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Session Variables Persist Across Window Close on Mac IE 4.5 and Greater

I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all
browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the
session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable
based security scheme.

Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window
when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my
site and be logged into the previous user's account.

Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes?
Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme?

Any suggestions are appreciated.

Dave
Jul 19 '05 #1
9 3645
Looks more of an issue with the IE version you are using on your machine.
Check support.microso ft.com to see if such an issue is already recognized,
and remedy if any.

--
Manohar Kamath
Editor, .netBooks
www.dotnetbooks.com
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all
browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the
session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable
based security scheme.

Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window
when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my
site and be logged into the previous user's account.

Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes?
Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme?

Any suggestions are appreciated.

Dave

Jul 19 '05 #2
I've been unable to find anything regarding this on support.microso ft.com. I
can't find anything of substance on IE for the Mac.

"Manohar Kamath [MVP]" <mk*****@TAKETH ISOUTkamath.com > wrote in message
news:ew******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP12.phx.gbl...
Looks more of an issue with the IE version you are using on your machine.
Check support.microso ft.com to see if such an issue is already recognized,
and remedy if any.

--
Manohar Kamath
Editor, .netBooks
www.dotnetbooks.com
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the
session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable
based security scheme.

Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my site and be logged into the previous user's account.

Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes? Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme?
Any suggestions are appreciated.

Dave


Jul 19 '05 #3
If its an ASP site then use Global.asa to redirect to the login page if a
particluar session variable is not set -- once logged in then set it.
Of course this is all based on the understanding that session is not
persisted across windows on the same machine. Just tested it on W2K and the
session is not 'shared' across two windows.

Oh well - a warning should suffice to Mac users that multiple windows on the
same machine will have issues.

Chris.
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I'm not implementing session variables myself.

I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one
window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out
of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.

I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from skipping
the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.

Don't know what to do.

"Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window

will
*not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie that

is
used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window opens

(may
also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).

Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?

Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right. Please
accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous

sessions.

Chris.

"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable based security scheme.

Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my site and be logged into the previous user's account.

Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes? Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme?
Any suggestions are appreciated.

Dave



Jul 19 '05 #4
If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still logged on?

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I'm not implementing session variables myself.

I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one
window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out
of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.

I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from skipping
the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.

Don't know what to do.

"Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window

will
*not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie that

is
used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window opens

(may
also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).

Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?

Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right. Please
accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous

sessions.

Chris.

"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable based security scheme.

Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my site and be logged into the previous user's account.

Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes? Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme?
Any suggestions are appreciated.

Dave



Jul 19 '05 #5
If you close all IE windows and re-open you'll still be logged in. You have
to either quit IE, explicitly log out on the site or let the session expire
to log out.

I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window on
Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:u6******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still logged on?

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I'm not implementing session variables myself.

I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one
window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.

I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from skipping the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.

Don't know what to do.

"Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window

will
*not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie
that is
used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window
opens (may
also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).

Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?

Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right. Please
accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous

sessions.

Chris.

"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even
after all
> browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the > session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable > based security scheme.
>
> Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the

window
> when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back

to my
> site and be logged into the previous user's account.
>
> Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window

closes?
> Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security

scheme?
>
> Any suggestions are appreciated.
>
> Dave
>
>



Jul 19 '05 #6
How can you still have to "quit IE" if you have closed all of its windows?
I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window on
Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning. Some people would call this a feature rather than a bug (having new windows
share the same session).
I am not familiar with IE for Mac but you might check for any settings in IE
named like "browse in new process".

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com... If you close all IE windows and re-open you'll still be logged in. You have to either quit IE, explicitly log out on the site or let the session expire to log out.

I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window on
Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:u6******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still logged on?

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I'm not implementing session variables myself.

I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one
window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.

I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from skipping the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.

Don't know what to do.

"Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
> Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window will
> *not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie that is
> used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window opens (may
> also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).
>
> Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?
>
> Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right. Please > accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
> 'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous
sessions.
>
> Chris.
>
> "Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
> news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> > I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all
> > browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the
> > session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable
> > based security scheme.
> >
> > Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close
the window
> > when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go

back to my
> > site and be logged into the previous user's account.
> >
> > Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window
closes?
> > Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security
scheme?
> >
> > Any suggestions are appreciated.
> >
> > Dave
> >
> >
>
>



Jul 19 '05 #7
You haven't used a Mac, have you? :) It's considered very bad form, on the
Mac, to write an app that quits by closing a window. Since the menu bar
isn't tied to a window it's still there when you close a window. All windows
closed? Just go select file:new to open a new one.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:eV******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
How can you still have to "quit IE" if you have closed all of its windows?
I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window on
Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning. Some people would call this a feature rather than a bug (having new

windows share the same session).
I am not familiar with IE for Mac but you might check for any settings in IE named like "browse in new process".

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
If you close all IE windows and re-open you'll still be logged in. You

have
to either quit IE, explicitly log out on the site or let the session

expire
to log out.

