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finding bluetooth serial port

To automate/ease configuration in my app I am trying to find out to
which serial port a certain bluetooth device is connected. With pybluez
I can find out which bluetooth devices I have, but it will not tell me
the serial port they are mapped to.

Is there a way to figure this out from python? (I am insterested in the
platforms WinXP and linux primarily)

Paul Sijben
Nov 7 '07 #1
2 6488
On 2007-11-07, Paul Sijben <pa*********@xs4all.nlwrote:
To automate/ease configuration in my app I am trying to find
out to which serial port a certain bluetooth device is
connected. With pybluez I can find out which bluetooth devices
I have, but it will not tell me the serial port they are
mapped to.

Is there a way to figure this out from python? (I am
insterested in the platforms WinXP and linux primarily)
Under linux, the "right" thing to do is to write a udev rule so
that the device has a predictiable name (or symlink).

http://reactivated.net/writing_udev_rules.html

If you don't want to write a udev rule, you'll need to bascally
re-implement udev by parsing the sysfs directory tree until you
find the device you're looking for. Here's how to do it for USB
(I assume BT works in a similar fashion).

Let's say I know the device has vendor ID 0403, product ID
6001, and serial number 123456.

I search through the directories under /sys/devices until I
find a directory containing three files named

idProduct
idVendor
serial

Which contain the three strings I'm looking for.

In this case:

# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/idVendor
0403
# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/idProduct
6001
# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/serial
12345678

Once you've found that directory, you can look at the other
entries to find out whatever you want to know about the device:

/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/
|-- 5-1:1.0
| |-- bAlternateSetting
| |-- bInterfaceClass
| |-- bInterfaceNumber
| |-- bInterfaceProtocol
| |-- bInterfaceSubClass
| |-- bNumEndpoints
| |-- bus -../../../../../../bus/usb
| |-- driver -../../../../../../bus/usb/drivers/ftdi_sio
| |-- ep_02 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep02
| |-- ep_81 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- interface
| |-- modalias
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../bus/usb
| |-- ttyUSB0
| | |-- bus -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial
| | |-- driver -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial/drivers/ftdi_sio
| | |-- power
| | | |-- state
| | | `-- wakeup
| | |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial
| | |-- tty:ttyUSB0 -../../../../../../../class/tty/ttyUSB0
| | `-- uevent
| |-- uevent
| |-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep02 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep02
| |-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep81 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- usbdev5.42_ep02
| | |-- bEndpointAddress
| | |-- bInterval
| | |-- bLength
| | |-- bmAttributes
| | |-- dev
| | |-- device -../../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0
| | |-- direction
| | |-- interval
| | |-- power
| | | |-- state
| | | `-- wakeup
| | |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| | |-- type
| | |-- uevent
| | `-- wMaxPacketSize
| `-- usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- bEndpointAddress
| |-- bInterval
| |-- bLength
| |-- bmAttributes
| |-- dev
| |-- device -../../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0
| |-- direction
| |-- interval
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| |-- type
| |-- uevent
| `-- wMaxPacketSize
|-- bConfigurationValue
|-- bDeviceClass
|-- bDeviceProtocol
|-- bDeviceSubClass
|-- bMaxPacketSize0
|-- bMaxPower
|-- bNumConfigurations
|-- bNumInterfaces
|-- bcdDevice
|-- bmAttributes
|-- bus -../../../../../bus/usb
|-- configuration
|-- devnum
|-- driver -../../../../../bus/usb/drivers/usb
|-- ep_00 -../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/usbdev5.42_ep00
|-- event_char
|-- idProduct
|-- idVendor
|-- manufacturer
|-- maxchild
|-- power
| |-- state
| `-- wakeup
|-- product
|-- serial
|-- speed
|-- subsystem -../../../../../bus/usb
|-- uevent
|-- usb_device:usbdev5.42 -../../../../../class/usb_device/usbdev5.42
|-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep00 -../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/usbdev5.42_ep00
|-- usbdev5.42_ep00
| |-- bEndpointAddress
| |-- bInterval
| |-- bLength
| |-- bmAttributes
| |-- dev
| |-- device -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1
| |-- direction
| |-- interval
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| |-- type
| |-- uevent
| `-- wMaxPacketSize
`-- version
If you want to search by something other than the product id,
vendor id and serial number, then pick some other of the files
above that will have identifiable contents and look for that.

