473,732 Members | 2,210 Online
Bytes | Software Development & Data Engineering Community
+ Post

Home Posts Topics Members FAQ

ORA-12514 listener does not currently know of service requested

37 New Member
Hi,

First off, I am aware that this is a very heavily documented error and I have done my homework for throughly researching probable causes before deciding to post my problem here. At this point, I believe another set of eyes on the issue is merited.

I am a MSSQL DBA and somewhat new to ORACLE; but I have read the administrators manual having a basic thorough level of knowledge (Tho' I am still learning) and understanding of how to configure the database and get it successfully running. I believe I also have a fairly sound understanding of how connections are established to include (but not limited to) the use of the tnsnames.ora and listener.ora file.

My problem is I keep receiving ORA-12514 TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor
whenever I attempt to establish connection to a specific instance of ORACLE on my system.

I have no problem connecting by using the following conventions:

C:\>sqlplus administrator/admin
or
C:\>sqlplus /nolog
and then
C:\>connect administrator/admin

But I have 2 database instances of ORACLE running on this system and from my understanding, the proper way to connect to a
specific instance would be:

sqlplus administrator/admin@ORCL
or
sqlplus administrator/admin@PROD

But attempting to connect in this manner always throws the error. Could someone plz explain what it is I am doing wrong
since I have at this point fully exhausted looking through forums without a reasonable resolution.

So far these are the things I have done in the process of troubleshooting but none of them suggest theres a problem with my configuration -
Note: There is no firewall configuration on this system

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
TNSPING ORCL1
TNS Ping Utility for 32-bit Windows: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 11-MAR-2007 22:08:01

Copyright (c) 1997, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:
D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\s qlnet .ora


Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT =

1521))) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVICE_NAME = OracleServiceOR CL)))
OK (60 msec)

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
LSNRCTL> STATUS
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=IPC)(KEY=EXTP ROC1) ))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias LISTENER
Version TNSLSNR for 32-bit Windows: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date 11-MAR-2007 15:12:37
Uptime 0 days 6 hr. 57 min. 33 sec
Trace Level off
Security ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP OFF
Listener Parameter File D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\l isten er.ora
Listener Log File D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\log\lis tener .log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
(DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=ipc)(PIPENAME =\\.\ pipe\EXTPROC1ip c)))
(DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=tcp)(HOST=wor kstat ion.development .com)(PORT=1521 )))
Services Summary...
Service "ORCLXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ORCL_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PLSExtProc " has 1 instance(s).
Instance "PLSExtProc ", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PRODXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PROD_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "prod" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
D:\>SC QUERY OracleServiceOR CL

SERVICE_NAME: OracleServiceOR CL
TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCE SS
STATE : 4 RUNNING
(STOPPABLE,PAUS ABLE,ACCEPTS_SH UTDOWN)
WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
SERVICE_EXIT_CO DE : 0 (0x0)
CHECKPOINT : 0x0
WAIT_HINT : 0x0

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
D:\>SC QUERY OracleServicePR OD

SERVICE_NAME: OracleServicePR OD
TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCE SS
STATE : 4 RUNNING
(STOPPABLE,PAUS ABLE,ACCEPTS_SH UTDOWN)
WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
SERVICE_EXIT_CO DE : 0 (0x0)
CHECKPOINT : 0x0
WAIT_HINT : 0x0

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
TNSNAMES.ora:
EXTPROC_CONNECT ION_DATA =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SID = PLSExtProc)
(PRESENTATION = RO)
)
)
ORCL =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = OracleServiceOR CL)
)
)
PROD =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = OracleServicePR OD)
)
)

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
# listener.ora Network Configuration File: D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\l isten er.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTEN ER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)
(ORACLE_HOME = D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1)
(PROGRAM = extproc)
)
)

LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION_LI ST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
)


As far as I can tell, everything appears to be properly configured according to ORACLE documentation
and the services described in my tnsnames.ora file are being detected dynamically by the listener. I have tried
statically assigning them in the listener.ora file though I realize it isn't recommended but the results are the same
anyway.

