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ifstream on gcc 3.2 problem, simple question

Greetings All,

I think everybodyknows the answer already. But i
am quite a newbie in c++.

I've got the following line in my code:

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios::in);

But, the gcc (GCC) 3.2 spits out some stuff about
deprecated headers:

user@machine:~/prog/src> gcc -Wall extract_data.cp p
In file included from
/usr/include/g++/backward/fstream.h:31,
from extract_data.cp p:3:
/usr/include/g++/backward/backward_warnin g.h:32:2:
warning: #warning This file includes at least one
deprecated or antiquated header. Please consider
using one of the 32 headers found in section
17.4.1.2 of the C++ standard. Examples include
substituting the <X> header for the <X.h> header
for C++ includes, or <sstream> instead of the
deprecated header <strstream.h> . To disable this
warning use -Wno-deprecated.
extract_data.cp p: In function `int main()':
extract_data.cp p:9: `ios' undeclared (first use
this function)
extract_data.cp p:9: (Each undeclared identifier is
reported only once for each
function it appears in.)
extract_data.cp p:9: parse error before `::' token
extract_data.cp p:11: warning: the address of
`std::ifstream ini_file_in(... )',
will always be `true'

Which include file do i need to allow the ifstream
on this gcc 3.2?

br
Anton.

Jul 22 '05 #1
7 3234
Anton Ishmurzin wrote:
ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios::in);


#include <fstream>

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat");

The above should work.

If you must specify the mode, my documentation says:

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios_base::in);

but it's redundant.

Jul 22 '05 #2
On Tue, 25 Nov 2003 16:19:59 +0100, Anton Ishmurzin <na***@izh.co m>
wrote:
Greetings All,

I think everybodyknows the answer already. But i
am quite a newbie in c++.

I've got the following line in my code:

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios::in);

But, the gcc (GCC) 3.2 spits out some stuff about
deprecated headers:
Which include file do i need to allow the ifstream
on this gcc 3.2?


You need <fstream> (no .h). But you also need use use namespace std,
the namespace containing the standard libraries. e.g.

#include <fstream>

std::ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", std::ios::in);

Tom

C++ FAQ: http://www.parashift.com/c++-faq-lite/
C FAQ: http://www.eskimo.com/~scs/C-faq/top.html
Jul 22 '05 #3
Anton Ishmurzin <na***@izh.co m> wrote in message news:<3F******* *******@izh.com >...
Greetings All,

I think everybodyknows the answer already. But i
am quite a newbie in c++.
Anton...read the warning carefully...it' s really quite clear. Use
#include <fstream> to get rid of the warning.
warning: This file includes at least one
deprecated or antiquated header. Please consider
using one of the 32 headers found in section
17.4.1.2 of the C++ standard. Examples include
substituting the <X> header for the <X.h> header
for C++ includes, or <sstream> instead of the
deprecated header <strstream.h> .

Jul 22 '05 #4

"Grumble" <in*****@kma.eu .org> wrote in message
news:bp******** **@news-rocq.inria.fr.. .
Anton Ishmurzin wrote:
ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios::in);
#include <fstream>

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat");

The above should work.


No it shouldn't.

Make it

std::ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat");

If you must specify the mode, my documentation says:

ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.dat", ios_base::in);
std::ifstream ini_file_in("fi lename.data", std::ios_bas::i n);

but it's redundant.


Correct.

-Mike
Jul 22 '05 #5
Yes, this solves the problem with the obsolete header. But what's wrong
with this code:

ishmurzi@myhost :/home/ishmurzi/newcode> cat extract_data.cp p
#include <iostream> //
#include <fstream> //
using namespace std;

int main() {

ifstream ini_file_in("in i_file", ios::in);

if (! ini_file_in)
{
cerr << "cannot open the ini file" << endl;
exit(1);
}
else
{
cout << "ini-file opened successfully." << endl;
};

cout << "extracting data" << endl;

return 0;
}

if i compile it with icc then it's comiles even with no warnings and remarks.

but if i ask gcc to do the same, it complains about undefined references:

ishmurzi@myhost :/home/ishmurzi/newcode> gcc -Wall extract_data.cp p
/tmp/cczlKupx.o: In function `main':
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x26): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ifs tream<char, std::char_trait s<char>
::basic_ifstre am[in-charge](char const*, std::_Ios_Openm ode)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x3d): undefined reference to `std::basic_ios <char,
std::char_trait s<char> >::operator!( ) const'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x4c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&)'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x59): undefined reference to `std::cerr'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x5e): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::operator<<
<std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char, std::char_trait s<char>&, char const*)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x67): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char>::operator<<(s td::basic_ostre am<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& (*)(std::basic_ ostream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&))'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x7c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&)'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x89): undefined reference to `std::cout'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x8e): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::operator<<
<std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char, std::char_trait s<char>&, char const*)'


and so on, but only concerning std:something.