--
Grant Edwards grante Yow! We just joined the
at civil hair patrol!
visi.com
Nov 7 '07 #2
thanks very much!
Grant Edwards wrote:
On 2007-11-07, Paul Sijben <pa*********@xs4all.nlwrote:
>To automate/ease configuration in my app I am trying to find
out to which serial port a certain bluetooth device is
connected. With pybluez I can find out which bluetooth devices
I have, but it will not tell me the serial port they are
mapped to.

Is there a way to figure this out from python? (I am
insterested in the platforms WinXP and linux primarily)

Under linux, the "right" thing to do is to write a udev rule so
that the device has a predictiable name (or symlink).

http://reactivated.net/writing_udev_rules.html

If you don't want to write a udev rule, you'll need to bascally
re-implement udev by parsing the sysfs directory tree until you
find the device you're looking for. Here's how to do it for USB
(I assume BT works in a similar fashion).

Let's say I know the device has vendor ID 0403, product ID
6001, and serial number 123456.

I search through the directories under /sys/devices until I
find a directory containing three files named

idProduct
idVendor
serial

Which contain the three strings I'm looking for.

In this case:

# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/idVendor
0403
# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/idProduct
6001
# cat /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/serial
12345678

Once you've found that directory, you can look at the other
entries to find out whatever you want to know about the device:

/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/
|-- 5-1:1.0
| |-- bAlternateSetting
| |-- bInterfaceClass
| |-- bInterfaceNumber
| |-- bInterfaceProtocol
| |-- bInterfaceSubClass
| |-- bNumEndpoints
| |-- bus -../../../../../../bus/usb
| |-- driver -../../../../../../bus/usb/drivers/ftdi_sio
| |-- ep_02 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep02
| |-- ep_81 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- interface
| |-- modalias
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../bus/usb
| |-- ttyUSB0
| | |-- bus -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial
| | |-- driver -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial/drivers/ftdi_sio
| | |-- power
| | | |-- state
| | | `-- wakeup
| | |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../bus/usb-serial
| | |-- tty:ttyUSB0 -../../../../../../../class/tty/ttyUSB0
| | `-- uevent
| |-- uevent
| |-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep02 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep02
| |-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep81 -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0/usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- usbdev5.42_ep02
| | |-- bEndpointAddress
| | |-- bInterval
| | |-- bLength
| | |-- bmAttributes
| | |-- dev
| | |-- device -../../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0
| | |-- direction
| | |-- interval
| | |-- power
| | | |-- state
| | | `-- wakeup
| | |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| | |-- type
| | |-- uevent
| | `-- wMaxPacketSize
| `-- usbdev5.42_ep81
| |-- bEndpointAddress
| |-- bInterval
| |-- bLength
| |-- bmAttributes
| |-- dev
| |-- device -../../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/5-1:1.0
| |-- direction
| |-- interval
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| |-- type
| |-- uevent
| `-- wMaxPacketSize
|-- bConfigurationValue
|-- bDeviceClass
|-- bDeviceProtocol
|-- bDeviceSubClass
|-- bMaxPacketSize0
|-- bMaxPower
|-- bNumConfigurations
|-- bNumInterfaces
|-- bcdDevice
|-- bmAttributes
|-- bus -../../../../../bus/usb
|-- configuration
|-- devnum
|-- driver -../../../../../bus/usb/drivers/usb
|-- ep_00 -../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/usbdev5.42_ep00
|-- event_char
|-- idProduct
|-- idVendor
|-- manufacturer
|-- maxchild
|-- power
| |-- state
| `-- wakeup
|-- product
|-- serial
|-- speed
|-- subsystem -../../../../../bus/usb
|-- uevent
|-- usb_device:usbdev5.42 -../../../../../class/usb_device/usbdev5.42
|-- usb_endpoint:usbdev5.42_ep00 -../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1/usbdev5.42_ep00
|-- usbdev5.42_ep00
| |-- bEndpointAddress
| |-- bInterval
| |-- bLength
| |-- bmAttributes
| |-- dev
| |-- device -../../../../../../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.3/usb5/5-1
| |-- direction
| |-- interval
| |-- power
| | |-- state
| | `-- wakeup
| |-- subsystem -../../../../../../class/usb_endpoint
| |-- type
| |-- uevent
| `-- wMaxPacketSize
`-- version
If you want to search by something other than the product id,
vendor id and serial number, then pick some other of the files
above that will have identifiable contents and look for that.
Nov 8 '07 #3

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