I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window on Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:u6******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still logged on?
--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> I'm not implementing session variables myself.
>
> I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
> Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open
one > window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log
out
> of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.
>
> I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from

skipping
> the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.
>
> Don't know what to do.
>
> "Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
> news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
> > Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window > will
> > *not* get access to the previous session variables since the
cookie that
> is
> > used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window

opens
> (may
> > also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).
> >
> > Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?
> >
> > Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right.

Please > > accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
> > 'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous
> sessions.
> >
> > Chris.
> >
> > "Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
> > news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> > > I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even

after
> all
> > > browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the
> > > session variables. This presents a security risk for my session
variable
> > > based security scheme.
> > >
> > > Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the > window
> > > when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go

back
to
> my
> > > site and be logged into the previous user's account.
> > >
> > > Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a

window > closes?
> > > Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security > scheme?
> > >
> > > Any suggestions are appreciated.
> > >
> > > Dave
> > >
> > >
> >
> >
>
>



Jul 19 '05 #8
Avoided MACs like the plague (still POed at Apple since I couldn't afford an
Apple II when I wanted one).
We did finally test our App against one last release. NS was a waste of
space, IE worked (sort of).

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
You haven't used a Mac, have you? :) It's considered very bad form, on the
Mac, to write an app that quits by closing a window. Since the menu bar
isn't tied to a window it's still there when you close a window. All windows closed? Just go select file:new to open a new one.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:eV******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
How can you still have to "quit IE" if you have closed all of its windows?
I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single window
on Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning. Some people would call this a feature rather than a bug (having new

windows
share the same session).
I am not familiar with IE for Mac but you might check for any settings in IE
named like "browse in new process".

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
If you close all IE windows and re-open you'll still be logged in. You have
to either quit IE, explicitly log out on the site or let the session

expire
to log out.

I assume there's no way to make session vars private to a single
window on Mac IE. At this point, all I can think to do is put up a warning.

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message
news:u6******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP11.phx.gbl...
> If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still
logged on?
>
> --
> Mark Schupp
> --
> Head of Development
> Integrity eLearning
> Online Learning Solutions Provider
> ms*****@ielearn ing.com
> http://www.ielearning.com
> 714.637.9480 x17
>
>
> "Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
> news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> > I'm not implementing session variables myself.
> >
> > I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
> > Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one > > window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out
> > of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.
> >
> > I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from
skipping
> > the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.
> >
> > Don't know what to do.
> >
> > "Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
> > news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
> > > Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser

window
> > will
> > > *not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie that
> > is
> > > used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser
window opens
> > (may
> > > also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).
> > >
> > > Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?
> > >
> > > Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right.

Please
> > > accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
> > > 'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous > > sessions.
> > >
> > > Chris.
> > >
> > > "Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
> > > news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> > > > I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after
> > all
> > > > browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to

clear
> the
> > > > session variables. This presents a security risk for my session > variable
> > > > based security scheme.
> > > >
> > > > Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site,

close the
> > window
> > > > when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go

back
to
> > my
> > > > site and be logged into the previous user's account.
> > > >
> > > > Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a

window > > closes?
> > > > Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security > > scheme?
> > > >
> > > > Any suggestions are appreciated.
> > > >
> > > > Dave
> > > >
> > > >
> > >
> > >
> >
> >
>
>



Jul 19 '05 #9
Just to add my two cents. We are using IE 6.0 for Windows and we are
having the same problem. A user logs in to our Web application, which
stores information in the session variables. If they close the
browser without logging out of the application they can some times
open the browser again and it will skip the log in page because the
session information has been retained. One user even said that she
rebooted and it still happened, though I didn't see that.

The one time I did see it with my very own eyes, the user had another
IE Browser window open (to a different site). When I had her close
that other window, and try again, the Session information was deleted
and she was asked to log in again.

I'd love to hear if anyone else has run into this or has a solution.
Diane Y

"Mark Schupp" <ms*****@ielear ning.com> wrote in message news:<u6******* *******@TK2MSFT NGP11.phx.gbl>. ..
If they close all the IE windows and re-open IE are they still logged on?

--
Mark Schupp
--
Head of Development
Integrity eLearning
Online Learning Solutions Provider
ms*****@ielearn ing.com
http://www.ielearning.com
714.637.9480 x17
"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
I'm not implementing session variables myself.

I know you're right on the session vars being private to HTTP sessions on
Windows. But it just isn't the case with IE on the Mac. I can open one
window, login and then open a second which will also be logged in. Log out
of the first one, refresh second, it's logged out, too.

I'd call Session.Abandon on login, but it won't stop people from skipping
the login page and going straight to "protected" pages.

Don't know what to do.

"Chris Barber" <ch***@blue-canoe.co.uk.NOS PAM> wrote in message
news:O5******** ******@TK2MSFTN GP10.phx.gbl...
Session variables are private to a HTTP session - a new browser window will *not* get access to the previous session variables since the cookie that is used to maintain session state is cleared when the browser window opens (may also be cleared when the window closes - not sure).

Or perhaps you are implementing your own session state?