What's going on? Shouldnt i use the "-l" switch? I mean something like

$ gcc -Wall -lsome_lib extract_data.cp p

?

thanks a lot in advance,
Anton.


Jul 22 '05 #6
Anton Ishmurzin wrote:
Yes, this solves the problem with the obsolete header. But what's
wrong with this code:

ishmurzi@myhost :/home/ishmurzi/newcode> cat extract_data.cp p
#include <iostream> //
#include <fstream> //
using namespace std;

int main() {

ifstream ini_file_in("in i_file", ios::in);

if (! ini_file_in)
{
cerr << "cannot open the ini file" << endl;
exit(1);
}
else
{
cout << "ini-file opened successfully." << endl;
};

cout << "extracting data" << endl;

return 0;
}

if i compile it with icc then it's comiles even with no warnings and
remarks.

but if i ask gcc to do the same, it complains about undefined
references:

ishmurzi@myhost :/home/ishmurzi/newcode> gcc -Wall extract_data.cp p
/tmp/cczlKupx.o: In function `main':
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x26): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ifs tream<char, std::char_trait s<char>
>::basic_ifstre am[in-charge](char const*, std::_Ios_Openm ode)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x3d): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ios <char, std::char_trait s<char> >::operator!( ) const'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x4c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >&)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x59): undefined
reference to `std::cerr' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x5e): undefined
reference to `std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&
std::operator<< <std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_trait s<char>
>&, char const*)'

/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x67): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char>
>::operator<<(s td::basic_ostre am<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&

(*)(std::basic_ ostream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&))'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x7c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_trait s<char> >&)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x89): undefined
reference to `std::cout' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x8e): undefined
reference to `std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&
std::operator<< <std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_trait s<char>
>&, char const*)'


and so on, but only concerning std:something.

What's going on?


This is getting compiler specific, but anway. You're using gcc instead
of g++ for your C++ code. When used for linking, that means that the
things needed for C++ (like e.g. the C++ standard library) are not
linked in.
Shouldnt i use the "-l" switch?


No, just use g++ for C++, and gcc for C.

Jul 22 '05 #7


Rolf Magnus wrote:
Anton Ishmurzin wrote:

Yes, this solves the problem with the obsolete header. But what's
wrong with this code:

ishmurzi@myho st:/home/ishmurzi/newcode> cat extract_data.cp p
#include <iostream> //
#include <fstream> //
using namespace std;

int main() {

ifstream ini_file_in("in i_file", ios::in);

if (! ini_file_in)
{
cerr << "cannot open the ini file" << endl;
exit(1);
}
else
{
cout << "ini-file opened successfully." << endl;
};

cout << "extracting data" << endl;

return 0;
}

if i compile it with icc then it's comiles even with no warnings and
remarks.

but if i ask gcc to do the same, it complains about undefined
references:

ishmurzi@myho st:/home/ishmurzi/newcode> gcc -Wall extract_data.cp p
/tmp/cczlKupx.o: In function `main':
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x26): undefined reference to
`std::basic_i fstream<char, std::char_trait s<char>
>::basic_ifstre am[in-charge](char const*, std::_Ios_Openm ode)'

/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x3d): undefined reference to
`std::basic_i os<char, std::char_trait s<char> >::operator!( ) const'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x4c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_o stream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_tra its<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_tra its<char> >&)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x59): undefined
reference to `std::cerr' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x5e): undefined
reference to `std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&
std::operator << <std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_tra its<char>
>&, char const*)'

/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x67): undefined reference to
`std::basic_o stream<char, std::char_trait s<char>
>::operator<<(s td::basic_ostre am<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&

(*)(std::basi c_ostream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&))'
/tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x7c): undefined reference to
`std::basic_o stream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >& std::endl<char,
std::char_tra its<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_tra its<char> >&)' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x89): undefined
reference to `std::cout' /tmp/cczlKupx.o(.tex t+0x8e): undefined
reference to `std::basic_ost ream<char, std::char_trait s<char> >&
std::operator << <std::char_trai ts<char> >(std::basic_os tream<char,
std::char_tra its<char>
>&, char const*)'


and so on, but only concerning std:something.

What's going on?

This is getting compiler specific, but anway. You're using gcc instead
of g++ for your C++ code. When used for linking, that means that the
things needed for C++ (like e.g. the C++ standard library) are not
linked in.

Shouldnt i use the "-l" switch?

No, just use g++ for C++, and gcc for C.


Thanks a lot, Rolf. Now it works perfect.
Thanks everybody participated!!!

Anton.

Jul 22 '05 #8

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