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Evaluate mathematical expressions with VB

 Expert 100+ P: 1,295 Many people asks if there is a way to write a mathematical expression, writen as a string in a text box, so they can do something like: Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers sub something_click()     textbox2.text=eval(textbox1.text) end sub Well, of course it's posible, and can be done with some characters mannaging. This way you can complicate it as much as you want. The way i usualy do it is in 5 simple steps: 1. Create 2 string arrays, and save numbers in one and operators in the other one: 2. Transform the first array into a doubles array (so you can work using Option Strict) 3. Evaluate powers (i dont evaluate roots, since you can use a^0.5 instead of sqrt, etc...) 4. Evaluate products and divisions. 5. Evaluate sum and difference. After this little function is done, i like to make another function to handle parenthesis, using some recursivity, this is very useful while working with roots, since you can write a^(1/5) instead of the 5th root. Lets call the first function 'Basics', and lets call the parenthesis handler 'Eval', and they could look like this: Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers Public Function Basics(ByVal Str1 As String) As Double         Dim i, j, k As Integer         Dim Boo1 As Boolean = False         Dim mStr1(1), mStr2(0), mStr3(0), mStr4(0) As String         Dim mDou1(), mDou2(), mDou3() As Double           If Str1 = "" Then Return 0 : Exit Function         '----------------------------------------------------------'         ' Save in mStr1 the numbers. Save in mStr2 the operators.  '         '----------------------------------------------------------'         j = 1         For i = 1 To Str1.Length             k = Asc(Mid(Str1, i, 1))             If (k >= Asc("0") And k <= Asc("9")) Or k = Asc(".") Or (k = Asc("-") And Boo1 = False) Then                 mStr1(j) = mStr1(j) & Chr(k): Boo1 = True             ElseIf k = 69 Then                 mStr1(j) = mStr1(j) & Chr(69) & Mid(Str1, i + 1, 1): i = i + 1             Else                 If Boo1 = True Then                     ReDim Preserve mStr2(j)                     mStr2(j) = Chr(k): j = j + 1                     ReDim Preserve mStr1(j)                 End If                 Boo1 = False             End If         Next         '--------------------------------------'         ' Save in mDou1 the numbers as doubles '         '--------------------------------------'         ReDim mDou1(UBound(mStr1))         For i = 1 To UBound(mStr1): mDou1(i) = CDbl(mStr1(i)): Next         '------------------------'         ' First priority: powers '         '------------------------'         j = 1: ReDim mDou2(1): mDou2(1) = mDou1(1)         For i = 1 To UBound(mStr2)             If mStr2(i) = "^" Then: mDou2(j) = mDou2(j) ^ mDou1(i + 1)             Else                 ReDim Preserve mStr3(j): mStr3(j) = mStr2(i)                 j = j + 1: ReDim Preserve mDou2(j)                 mDou2(j) = mDou1(i + 1)             End If         Next         If UBound(mStr3) = 0 Then Return mDou2(1) : Exit Function         '-----------------------------------------'         ' Second priority: products and quotients '         '-----------------------------------------'         j = 1: ReDim mDou3(1): mDou3(1) = mDou2(1)         For i = 1 To UBound(mStr3)             If mStr3(i) = "*" Then: mDou3(j) = mDou3(j) * mDou2(i + 1)             ElseIf mStr3(i) = "/" Then: mDou3(j) = mDou3(j) / mDou2(i + 1)             Else                 ReDim Preserve mStr4(j): mStr4(j) = mStr3(i)                 j = j + 1: ReDim Preserve mDou3(j)                 mDou3(j) = mDou2(i + 1)             End If         Next         If UBound(mStr4) = 0 Then Return mDou3(1) : Exit Function         '---------------------------------------'         ' Third priority: sums and differences. '         '---------------------------------------'         Basics = mDou3(1)         For i = 1 To UBound(mStr4)             If mStr4(i) = "+" Then: Basics = Basics + mDou3(i + 1)             ElseIf mStr4(i) = "-" Then: Basics = Basics - mDou3(i + 1): End If         Next End Function and for the parenthesis handler: Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers Public Function Eval(ByVal Str1 As String) As Double         Dim i, j, k(2), c As Integer         Dim Str2 As String         If Str1 = "" Then Return 0 : Exit Function         '------------------------------'         ' Find the outern parenthesis. '         '------------------------------'         j = 0         For i = 1 To Str1.Length             If Mid(Str1, i, 1) = "(" Then                 If j = 0 Then k(1) = i                 j = j + 1             ElseIf Mid(Str1, i, 1) = ")" Then                 If j = 1 Then: k(2) = i: Exit For: End If                 j = j - 1             End If         Next         '----------------------------------------------------------------------'         ' Using recursivity, it'll find the inner ones, and add '*' when needed'         '----------------------------------------------------------------------'         If j = 1 Then             If k(1) > 1 Then c = Asc(Mid(Str1, k(1) - 1, 1))             Str2 = ""             If (c >= Asc("0") And c <= Asc("9")) Or c = Asc(".") Then Str2 = "*"             If c = Asc("-") Then Str2 = "1*"             Str1 = Eval(Mid(Str1, 1, k(1) - 1) & Str2 & Eval(Mid(Str1, k(1) + 1, k(2) - k(1) - 1)).tostring & Mid(Str1, k(2) + 1).tostring).tostring         End If         Return basics(Str1) End Function It's a function made for VB 2005 Express edition, syntaxis may change in other versions of VB, so you may have to change some 'Returns' 'ToString' and '.Length', and the way you declare the arrays or handle the lines using ':'. You should also note that it will add a '*' when a parenthesis needs it before, but it won't when it needs it after. so 2(8) = 16 but (2)8 will be an error. It's quite a simple function, but im sure you can find it useful. Kad Jan 14 '08 #1 