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viewstate

I have a simple page and was trying to test viewstate for a textbox.

in my page_load event

If not ispostback then

textbox1.text=" hello"

end if
If I turn of enableviewstate , this initially loaded test will remain after
postback. What am I doing wrong ??

Cheers
Jan 29 '07 #1
5 3032
Howdy,

You can see value of the text not because of viewstate but because of
Request.Form[textboxUniqueID]. Textbox uses ViewState to serialize original
value that was set before page was rendered to the browser in order to raise
OnTextChanged event (event OnTextChanged is raised only when
Request.Form[txtID] !=
ViewState["OriginalTe xt"] - so if you disable viewstate for the textbox you
won't be notified about any text change beetween postbacks, see it for
yourself.
But do the same exercise for a label control - you'll find Text is not
persisted during postback (this is because label control renders as <span>
tag, which is not HTML input-type control)

regards
--
Milosz
"Just Me" wrote:
I have a simple page and was trying to test viewstate for a textbox.

in my page_load event

If not ispostback then

textbox1.text=" hello"

end if
If I turn of enableviewstate , this initially loaded test will remain after
postback. What am I doing wrong ??

Cheers
Jan 29 '07 #2
I noticed the same behavior as "Just Me" above. I'm pretty sure that
what "Just Me" is trying to do would have worked in older versions of
ASP.Net (before 2.0). I thought it had to do with "Control State"
which was introduced int .Net 2.0. Control State is the same thing as
view state, but you can't choose to turn it off.

Jan 29 '07 #3
Hi there,

Once again, persitance of the TextBox.Text property has nothing to do with
ViewState (Just Me's example will work for Label or any non-input web server
control). TextBox control implements IPostBackDataHa ndler inetrface, that is
responsible for retreiving the data from posted Form (HTTP POST). On every
post back request (form is submitted with all input values i.e. by pressing
submit button), Text property gets its value from the submitted Form:
(this code represents exactly what happens behind the scenes)

protected virtual bool LoadPostData(st ring postDataKey, NameValueCollec tion
postCollection)
{
base.ValidateEv ent(postDataKey );
string text1 = this.Text;
string text2 = postCollection[postDataKey];
if (!this.ReadOnly && !text1.Equals(t ext2, StringCompariso n.Ordinal))
{
this.Text = text2;
return true;
}
return false;
}

Everyone who has programmed in more *raw* enviroment like ASP knows what i'm
trying to explain. It's easier to understand on following example (copy and
paste it to a ASPX page):

<input type="text" id="testBox" name="testBox" value="<%=
Request.Form["testBox"] %>" />
<input type="submit" value="Do a Post Back"/>

as you can see there's no viewstate mechanizm it works exactly the same as
'Just me' presented. That's actually what happens behind the scene. But
remember it applies only to input type controls, for asp:Label Text is
actually restored from ViewState on every post back. So if you disable
ViewState this won't display "test" on postback:

<asp:Label runat=server id=label1/>

protected void Page_Load(objec t sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
label1.Text = "test";
}
}

Hope it is clear now :)

Regards
--
Milosz
"GroupReade r" wrote:
I noticed the same behavior as "Just Me" above. I'm pretty sure that
what "Just Me" is trying to do would have worked in older versions of
ASP.Net (before 2.0). I thought it had to do with "Control State"
which was introduced int .Net 2.0. Control State is the same thing as
view state, but you can't choose to turn it off.

Jan 29 '07 #4
Thanks, it acually is clear now. Now I understant *why* the textbox
behaves as it does. Thanks.

On another note: I'm *really* convinced that the behavior of the
textBox changed somwhere between ASP.Net 1.0 and ASP.Net 2.0 and that
you *used to* have to set viewstate==true to persist the value. Your
post explains why we no longer have to do this. I never knew why
before.

Another quirky behavior that I did not understand is also explained by
your post: If you set a textBox to ReadOnly, then the values are
*not* persisted between postbacks. I *know* this behavior changed
between 1.1 and 2.0.

Jan 30 '07 #5
Hi Reader,

I forgot to mention about readonly property. Value of any input with
enabled=false or readonly property set to false is not posted with form.
That's why text property disappears between postback when
enableviewstate =false (otherwise is restored from original value that's kept
in textbox's viewstate - the same value is used for - textchanged event). i
don't think they changed it. There's one more thing I didn't explain in my
last post - this it could be the case you're talking about. See code below:

<script runat="server">
protected void Page_Load(objec t sender, EventArgs e)
{
if (!IsPostBack)
{
txt1.Text = "test";
}
}
</script>

<asp:TextBox runat="server" ID="txt1" EnableViewState ="false"
ReadOnly="true"/>
<asp:TextBox runat="server" ID="txt2" Text="Test" Readonly="true"
EnableViewState ="false"/>
<asp:Button runat="server" ID="btn" Text="Do Postback"/>

Why second text box keeps its text between postbacks? This is because page
compiler sets txt2 to its default value "test" when creating control tree in
page's class constructor/initialisator for incoming request:

private global::System. Web.UI.WebContr ols.TextBox @__BuildControl txt2() {
global::System. Web.UI.WebContr ols.TextBox @__ctrl;

#line 22 "C:\Documen ts and Settings\Mily\M y Documents\Visua l
Studio 2005\WebSites\T estWebsite\Defa ult.aspx"
@__ctrl = new global::System. Web.UI.WebContr ols.TextBox();

#line default
#line hidden
this.txt2 = @__ctrl;
@__ctrl.ApplySt yleSheetSkin(th is);

#line 22 "C:\Documen ts and Settings\Mily\M y Documents\Visua l
Studio 2005\WebSites\T estWebsite\Defa ult.aspx"
@__ctrl.ID = "txt2";

#line default
#line hidden

#line 22 "C:\Documen ts and Settings\Mily\M y Documents\Visua l
Studio 2005\WebSites\T estWebsite\Defa ult.aspx"
@__ctrl.Text = "Test";

#line default
#line hidden

#line 22 "C:\Documen ts and Settings\Mily\M y Documents\Visua l
Studio 2005\WebSites\T estWebsite\Defa ult.aspx"
@__ctrl.ReadOnl y = true;

#line default
#line hidden

#line 22 "C:\Documen ts and Settings\Mily\M y Documents\Visua l
Studio 2005\WebSites\T estWebsite\Defa ult.aspx"
@__ctrl.EnableV iewState = false;

#line default
#line hidden
return @__ctrl;
}

This method is called regardless of the postback status, so the text
property is always set to a default value taken from aspx control
declaration. Of course if readonly == false Text is overriden by
Request.Form[UniqueID] . I hope everything is clear now :]

Regards

Milosz

"GroupReade r" wrote:
Thanks, it acually is clear now. Now I understant *why* the textbox
behaves as it does. Thanks.

On another note: I'm *really* convinced that the behavior of the
textBox changed somwhere between ASP.Net 1.0 and ASP.Net 2.0 and that
you *used to* have to set viewstate==true to persist the value. Your
post explains why we no longer have to do this. I never knew why
before.

Another quirky behavior that I did not understand is also explained by
your post: If you set a textBox to ReadOnly, then the values are
*not* persisted between postbacks. I *know* this behavior changed
between 1.1 and 2.0.

Jan 31 '07 #6

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