Is there any other way to tell oracle that you want to connect to a specific database instance?
If more information is required I'll be happy to provide it.

THANKS!
Mar 12 '07 #1
5 38832
vijaydiwakar
579 Contributor
Hi,

First off, I am aware that this is a very heavily documented error and I have done my homework for throughly researching probable causes before deciding to post my problem here. At this point, I believe another set of eyes on the issue is merited.

I am a MSSQL DBA and somewhat new to ORACLE; but I have read the administrators manual having a basic thorough level of knowledge (Tho' I am still learning) and understanding of how to configure the database and get it successfully running. I believe I also have a fairly sound understanding of how connections are established to include (but not limited to) the use of the tnsnames.ora and listener.ora file.

My problem is I keep receiving ORA-12514 TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor
whenever I attempt to establish connection to a specific instance of ORACLE on my system.

I have no problem connecting by using the following conventions:

C:\>sqlplus administrator/admin
or
C:\>sqlplus /nolog
and then
C:\>connect administrator/admin

But I have 2 database instances of ORACLE running on this system and from my understanding, the proper way to connect to a
specific instance would be:

sqlplus administrator/admin@ORCL
or
sqlplus administrator/admin@PROD

But attempting to connect in this manner always throws the error. Could someone plz explain what it is I am doing wrong
since I have at this point fully exhausted looking through forums without a reasonable resolution.

So far these are the things I have done in the process of troubleshooting but none of them suggest theres a problem with my configuration -
Note: There is no firewall configuration on this system

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
TNSPING ORCL1
TNS Ping Utility for 32-bit Windows: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 11-MAR-2007 22:08:01

Copyright (c) 1997, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:
D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\s qlnet .ora


Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS_LIST = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT =

1521))) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVICE_NAME = OracleServiceOR CL)))
OK (60 msec)

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
LSNRCTL> STATUS
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=IPC)(KEY=EXTP ROC1) ))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias LISTENER
Version TNSLSNR for 32-bit Windows: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date 11-MAR-2007 15:12:37
Uptime 0 days 6 hr. 57 min. 33 sec
Trace Level off
Security ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP OFF
Listener Parameter File D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\l isten er.ora
Listener Log File D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\log\lis tener .log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
(DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=ipc)(PIPENAME =\\.\ pipe\EXTPROC1ip c)))
(DESCRIPTION=(A DDRESS=(PROTOCO L=tcp)(HOST=wor kstat ion.development .com)(PORT=1521 )))
Services Summary...
Service "ORCLXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ORCL_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PLSExtProc " has 1 instance(s).
Instance "PLSExtProc ", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PRODXDB" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "PROD_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "orcl" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "orcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "prod" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "prod", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
D:\>SC QUERY OracleServiceOR CL

SERVICE_NAME: OracleServiceOR CL
TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCE SS
STATE : 4 RUNNING
(STOPPABLE,PAUS ABLE,ACCEPTS_SH UTDOWN)
WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
SERVICE_EXIT_CO DE : 0 (0x0)
CHECKPOINT : 0x0
WAIT_HINT : 0x0

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
D:\>SC QUERY OracleServicePR OD

SERVICE_NAME: OracleServicePR OD
TYPE : 10 WIN32_OWN_PROCE SS
STATE : 4 RUNNING
(STOPPABLE,PAUS ABLE,ACCEPTS_SH UTDOWN)
WIN32_EXIT_CODE : 0 (0x0)
SERVICE_EXIT_CO DE : 0 (0x0)
CHECKPOINT : 0x0
WAIT_HINT : 0x0

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
TNSNAMES.ora:
EXTPROC_CONNECT ION_DATA =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SID = PLSExtProc)
(PRESENTATION = RO)
)
)
ORCL =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = OracleServiceOR CL)
)
)
PROD =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = OracleServicePR OD)
)
)

