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error C2228: left of '.grade' must have class/struct/union

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  1. #include <iostream>
  2. #include <string>
  3. #include <fstream>
  4. #include <iomanip>
  5. using namespace std;
  6. const int NO_OF_STUDENTS=20;
  7. struct studentType
  8. {
  9.     string studentFName;
  10.     string studentLName;
  11.     int testScore;
  12.     char grade;
  13. };
  14. void getData(studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  15. void calculateGrade(studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  16. void printResult(const studnetType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  17. int main()
  18. {
  19.     studentType sList[NO_OF_STUDENTS];
  20.     getData(sList, NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  21.     calculateGrade(sList, NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  22.     printResult(sList, NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  23.     return 0;
  24. }
  25.  
  26. void getData(const studentType sList[], int listSize)
  27. {
  28.     ifstream inData;
  29.     ofstream outData;
  30.     inData.open("C:\\student.txt");
  31.     for (int i=0;i<NO_OF_STUDENTS;i++)
  32.         inData>>sList[i].studentFName>>sList[i].studentLName>>sList[i].testScore;
  33.     outData.close();
  34. }
  35.  
  36. void calculateGrade(studentType sList[], int listSize)
  37. {
  38.     for (int i=0;i<NO_OF_STUDENTS;i++)
  39.     {
  40.         switch(sList[i].testScore/10)
  41.         {
  42.         case 0:
  43.         case 1:
  44.         case 2:
  45.         case 3:
  46.         case 4:
  47.         case 5:
  48.             sList[i].grade='F';
  49.             break;
  50.         case 6:
  51.             sList[i].grade='D';
  52.             break;
  53.         case 7:
  54.             sList[i].grade='C';
  55.             break;
  56.         case 8:
  57.             sList[i].grade='B';
  58.             break;
  59.         case 9:
  60.         case 10:
  61.             sList[i].grade='A';
  62.             break;
  63.         }//closes switch
  64.     }//closes for loop
  65. }//closes function
  66.  
  67. void printResult(const studnetType sList[], int listSize) (THIS IS WHERE I'M HAVING TROUBLE
  68. {
  69.     for (int d=0;d<NO_OF_STUDENTS;d++)
  70.     {
  71.         cout<<sList[d].studentFName<<sList[d].studentLName<<sList[d].testScore<<sList[d].grade<<endl;
  72.     }
  73. }
  74.  

1>------ Build started: Project: project5, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
1>Compiling...
1>project5.cpp
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(16) : error C4430: missing type specifier - int assumed. Note: C++ does not support default-int
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(16) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ',' before identifier 'sList'
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(22) : error C2660: 'printResult' : function does not take 2 arguments
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(32) : error C2679: binary '>>' : no operator found which takes a right-hand operand of type 'const std::string' (or there is no acceptable conversion)
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(1137): could be 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::operat or >><std::char_tr aits<char>>(std ::basic_istream <_Elem,_Trait s> &,signed char *)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(1139): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::operat or >><std::char_tr aits<char>>(std ::basic_istream <_Elem,_Trait s> &,signed char &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(1141): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::operat or >><std::char_tr aits<char>>(std ::basic_istream <_Elem,_Trait s> &,unsigned char *)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(1143): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::operat or >><std::char_tr aits<char>>(std ::basic_istream <_Elem,_Trait s> &,unsigned char &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\st ring(593): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::operat or >><char,std::ch ar_traits<char> ,std::allocator <_Ty>>(std::bas ic_istream<_Ele m,_Traits> &,std::basic_st ring<_Elem,_Tra its,_Ax> &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char> ,
1> _Ty=char,
1> _Ax=std::alloca tor<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(155): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(std::basic_i stream<_Elem,_T raits> &(__cdecl *)(std::basic_i stream<_Elem,_T raits> &))'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(161): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(std::basic_i os<_Elem,_Trait s> &(__cdecl *)(std::basic_i os<_Elem,_Trait s> &))'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(168): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(std::ios_bas e &(__cdecl *)(std::ios_bas e &))'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(175): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(std::_Bool &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(194): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(short &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(228): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(unsigned short &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(247): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(int &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(273): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(unsigned int &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(291): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(long &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(309): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(__w64 unsigned long &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(329): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(__int64 &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(348): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(unsigned __int64 &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(367): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(float &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(386): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(double &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(404): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(long double &)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(422): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(void *&)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 8\vc\include\is tream(441): or 'std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its> &std::basic_ist ream<_Elem,_Tra its>::operator >>(std::basic_s treambuf<_Elem, _Traits> *)'
1> with
1> [
1> _Elem=char,
1> _Traits=std::ch ar_traits<char>
1> ]
1> while trying to match the argument list '(std::ifstream , const std::string)'
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(67) : error C4430: missing type specifier - int assumed. Note: C++ does not support default-int
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(67) : error C2146: syntax error : missing ',' before identifier 'sList'
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(71) : error C2065: 'sList' : undeclared identifier
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(71) : error C2228: left of '.studentFName' must have class/struct/union
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(71) : error C2228: left of '.studentLName' must have class/struct/union
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(71) : error C2228: left of '.testScore' must have class/struct/union
1>c:\documents and settings\yese\m y documents\visua l studio 2005\projects\p roject5\project 5.cpp(71) : error C2228: left of '.grade' must have class/struct/union
1>Build log was saved at "file://c:\Documents and Settings\Yese\M y Documents\Visua l Studio 2005\Projects\p roject5\Debug\B uildLog.htm"
1>project5 - 11 error(s), 0 warning(s)



i'm supposed to display the list in the last function...can anyone please help?
Dec 7 '07 #1
2 14898
gpraghuram
1,275 Recognized Expert Top Contributor
HI,
Whenever you define a struuct you shuld use struct keyword while declaring variables of that type or else you shuld do a typedef.

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. //your have to change these
  2. void getData(struct studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  3. void calculateGrade(struct studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  4. void printResult(const struct studnetType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  5.  
  6. //or change the declaraion like
  7. typedef struct _studnetType
  8. {
  9. //
  10. }studnetType ;
  11. //then you can have the code as it is.
  12.  

Raghuram
Dec 7 '07 #2
yalbizu
2 New Member
HI,
Whenever you define a struuct you shuld use struct keyword while declaring variables of that type or else you shuld do a typedef.

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. //your have to change these
  2. void getData(struct studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  3. void calculateGrade(struct studentType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  4. void printResult(const struct studnetType sList[], int NO_OF_STUDENTS);
  5.  
  6. //or change the declaraion like
  7. typedef struct _studnetType
  8. {
  9. //
  10. }studnetType ;
  11. //then you can have the code as it is.
  12.  

Raghuram


no, it wasn't that at all...i realized i spelled student incorrectly in that function (studnet)...tha t solved all my errors. haha, i feel so dumb. thanks though!
Dec 7 '07 #3

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