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Reversing digits of an integer using recursion

17 New Member
I am writing in C. I want to reverse the input integer using recursion so if the input is 456, the output should be 654. it only needs to work with positive numbers.
I've already written this function but the only output i get for any input is '0'. I know that its the same 0 from sum=0; because when i change 'sum' to any other number at the beginning, that number is outputted. its almost as if the 'if' clause is being skipped completely.
Here is the code:

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. int reverse(int num)
  2. {
  3.      int sum,z;
  4.      sum=0;
  5.      if(num>0)
  6.        {
  7.        z=num%10;
  8.        sum=(sum*10)+z;
  9.        reverse(num/10);
  10.        }
  11.      else
  12.        return (sum);
  13. }
Aug 23 '08 #1
15 19084
leejwen
50 New Member
<Code Removed Please Read how to respond to a question>
Aug 23 '08 #2
Banfa
9,065 Recognized Expert Moderator Expert
ab12, you have a recursive function yet you never use the return value of that recursion.

The true block of you if statement never returns a value.

The only value actually returned by your function is 0 in the false block of the if statement.
Aug 23 '08 #3
ab12
17 New Member
ab12, you have a recursive function yet you never use the return value of that recursion.

The true block of you if statement never returns a value.

The only value actually returned by your function is 0 in the false block of the if statement.
That was kind of the point because eventually i want the function to return whatever the value of sum is...so since thats not working what could i do to fix this problem?
Aug 23 '08 #4
ab12
17 New Member
Remove line #11.

kind regards,

Jos
i did that but now if i enter something like 456, my output is only 6
Aug 23 '08 #5
JosAH
11,448 Recognized Expert MVP
i did that but now if i enter something like 456, my output is only 6
I accidentally removed my message while I wanted to edit it; sorry for that.
Your algorithm isn't correct. Check it by hand, e.g. for a number 456 you
want to reverse 56 and append 4 or you want to reverse 45 and prepend 6.
Of course reversing the number 56 or 45 is the recursive step.

kind regards,

Jos
Aug 23 '08 #6
ab12
17 New Member
I accidentally removed my message while I wanted to edit it; sorry for that.
Your algorithm isn't correct. Check it by hand, e.g. for a number 456 you
want to reverse 56 and append 4 or you want to reverse 45 and prepend 6.
Of course reversing the number 56 or 45 is the recursive step.

kind regards,

Jos
ok i figured it out. i instead used a while statement. Thanks.
Aug 23 '08 #7
Banfa
9,065 Recognized Expert Moderator Expert
I have to say it sounds like you are trying to code the algorithm without actually knowing what it is. That is trying code randomly rather than knowing the algorithm that performs the operation and then writing code the implements the algorithm.

Can you write down the algorithm you are trying to solve?

Also a common gotcha with this algorithm is its ability to handle 0 digits. When you get to testing you should definitely test with a value like 1304.
Aug 23 '08 #8
Banfa
9,065 Recognized Expert Moderator Expert
Oops didn't see your last message, glad it's working but I still suggest testing with a 0 digit in the value.
Aug 23 '08 #9
ab12
17 New Member
Oops didn't see your last message, glad it's working but I still suggest testing with a 0 digit in the value.
its still works with 0 as a digit, but i was wondering, is this function still recursive if i use a while(n>0) statement? at the end of the while statement i put num=num/10;
Aug 24 '08 #10

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