By using this site, you agree to our updated Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. Manage your Cookies Settings.
464,728 Members | 1,103 Online
Bytes IT Community
+ Ask a Question
Need help? Post your question and get tips & solutions from a community of 464,728 IT Pros & Developers. It's quick & easy.

Calling external program from within python

P: n/a
Hi,

I am tryiong to do something obviously trivial such as:
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the "tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py" >>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.

How do I do that?

thanks i advance!
manolis
Jul 25 '08 #1
Share this Question
Share on Google+
11 Replies

P: n/a
On Jul 25, 7:56*am, Emmanouil Angelakis <angel...@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de>
wrote:
Hi,

I am tryiong to do something obviously trivial such as:
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the *"tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py" >>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.

How do I do that?

thanks i advance!
manolis
There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend checking
out the subprocess module and see if it does what you want. Or you
could learn a little Tkinter or wxPython and use that to get the
user's variable. Or you could even do it via the command line using
the "raw_input" command.

http://docs.python.org/lib/module-subprocess.html

Mike
Jul 25 '08 #2

P: n/a
Mike Driscoll schrieb:
On Jul 25, 7:56 am, Emmanouil Angelakis <angel...@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de>
wrote:
>Hi,

I am tryiong to do something obviously trivial such as:
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the "tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py" >>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.

How do I do that?

thanks i advance!
manolis

There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend checking
out the subprocess module and see if it does what you want.
This will only work if the program can be fully controlled by
commandline arguments. If interaction is required, the OP might consider
using pexpect.

Or you
could learn a little Tkinter or wxPython and use that to get the
user's variable. Or you could even do it via the command line using
the "raw_input" command.
I fail to see how *gathering* input (regardless of the method) solves
the problem of *passing* input to a subprocess.

Diez
Jul 25 '08 #3

P: n/a
On 2008-07-25, Diez B. Roggisch <de***@nospam.web.dewrote:
>There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend
checking out the subprocess module and see if it does what you
want.

This will only work if the program can be fully controlled by
commandline arguments.
Why do you say that? You can interact with programs via
stdin/stdout using the subprocess module.
If interaction is required, the OP might consider using
pexpect.
Pexpect is a good option, but it's just an automation layer on
top of the same facilities that subprocess provides.

--
Grant Edwards grante Yow! I'm having a BIG BANG
at THEORY!!
visi.com
Jul 25 '08 #4

P: n/a
Grant Edwards schrieb:
On 2008-07-25, Diez B. Roggisch <de***@nospam.web.dewrote:
>>There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend
checking out the subprocess module and see if it does what you
want.
This will only work if the program can be fully controlled by
commandline arguments.

Why do you say that? You can interact with programs via
stdin/stdout using the subprocess module.

Because usually if a program *prompts* the user to enter input (and that
was what I read from the OP's post), one has to deal with pseudo
terminals, not with stdin/out.
>If interaction is required, the OP might consider using
pexpect.

Pexpect is a good option, but it's just an automation layer on
top of the same facilities that subprocess provides.
AFAIK it's more than that. I'm not an expert on pseudo terminals, but
AFAIK setting using module pty isn't possible using subprocess.

Diez
Jul 25 '08 #5

P: n/a
oj
On Jul 25, 3:44*pm, "Diez B. Roggisch" <de...@nospam.web.dewrote:
Because usually if a program *prompts* the user to enter input (and that
was what I read from the OP's post), one has to deal with pseudo
terminals, not with stdin/out.
How does the program writing some text before taking input change how
it takes input?

If it runs in a terminal and takes input from the user via keyboard,
as in the user types a response and presses enter, it's most likely
using stdin, in which case subprocess would be perfect.

Perhaps that OP can clarify how the tcal program takes input?
Jul 25 '08 #6

P: n/a
oj schrieb:
On Jul 25, 3:44 pm, "Diez B. Roggisch" <de...@nospam.web.dewrote:
>Because usually if a program *prompts* the user to enter input (and that
was what I read from the OP's post), one has to deal with pseudo
terminals, not with stdin/out.

How does the program writing some text before taking input change how
it takes input?

If it runs in a terminal and takes input from the user via keyboard,
as in the user types a response and presses enter, it's most likely
using stdin, in which case subprocess would be perfect.
Try using SSH with subprocess and prepare to be disappointed when it
asks for a password.

See this for a discussion:

http://mail.python.org/pipermail/dis...ay/007553.html
Diez

Jul 25 '08 #7

P: n/a
On Jul 25, 9:28*am, "Diez B. Roggisch" <de...@nospam.web.dewrote:
Mike Driscoll schrieb:
On Jul 25, 7:56 am, Emmanouil Angelakis <angel...@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de>
wrote:
Hi,
I am tryiong to do something obviously trivial such as:
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the *"tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py" >>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.
How do I do that?
thanks i advance!
manolis
There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend checking
out the subprocess module and see if it does what you want.

