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syntax question

P: 1
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  1. def sumTo(n):
  2.     sum = 0
  3.      for i in range(1, n+1):
  4.        sum = sum + i
  5. return sum
hi with the code above can someone please walk me through what is actually happening with n is equal to say 10 and the output is 55?

many thanks!
Apr 7 '13 #1
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Expert Mod 2.5K+
P: 2,851
To begin, you need to fix your indentation:
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  1. def sumTo(n):
  2.     sum = 0
  3.     for i in range(1, n+1):
  4.         sum = sum + i
  5.     return sum
The code iterates over the list created by calling range() (1, 2,....,10) and adds all the numbers to the initial value of "sum" which is 0. BTW, you should not use the name "sum" as an identifier, because the built-in function sum() will be masked. Another way to express your function would be:
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  1. reduce(lambda x, y: x+y, range(1, n+1), 0)
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  1. >>> import operator
  2. >>> reduce(operator.add, range(1, n+1))
  3. 55
  4. >>> 
Apr 7 '13 #2

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