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Urgent: Need info on C++ Linking

Hi,
We have lot of c and fortran archive libraries that have complex
dependencies. We have different server tasks that use some of these
libraries. We have developed a tool inhouse that links server tasks by
continuously iterating until it figures out the correct library order.
Recently we introduced some C++ legacy libraries. I am completely new
to C++ linking. Is there some tutorial that can explain the nuances of
C++ linking? We do links on DIGITAL UNIX, SUN Solaris, IBMS and HP
UNIX platforms. I compiled same cpp source files on all four platforms
but was suprised to see that the symbol information differs widely
across all four platforms. For C/FORTRAN code, it is pretty
straightforward to look at o/p from nm command and see what global
(data/function) symbols a given object file/library exports. But that
doesnt seem to be case with C++. The global symbols exported on IBMs
and HPUNIXes is drastically different from what I see on other
architectures. I have very little knowledge of C++. I would appreciate
if someone out there can point me to some documents that can help me
get started.
Thanks a lot,
Sunil
Jul 22 '05 #1
2 1705
On 21 Oct 2004 17:04:24 -0700, su************* ***@yahoo.com (sunil)
wrote in comp.lang.c++:
Hi,
We have lot of c and fortran archive libraries that have complex
dependencies. We have different server tasks that use some of these
libraries. We have developed a tool inhouse that links server tasks by
continuously iterating until it figures out the correct library order.
Recently we introduced some C++ legacy libraries. I am completely new
to C++ linking. Is there some tutorial that can explain the nuances of
C++ linking? We do links on DIGITAL UNIX, SUN Solaris, IBMS and HP
UNIX platforms. I compiled same cpp source files on all four platforms
but was suprised to see that the symbol information differs widely
across all four platforms. For C/FORTRAN code, it is pretty
straightforward to look at o/p from nm command and see what global
(data/function) symbols a given object file/library exports. But that
doesnt seem to be case with C++. The global symbols exported on IBMs
and HPUNIXes is drastically different from what I see on other
architectures. I have very little knowledge of C++. I would appreciate
if someone out there can point me to some documents that can help me
get started.
Thanks a lot,
Sunil


Sorry, wrong group. Linkers are not a language issue, and C++ never
heard of FORTRAN. I'm not sure where the best place to ask this
question would be, but it is off-topic here.

--
Jack Klein
Home: http://JK-Technology.Com
FAQs for
comp.lang.c http://www.eskimo.com/~scs/C-faq/top.html
comp.lang.c++ http://www.parashift.com/c++-faq-lite/
alt.comp.lang.l earn.c-c++
http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~a...FAQ-acllc.html
Jul 22 '05 #2
sunil schrieb:
Hi,
[...] I am completely new
to C++ linking. Is there some tutorial that can explain the nuances of
C++ linking? We do links on DIGITAL UNIX, SUN Solaris, IBMS and HP
UNIX platforms. I compiled same cpp source files on all four platforms
but was suprised to see that the symbol information differs widely
across all four platforms. For C/FORTRAN code, it is pretty
straightforward to look at o/p from nm command and see what global
(data/function) symbols a given object file/library exports. But that
doesnt seem to be case with C++. [...]


In C++, symbol names are "mangled" to include not only their plain
names, but also their type. How exactly this is done is
implementation-defined, that's why you see those differences between
toolsets for different platforms. Some versions of nm have an option to
demangle C++ symbol names to human readable form or your toolset might
include something like "c++filt" to pipe nm's output through. Apart
from that, linking C++ objects isn't really any different than linking C
objects. Either way, this is compiler/linker-specific and not a C++
language issue; if you have any further questions about this,
comp.unix.progr ammer seems to be a more adequate place to me.

Regards,
Malte
Jul 22 '05 #3

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