=============== =============== =============== ===== =======
# listener.ora Network Configuration File: D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1\ network\admin\l isten er.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTEN ER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)
(ORACLE_HOME = D:\oracle\produ ct\10.2.0\db_1)
(PROGRAM = extproc)
)
)

LISTENER =
(DESCRIPTION_LI ST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = workstation.dev elopment.com)(P ORT = 1521))
)
)


As far as I can tell, everything appears to be properly configured according to ORACLE documentation
and the services described in my tnsnames.ora file are being detected dynamically by the listener. I have tried
statically assigning them in the listener.ora file though I realize it isn't recommended but the results are the same
anyway.

Is there any other way to tell oracle that you want to connect to a specific database instance?
If more information is required I'll be happy to provide it.

THANKS!
first of all check thy services are running or not...
if running then try to use in run ->sqlplusw username/pwd@servicename
then just tell me the error
Mar 12 '07 #2
mivey4
37 New Member
first of all check thy services are running or not...
if running then try to use in run ->sqlplusw username/pwd@servicename
then just tell me the error
I double-checked the services and ensured that they were running as the previous information confirmed via all the detailed steps and information I'd provided.

Nonetheless, I then I ran your suggested command it threw the same error, "ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor"

The only difference I can see between running sqlplusw and sqlplus is one is a windows GUI and the other a command-line interface. I don't understand what was supposed to be accomplished by doing this?

Thanks.
Mar 12 '07 #3
mivey4
37 New Member
I double-checked the services and ensured that they were running as the previous information confirmed via all the detailed steps and information I'd provided.

Nonetheless, I then I ran your suggested command it threw the same error, "ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor"

The only difference I can see between running sqlplusw and sqlplus is one is a windows GUI and the other a command-line interface. I don't understand what was supposed to be accomplished by doing this?

Thanks.
Hey!

It looks as though I may have identified why I may be having this problem or at least what may be a contributing factor.

It seems as though I am missing the OracleDBConsole Service on my system which ORACLE documentation clearly says should be present. Is there any documentation anyone may no of that can tell me how I can create the service manually from a command prompt.

I found this article but it isn't very descriptive for the procedure and I have more than one SID on this system so simply running emca returns a help screen for parameters that for most of them I don't know what should be entered for appropriate values. The article makes the process seem more simple than what it apparently is using this method.

http://www.mcse.ms/message572094.html

Any help PLZ?
Mar 12 '07 #4
mivey4
37 New Member
Nevermind I found my own answer for this and the problem is now resolved.

Problem 1 Resolution: (Failure to resolve TNS listener error)

The serviceName I set in the tnsnames.ora file needed to be changed despite numerous examples on-line that seemed to suggest that explicitly giving the name of the instance's service name would be acceptable, it apparently didn't work in this case.

I was almost certain I'd tried this previously without success but for whatever reason, it works now.

So this:

ORCL =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = orl-mivey-ws1.ops.ivbasp. com)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = OracleServiceOR CL)
)
)

was changed to this:

ORCL =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = orl-mivey-ws1.ops.ivbasp. com)(PORT = 1521))
)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVICE_NAME = ORCL)
)
)

Following this same naming convention for every database instance on my system so the instance name was also assigned as the SERVICE_NAME resolved the problem. For anyone else experiencing problems with the same error code, aside from extensive documentations elsewhere, you could review the steps I'd initially posted on your system as a troubleshooting reference.

Problem 2 Resolution: (No OracleDBConsole <INSTANCENAME > installed on the system)

After further research, apparently this service is only required if you intend to use the web-based Enterprise Manager program. But I always like to have everything that is supposed to be included in a typical setup to be present or I don't get that warm fuzzy feeling and tend to look at missing components like this for being probable culprits when other things don't work as expected.

