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Adding a list of descriptors to a class

I've been playing with descriptors lately. I'm having one problem I
can't seem to find the answer to. I want to assign a descriptor to a
list of attributes. I know I should be able to add these somewhere in
the class's __dict__, but I can't figure out where. Here's some code:

class MyDesc(object):
def __init__(self, name=None, initVal=None):
self.name = name
self.value = initVal

def __get__(self, obj, objtype):
// Do some stuff
self.value = "blah"
return self.value

class MyClass(object) :
attributes = ('attr1', 'attr2')
for attr in attributes:
exec ("%s=MyDesc('%s ')") % (attr, attr)

// More stuff in the class

Ok, that "exec" is an ugly hack. There's gotta be someway to plop
this straight into the class's __dict__ without doing that, but when I
try adding self.__class__. __dict__[attr] = MyDesc(attr) in MyClass's
__init__ method, I get the error: "TypeError: 'dictproxy' object does
not support item assignment"

Any ideas?

Thanks,
Bob

Aug 7 '07 #1
5 1949
On Tue, 07 Aug 2007 09:25:32 -0700, Bob B. wrote:
Ok, that "exec" is an ugly hack. There's gotta be someway to plop
this straight into the class's __dict__ without doing that, but when I
try adding self.__class__. __dict__[attr] = MyDesc(attr) in MyClass's
__init__ method, I get the error: "TypeError: 'dictproxy' object does
not support item assignment"
Does ``setattr(self. __class__, attr, MyDesc(attr))`` work?

Ciao,
Marc 'BlackJack' Rintsch
Aug 7 '07 #2
Bob B. wrote:
I've been playing with descriptors lately. I'm having one problem I
can't seem to find the answer to. I want to assign a descriptor to a
list of attributes. I know I should be able to add these somewhere in
the class's __dict__, but I can't figure out where. Here's some code:

class MyDesc(object):
def __init__(self, name=None, initVal=None):
self.name = name
self.value = initVal

def __get__(self, obj, objtype):
// Do some stuff
self.value = "blah"
return self.value

class MyClass(object) :
attributes = ('attr1', 'attr2')
for attr in attributes:
exec ("%s=MyDesc('%s ')") % (attr, attr)

// More stuff in the class

Ok, that "exec" is an ugly hack. There's gotta be someway to plop
this straight into the class's __dict__ without doing that, but when I
try adding self.__class__. __dict__[attr] = MyDesc(attr) in MyClass's
__init__ method, I get the error: "TypeError: 'dictproxy' object does
not support item assignment"
Probably the simplest thing is to just add the attributes after the
class body, e.g.::
>>class MyClass(object) :
... pass
...
>>for attr in ['attr1', 'attr2']:
... setattr(MyClass , attr, MyDesc(attr))
...
>>c = MyClass()
c.attr1
'blah'

Another option would be to use a metaclass to set the class attributes
at class creation time::
>>class Meta(type):
... def __init__(cls, name, bases, bodydict):
... for attr in cls._desc_attrs :
... setattr(cls, attr, MyDesc(attr))
...
>>class MyClass(object) :
... __metaclass__ = Meta
... _desc_attrs = ['attr1', 'attr2']
...
>>c = MyClass()
c.attr1
'blah'
HTH,

STeVe
Aug 7 '07 #3
Probably the simplest thing is to just add the attributes after the
class body, e.g.::
>>class MyClass(object) :
... pass
...
>>for attr in ['attr1', 'attr2']:
... setattr(MyClass , attr, MyDesc(attr))
...
>>c = MyClass()
>>c.attr1
'blah'
That worked. Thanks.
Aug 7 '07 #4
Marc 'BlackJack' Rintsch a écrit :
On Tue, 07 Aug 2007 09:25:32 -0700, Bob B. wrote:

>>Ok, that "exec" is an ugly hack. There's gotta be someway to plop
this straight into the class's __dict__ without doing that, but when I
try adding self.__class__. __dict__[attr] = MyDesc(attr) in MyClass's
__init__ method, I get the error: "TypeError: 'dictproxy' object does
not support item assignment"


Does ``setattr(self. __class__, attr, MyDesc(attr))`` work?
In the __init__() ?

Yes indeed, it works. But it means that:
1/ the attributes are not set on the class before it has been
instanciated at least once
2/ each time you instanciate the class, the attributes are rebound to
new MyDesc instances

class MyDesc(object):
def __init__(self, name=None, initVal=None):
self.name = name
self.value = initVal
print "new %s" % self.__class__. __name__

def __get__(self, obj, objtype):
# Do some stuff
#self.value = "blah"
if obj is None:
return self
return self.value

class Marc(object):
attributes = ('toto', 'tata')
def __init__(self):
cls = self.__class__
for attr in cls.attributes:
setattr(cls, attr, MyDesc(attr, attr))
>>Marc.toto
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
AttributeError: type object 'Marc' has no attribute 'toto'
>>m1 = Marc()
new MyDesc
new MyDesc
>>Marc.toto
<__main__.MyDes c object at 0x4033846c>
>>t = _
m2 = Marc()
new MyDesc
new MyDesc
>>Marc.toto is t
False
>>>
So while it "works" (kinda), I would not recommand this solution. Even
if you do test for the existence of the attribute before rebinding it,
you'll have to go thru the whole dance each time you instanciate the class.

My 2 cents...
Aug 7 '07 #5
Bob B. a écrit :
I've been playing with descriptors lately. I'm having one problem I
can't seem to find the answer to. I want to assign a descriptor to a
list of attributes. I know I should be able to add these somewhere in
the class's __dict__, but I can't figure out where. Here's some code:

class MyDesc(object):
def __init__(self, name=None, initVal=None):
self.name = name
self.value = initVal

def __get__(self, obj, objtype):
// Do some stuff
self.value = "blah"
return self.value

class MyClass(object) :
attributes = ('attr1', 'attr2')
for attr in attributes:
exec ("%s=MyDesc('%s ')") % (attr, attr)

// More stuff in the class

Ok, that "exec" is an ugly hack. There's gotta be someway to plop
this straight into the class's __dict__ without doing that, but when I
try adding self.__class__. __dict__[attr] = MyDesc(attr) in MyClass's
__init__ method, I get the error: "TypeError: 'dictproxy' object does
not support item assignment"

Any ideas?
Steven already show you the simplest solution. Now if you want something
"cleaner" (or at least more transparent to persons subclassing MyClass -
which may or may not be a concern), you can use metaclasses too:

class MyDesc(object):
def __init__(self, name=None, initVal=None):
self.name = name
self.value = initVal

def __get__(self, obj, objtype):
# Do some stuff
#self.value = "blah"
if obj is None:
return self
return self.value

class MyType(type):
def __init__(cls, name, bases, dic):
attributes = dic.get('attrib utes', None)
if attributes is not None:
for attrname, initval in attributes.iter items():
setattr(cls, attrname, MyDesc(attrname , initval))

class MyClass(object) :
__metaclass__ = MyType
attributes = dict(attr1="att r1", attr2="attr2")

class MySubclass(MyCl ass):
# let you override parent's attributes...
attributes = dict(attr1="oth erattr1", attr3="a new one")
HTH
Aug 7 '07 #6

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