload an image (in this example I suppose that it's a JPEG

1) I create an image identifier representing the image obtained from
the given filename. In this case the given filename is the image
uploaded (I remember that an user can upload a very big image, but I
control that it isn't more than 1 MB).

$this->src_image = imagecreatefrom jpeg($this->imageName);

2) I call a method that resized the image

$this->resizeImage( );

this is the code of the method:

*************** ************
$this->dest_image = imagecreatetrue color($thumb_w, $thumb_h);
imagecopyresize d($this->dest_image, $this->src_image, 0, 0, 0, 0,
$thumb_w, $thumb_h, $old_x, $old_y);
*************** ***********

In this code show above I create an image identifier representing the
new image that I want resized, and then copy and resize image from
image uploaded.

3) I create the image file resized

imagejpeg($this->dest_image, $this->resizedImageNa me);

But, if I upload a image file, and its size is more than 512KB, the
script crash an this is the error message:

*************** *************** ***************
Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 19922944 bytes exhausted (tried to
allocate 1000 bytes) in
/web/htdocs/www.bestbostont errier.it/home/sNews/ImageResizeClas s.php on
line 57.
*************** *************** ***************

So, I read some comment in php.net about imagecreatefrom jpeg()
function, where the script crash. A user say this:

*************** *************** *************

In addition to yaroukh at gmail dot com comment.

It seems that even a small image can eat up your default memory limit
real quick. Config value 'memory_limit' is marked PHP_INI_ALL, so you
can change it dynamically using ini_set. Therefore, we can "allocate
memory dynamically", to prevent those memory limit exceeded errors.


$imageInfo = getimagesize('P ATH/TO/YOUR/IMAGE');
$memoryNeeded = round(($imageIn fo[0] * $imageInfo[1] *
$imageInfo['bits'] * $imageInfo['channels'] / 8 + Pow(2, 16)) * 1.65);

if (function_exist s('memory_get_u sage') && memory_get_usag e() +
$memoryNeeded > (integer) ini_get('memory _limit') * pow(1024, 2)) {

ini_set('memory _limit', (integer) ini_get('memory _limit') +
ceil(((memory_g et_usage() + $memoryNeeded) - (integer)
ini_get('memory _limit') * pow(1024, 2)) / pow(1024, 2)) . 'M');



*************** *************** *************** **
So, before resize an image, I ensure that there is enough memory
available to executes the script.
Not often, but in some case (image size > 512KB), the crash the
Anyone can help me?

Jan 3 '06 #1
0 1922

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