So if anyone else ever needs to manually install or re-install this service, from a command prompt you can change to the directory that emca is located on your installation which for 10g is <systemDrive:>\ oracle\product\ 10.2.0\db_1\BIN
and execute the following command:

emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

I found more information available at http://www.stanford.edu/dept/itss/do...e.htm#CACBFHBB

Search the document for EMCA.

Thanks.
Mar 12 '07 #5
josuemonteiroviana
1 New Member
Hello everybody,

I had a similar trouble when I was setting up a new oracle server, the same oracle error message but the solution was another.
In my case, the problem was around SQLNET.ORA, that changed from this:
SQLNET.AUTHENTI CATION_SERVICES = (NONE)

To this:
SQLNET.AUTHENTI CATION_SERVICES = (NTS)
NAMES.DIRECTORY _PATH= (TNSNAMES, EZCONNECT)

After that everything goes fine.

Thanks
Josué Monteiro Viana
Jul 16 '07 #6

Sign in to post your reply or Sign up for a free account.

Similar topics

0
8686
by: KULJEET | last post by:
i face problem in oracle backup. i take oracle logical backup after 3-4 days. but now the database is run 24*7 days so i set the oracle on archive mode at last night i take the hot backup by alter tablespace user begin backup; hot ocopy E:\ORACLE\ORADATA\SAFEDB\USERS01.DBF d:\ora_data;
1
5156
by: Adam Ruth | last post by:
I'm using OCI on Mac OS X and I've run into a strange problem with my TNSNAMES.ORA file. My TNSNAMES.ORA file has one entry INV4II and it works fine. However, it will only work if that is the name of the entry. If I use any other name for that entry I get the dreaded ORA-12154. For example: TNSNAMES.ORA -> INV4II Application -> INV4II :: works fine TNSNAMES.ORA -> INV4DEV Application -> INV4DEV :: ORA-12154 TNSNAMES.ORA -> INV4DEV...
6
4694
by: bdj | last post by:
Hello! I have at set of tnsnames.ora. I wich to make an union, e.g. a single file of it. How can I do that easy? Greetings Bjørn
0
2747
by: AKG | last post by:
Hi, This is Ali Kazim, Web Application Developer based in Pakistan. I'm developing a web application using ASP.net having Oracle 9i as database of choice. I have a developed a stored procedure in Oracle to add a record in the database table. Here is my schema: SQL> desc tbl_inventory_cats Name Null? Type ----------------------------------------- -------- ------------
2
14620
by: mpatel6 | last post by:
I had this error in alert log and my instance was down, anybody can help me? Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/admin/sotstest/bdump/sotstest_p004_626740.trc: ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump Wed Sep 20 12:31:12 2006 Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/admin/sotstest/bdump/sotstest_pmon_643152.trc: ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: , , , , , , , ORA-27302: failure occurred at: skgslfr Wed Sep 20 12:31:22 2006 Errors...
2
6323
by: hemantmudaliar | last post by:
The Trigger is giving following exception java.sql.SQLException: ORA-04091: table PSCONTENT.VGNASCHANNEL is mutating, trigger/function may not see it ORA-06512: at "PSCONTENT.CHECK_CHANNEL_UNPUBLISH", line 4 ORA-06512: at "PSCONTENT.CHECK_CHANNEL_UNPUBLISH_TR", line 1 ORA-04088: error during execution of trigger ................................ // Trigger CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER check_channel_unpublish_tr before delete ON...
3
5653
nabh4u
by: nabh4u | last post by:
HI everyone, I an getting the following errors when i execute my procedure. SQL> exec PROCEDURE_NAME BEGIN PROCEDURE_NAME; END; * ERROR at line 1: ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error: character string buffer too small ORA-06512: at "PROCEDURE_NAME", line 164
0
2795
by: nkumarin001 | last post by:
Hi, I got stuck up when i was doing recovery. Please help me. I took backup of all the datafiles,redogfiles and controlfiles. I opened the database and created table called student. After that I inserted values to it and purposely made log switch. So that when alter database recover command is given it should prompt the archive log file. insert into student values(101); alter system switch logfile; insert into student...
0
8412
by: nkumarin001 | last post by:
Hi, I got stuck up when i was doing recovery. Please help me. I opened the database in noarchivelog mode and inserted 5 records and made logswitch purposely but I dint gave any DML statements so that SYSTEM datafile gets affected. After that I shutdown the database and before starting the database I corrupted the datafile for which I inseted the records but I dint corrupt SYSTEM file. After that when I tried to start the database I...
0
3718
by: basmgokul | last post by:
I am using oracle 10g in windows vista.. when starting DB it throws an error Errors in file c:\database\udump\practice_ora_440.trc: ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option Thu Mar 27 09:17:53 2008 Error 704 happened during db open, shutting down database
0
8774
by: Hystou | last post by:
Most computers default to English, but sometimes we require a different language, especially when relocating. Forgot to request a specific language before your computer shipped? No problem! You can effortlessly switch the default language on Windows 10 without reinstalling. I'll walk you through it. First, let's disable language synchronization. With a Microsoft account, language settings sync across devices. To prevent any complications,...
0
9447
Oralloy
by: Oralloy | last post by:
Hello folks, I am unable to find appropriate documentation on the type promotion of bit-fields when using the generalised comparison operator "<=>". The problem is that using the GNU compilers, it seems that the internal comparison operator "<=>" tries to promote arguments from unsigned to signed. This is as boiled down as I can make it. Here is my compilation command: g++-12 -std=c++20 -Wnarrowing bit_field.cpp Here is the code in...
1
6735
isladogs
by: isladogs | last post by:
The next Access Europe User Group meeting will be on Wednesday 1 May 2024 starting at 18:00 UK time (6PM UTC+1) and finishing by 19:30 (7.30PM). In this session, we are pleased to welcome a new presenter, Adolph Dupré who will be discussing some powerful techniques for using class modules. He will explain when you may want to use classes instead of User Defined Types (UDT). For example, to manage the data in unbound forms. Adolph will...
0
6031
by: conductexam | last post by:
I have .net C# application in which I am extracting data from word file and save it in database particularly. To store word all data as it is I am converting the whole word file firstly in HTML and then checking html paragraph one by one. At the time of converting from word file to html my equations which are in the word document file was convert into image. Globals.ThisAddIn.Application.ActiveDocument.Select();...
0
4550
by: TSSRALBI | last post by:
Hello I'm a network technician in training and I need your help. I am currently learning how to create and manage the different types of VPNs and I have a question about LAN-to-LAN VPNs. The last exercise I practiced was to create a LAN-to-LAN VPN between two Pfsense firewalls, by using IPSEC protocols. I succeeded, with both firewalls in the same network. But I'm wondering if it's possible to do the same thing, with 2 Pfsense firewalls...
0
4809
by: adsilva | last post by:
A Windows Forms form does not have the event Unload, like VB6. What one acts like?
1
3261
by: 6302768590 | last post by:
Hai team i want code for transfer the data from one system to another through IP address by using C# our system has to for every 5mins then we have to update the data what the data is updated we have to send another system
2
2721
muto222
by: muto222 | last post by:
How can i add a mobile payment intergratation into php mysql website.
3
2180
bsmnconsultancy
by: bsmnconsultancy | last post by:
In today's digital era, a well-designed website is crucial for businesses looking to succeed. Whether you're a small business owner or a large corporation in Toronto, having a strong online presence can significantly impact your brand's success. BSMN Consultancy, a leader in Website Development in Toronto offers valuable insights into creating effective websites that not only look great but also perform exceptionally well. In this comprehensive...

By using Bytes.com and it's services, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

To disable or enable advertisements and analytics tracking please visit the manage ads & tracking page.