Is it possible to convert a very long list of strings to a list of floats in
a single statement ?
I have tried float(x) and float(x[:]) but neither work. I guess I would have
to write a loop if there isn't a way. 8 4569
Madhusudan> Is it possible to convert a very long list of strings to a
Madhusudan> list of floats in a single statement ?
Madhusudan> I have tried float(x) and float(x[:]) but neither work. I
Madhusudan> guess I would have to write a loop if there isn't a way.
Try: los = ["123.0", "2", "1e6"] map(float, los)
[123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07] [float(s) for s in los]
[123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07]
Skip sk**@pobox.com wrote: Madhusudan> Is it possible to convert a very long list of strings to a Madhusudan> list of floats in a single statement ?
Madhusudan> I have tried float(x) and float(x[:]) but neither work. I Madhusudan> guess I would have to write a loop if there isn't a way.
Try:
>>> los = ["123.0", "2", "1e6"] >>> map(float, los) [123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07] >>> [float(s) for s in los]
[123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07]
Skip
Thanks. Now, a slightly more complicated question.
Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that
is a user defined function of the two lists.
I tried :
def rpyth(x,y):
r=sqrt(pow(x,2.0)+pow(y,2.0))
return r
r1n=map(rpyth,x2n[1:len(x2n)1],y2n[1:len(y2n)1])
And I get an error complaining about floats.
Madhusudan Singh wrote: sk**@pobox.com wrote:
Madhusudan> Is it possible to convert a very long list of strings to a Madhusudan> list of floats in a single statement ?
Madhusudan> I have tried float(x) and float(x[:]) but neither work. I Madhusudan> guess I would have to write a loop if there isn't a way.
Try:
>>> los = ["123.0", "2", "1e6"] >>> map(float, los) [123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07] >>> [float(s) for s in los] [123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07]
Skip
Thanks. Now, a slightly more complicated question.
Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that is a user defined function of the two lists.
I tried :
def rpyth(x,y): r=sqrt(pow(x,2.0)+pow(y,2.0)) return r
r1n=map(rpyth,x2n[1:len(x2n)1],y2n[1:len(y2n)1])
And I get an error complaining about floats.
.... but the error message is a secret so you don't want to tell us what
it was? It's more helpful if you actually copied and pasted the exact
error traceback you see, as this avoids any potential answerer having to
guess what went wrong.
A brief description of what you were trying to do is also helpful, since
it isn't obvious at first glance why you are omitting some of hte list
elements.
regards
Steve

Steve Holden +44 150 684 7255 +1 800 494 3119
Holden Web LLC www.holdenweb.com
PyCon TX 2006 www.python.org/pycon/
Steve Holden wrote: Madhusudan Singh wrote: sk**@pobox.com wrote:
Madhusudan> Is it possible to convert a very long list of strings to a Madhusudan> list of floats in a single statement ?
Madhusudan> I have tried float(x) and float(x[:]) but neither work. I Madhusudan> guess I would have to write a loop if there isn't a way.
Try:
>>> los = ["123.0", "2", "1e6"] >>> map(float, los) [123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07] >>> [float(s) for s in los] [123.0, 2.0, 9.9999999999999995e07]
Skip
Thanks. Now, a slightly more complicated question.
Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that is a user defined function of the two lists.
I tried :
def rpyth(x,y): r=sqrt(pow(x,2.0)+pow(y,2.0)) return r
r1n=map(rpyth,x2n[1:len(x2n)1],y2n[1:len(y2n)1])
And I get an error complaining about floats.
... but the error message is a secret so you don't want to tell us what it was? It's more helpful if you actually copied and pasted the exact error traceback you see, as this avoids any potential answerer having to guess what went wrong.
A brief description of what you were trying to do is also helpful, since it isn't obvious at first glance why you are omitting some of hte list elements.
regards Steve
I apologize for that.
The error message is :
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "takedata.py", line 163, in ?
r1n=map(rpyth,x2n[1:len(x2)1],y2n[1:len(y2)1])
File "takedata.py", line 15, in rpyth
r=sqrt(pow(x,2.0)+pow(y,2.0))
TypeError: a float is required
I understand why the error is occuring (pow is not overloaded to accept
lists of floats instead of floats ?). How do I fix this ?
Madhusudan Singh wrote: Thanks. Now, a slightly more complicated question.
Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that is a user defined function of the two lists.
result = [sqrt(x**2 + y**2) for x, y in zip(xs, ys)]

Erik Max Francis && ma*@alcyone.com && http://www.alcyone.com/max/
San Jose, CA, USA && 37 20 N 121 53 W && AIM erikmaxfrancis
Did you ever love somebody / Did you ever really care
 Cassandra Wilson
Erik Max Francis wrote: Madhusudan Singh wrote:
Thanks. Now, a slightly more complicated question.
Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that is a user defined function of the two lists.
result = [sqrt(x**2 + y**2) for x, y in zip(xs, ys)]
Works perfectly. Thanks !
Erik Max Francis: result = [sqrt(x**2 + y**2) for x, y in zip(xs, ys)]
Another possibility:
from math import hypot
result = [hypot(*xy) for xy in zip(xs, ys)]
Or better:
from math import hypot
result = map(hypot, xs, ys)
bearophile
Madhusudan Singh <sp**************@spam.invalid> wrote:
... Say I have two lists of floats. And I wish to generate a list of floats that is a user defined function of the two lists.
result = [sqrt(x**2 + y**2) for x, y in zip(xs, ys)]
Works perfectly. Thanks !
If zip works and map doesn't, most likely your problem is that the two
lists have different lengths. In this case, zip truncates to the
shorter list, while map conceptually extends the shorter list with
copies of None  causing an error when you try to do arithmetic between
a float towards the end of the longer list, and None...!
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