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# Number of combinations of the arrangement of caps

Is there any fast algorithm for this?:
K people sit at a table. Each person holds a number (hi) which means: some of his neighbour has a cap of height (hi). I want to count the number of combinations for setting people up at the table according to their height of their cups.

Example:

in:
6
2 6 4 5 3 5
out:
2
(We have two combinations which are 1 2 6 4 5 3 and 6 2 1 4 5 3)
Explanation:
We know that first person points on the second person and last person points on the penultimate person. The neighbour of the second person on the left is two, so his neighbour with height 4 should be on the right. Next we know that left neighbour of fifth person is 4, so his neighbour with height 3 should be on the right. We have two combinations to place 1, 6 cups (1,6 and 6, 1):

Visualisation:
2 6 4 5 3 5
X 2 X X 5 X
X 2 X 4 5 3

Possibilities: 1 2 6 4 5 3 or 6 2 1 4 5 3

Any suggestions or help would be greatly appreciated.
Nov 18 '21 #1
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