This will only work if the program can be fully controlled by
commandline arguments. If interaction is required, the OP might consider
using pexpect.
Or you
could learn a little Tkinter or wxPython and use that to get the
user's variable. Or you could even do it via the command line using
the "raw_input" command.

I fail to see how *gathering* input (regardless of the method) solves
the problem of *passing* input to a subprocess.

Diez
My understanding of the OP's request was that "tsys2list" was a custom
script of some sort that gathered info from the user, so I wanted to
know why he didn't just skip calling it and write something in Tkinter
or wxPython or even via the CLI instead.

I'm probably just not understanding something.

Mike
Jul 25 '08 #8

P: n/a
Mike Driscoll schrieb:
On Jul 25, 9:28 am, "Diez B. Roggisch" <de...@nospam.web.dewrote:
>Mike Driscoll schrieb:
>>On Jul 25, 7:56 am, Emmanouil Angelakis <angel...@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de>
wrote:
Hi,
I am tryiong to do something obviously trivial such as:
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the "tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py" >>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.
How do I do that?
thanks i advance!
manolis
There are probably many ways to do this. I would recommend checking
out the subprocess module and see if it does what you want.
This will only work if the program can be fully controlled by
commandline arguments. If interaction is required, the OP might consider
using pexpect.
>>Or you
could learn a little Tkinter or wxPython and use that to get the
user's variable. Or you could even do it via the command line using
the "raw_input" command.
I fail to see how *gathering* input (regardless of the method) solves
the problem of *passing* input to a subprocess.

Diez

My understanding of the OP's request was that "tsys2list" was a custom
script of some sort that gathered info from the user, so I wanted to
know why he didn't just skip calling it and write something in Tkinter
or wxPython or even via the CLI instead.

I'm probably just not understanding something.
The program is doing some work, and needs to be told what actually to
do. It does so by asking the user, sure. But then it *works*. I think
that's pretty clear from

"""
I have a c program called "tsys2list" that when it is ran it asks the
user to give the value of "tcal" which is a variable. I want to call the
"tsys2list" from within a pyrthon script lets call it "gamma.py"
>>>but<<< I want to pass the value of "tcal" to th eprogram
automatically and not by interacting with the keyboard.
"""

So replacing it with something that asks the same questions leaves us
with the work undone...
Diez
Jul 25 '08 #9

P: n/a
These answers are too elaborate and abstract for the question.

Emmanouil,

Here is a program "myprog" which takes input and writes output to a
file. It happens to be python but it could be anything.

#####
#!/usr/bin/env python
a = int(raw_input("enter thing 1 "))
b = int(raw_input("enter thing 2 "))
c = raw_input("enter output file name ")
f = open(c,"w")
f.write("answer is %s\n" % str(a + b))
f.close()
#####

Here is python code which runs that program

#####
import os

f = os.popen("/path/to/myprog","w")
f.write("3\n4\noutputname\n") #can also do three separate writes if
that is more convenient
f.close()
#####

For some reason os.popen is deprecated in favor of the more verbose
subprocess.Popen, but this will work for a while.

Here is an even simpler approach that will take you a long way. This
should be very easy to understand.

#####
import os

params = open("temp","w")
params.write("3\n")
params.write("4\n")
params.write("outputname2\n")
params.close()

os.system("/path/to/myprog < temp")
#####

If you want python to pick up the stdout of your program as well look
into popen2.

Try basing your solution on those and if you have any problems let us
know what they are. In most cases such as you describe these will
work.

mt

Jul 25 '08 #10

P: n/a
On 2008-07-25, Diez B. Roggisch <de***@nospam.web.dewrote:
Because usually if a program *prompts* the user to enter input (and that
was what I read from the OP's post), one has to deal with pseudo
terminals, not with stdin/out.
>>If interaction is required, the OP might consider using
pexpect.

Pexpect is a good option, but it's just an automation layer on
top of the same facilities that subprocess provides.

AFAIK it's more than that. I'm not an expert on pseudo terminals, but
AFAIK setting using module pty isn't possible using subprocess.
You're right. I forgot that pexect uses a pty. You could use
a pty with the subprocess module, but it's a hassle to set up.

--
Grant Edwards grante Yow! The PINK SOCKS were
at ORIGINALLY from 1952!!
visi.com But they went to MARS
around 1953!!
Jul 25 '08 #11

P: n/a


Michael Tobis wrote:
For some reason os.popen is deprecated in favor of the more verbose
subprocess.Popen, but this will work for a while.
As explained in
http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0324/
subprocess consolidated replaced several modules and functions (popen*,
system, spawn*, ???)with better security, exception handling, and
flexibility. The deprecated modules are gone in 3.0, so the OP might
want to start with subprocess now.

Jul 25 '08 #12

This discussion thread is closed

Replies have been disabled for this discussion.