Then again - Mac IE is useless anyway so perhaps you are right. Please
accept my apologies if this is the case. You could always call
'Session.Abando n' on entering the login page to clear any previous sessions.
Chris.

"Pack Fan" <pa**@fan.com > wrote in message
news:vh******** ****@corp.super news.com...
> I've noticed that session variables will persist on Mac IE even after all > browser windows have been closed. One must quit the program to clear the > session variables. This presents a security risk for my session variable > based security scheme.
>
> Basically, the risk is that a user will login to my site, close the window > when done and allow someone else to come up to the machine, go back to my > site and be logged into the previous user's account.
>
> Anyone know how to make session variables disappear when a window closes? > Any other ideas? Am I going to have to redesign my whole security scheme? >
> Any suggestions are appreciated.
>
> Dave
>
>


Jul 19 '05 #10

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3442
by: BillE | last post by:
When a user opens a new IE browser window using File-New-Window the integrity of an application which relies on session state is COMPLETELY undermined. Anyone who overlooks the fact that File-New-Window creates an instance of IE in the same process with the same SessionID as the parent window is in big trouble. This fundamentally restricts the usefullness of using session state management. I probably missed it somewhere - can...
26
3610
by: BillE | last post by:
Some ASP.NET applications use Session Variables extensively to maintain state. These should be re-written to use viewstate, hidden fields, querystring, etc. instead. This is because if a user opens a new IE window with Ctrl-N or File-New-Window, BOTH WINDOWS SHARE THE SAME SESSION VARIABLES. This cannot be prevented.
0
8890
marktang
by: marktang | last post by:
ONU (Optical Network Unit) is one of the key components for providing high-speed Internet services. Its primary function is to act as an endpoint device located at the user's premises. However, people are often confused as to whether an ONU can Work As a Router. In this blog post, we’ll explore What is ONU, What Is Router, ONU & Router’s main usage, and What is the difference between ONU and Router. Let’s take a closer look ! Part I. Meaning of...
0
8752
by: Hystou | last post by:
Most computers default to English, but sometimes we require a different language, especially when relocating. Forgot to request a specific language before your computer shipped? No problem! You can effortlessly switch the default language on Windows 10 without reinstalling. I'll walk you through it. First, let's disable language synchronization. With a Microsoft account, language settings sync across devices. To prevent any complications,...
0
9402
Oralloy
by: Oralloy | last post by:
Hello folks, I am unable to find appropriate documentation on the type promotion of bit-fields when using the generalised comparison operator "<=>". The problem is that using the GNU compilers, it seems that the internal comparison operator "<=>" tries to promote arguments from unsigned to signed. This is as boiled down as I can make it. Here is my compilation command: g++-12 -std=c++20 -Wnarrowing bit_field.cpp Here is the code in...
0
9259
jinu1996
by: jinu1996 | last post by:
In today's digital age, having a compelling online presence is paramount for businesses aiming to thrive in a competitive landscape. At the heart of this digital strategy lies an intricately woven tapestry of website design and digital marketing. It's not merely about having a website; it's about crafting an immersive digital experience that captivates audiences and drives business growth. The Art of Business Website Design Your website is...
0
9120
tracyyun
by: tracyyun | last post by:
Dear forum friends, With the development of smart home technology, a variety of wireless communication protocols have appeared on the market, such as Zigbee, Z-Wave, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, etc. Each protocol has its own unique characteristics and advantages, but as a user who is planning to build a smart home system, I am a bit confused by the choice of these technologies. I'm particularly interested in Zigbee because I've heard it does some...
0
8101
agi2029
by: agi2029 | last post by:
Let's talk about the concept of autonomous AI software engineers and no-code agents. These AIs are designed to manage the entire lifecycle of a software development project—planning, coding, testing, and deployment—without human intervention. Imagine an AI that can take a project description, break it down, write the code, debug it, and then launch it, all on its own.... Now, this would greatly impact the work of software developers. The idea...
1
6702
isladogs
by: isladogs | last post by:
The next Access Europe User Group meeting will be on Wednesday 1 May 2024 starting at 18:00 UK time (6PM UTC+1) and finishing by 19:30 (7.30PM). In this session, we are pleased to welcome a new presenter, Adolph Dupré who will be discussing some powerful techniques for using class modules. He will explain when you may want to use classes instead of User Defined Types (UDT). For example, to manage the data in unbound forms. Adolph will...
0
4521
by: TSSRALBI | last post by:
Hello I'm a network technician in training and I need your help. I am currently learning how to create and manage the different types of VPNs and I have a question about LAN-to-LAN VPNs. The last exercise I practiced was to create a LAN-to-LAN VPN between two Pfsense firewalls, by using IPSEC protocols. I succeeded, with both firewalls in the same network. But I'm wondering if it's possible to do the same thing, with 2 Pfsense firewalls...
2
2639
muto222
by: muto222 | last post by:
How can i add a mobile payment intergratation into php mysql website.

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