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How to use only a sub shell to execute many commands in python

Please see the following code.
Suppose I have many shell commands to be executed. And I don't want to
fork a sub shell for each command(eg: status,output =
commands.getsta tusoutput(cmd)) because it is too expensive. I want to
use only one sub shell to execute all these commands and want to get
each command's output. How can I accomplish this task ? Thanks in

=============== =============== =============
#!/usr/bin/env python
import os
fi, fo = os.popen2(
while read line
eval $line
''', 't')

#Suppose I have many commands to execute, but I don't want to fork a
sub shell for each command
cmds = ['date','uptime' ,'pwd','ls -rltF','who']

for cmd in cmds:
fi.executeCmd(c md)
output = fo.readResult()

print output
=============== =============== =============
Jan 18 '08 #1
1 3546
En Fri, 18 Jan 2008 09:31:25 -0200, raocheng <rc******@gmail .comescribi�:
Please see the following code.
Suppose I have many shell commands to be executed. And I don't want to
fork a sub shell for each command(eg: status,output =
commands.getsta tusoutput(cmd)) because it is too expensive. I want to
use only one sub shell to execute all these commands and want to get
each command's output. How can I accomplish this task ? Thanks in
The hard part is to determine WHEN the command has completed its
execution, because there is no indication of that. One way would be to set
a relatively uncommon prompt, and look for that string in stdout. You
can't read beyond that, else the code would block.
Another way is to use a separate thread to read from stdout/stderr, and
set a timeout; when no more output comes whithin the timeout, you assume
the command has finished.

The code below uses the first approach, changing the prompt to <$$$>\r\n.
I've tested it on Windows only, but should work on Linux too with some
minor modifications.

import subprocess
from os import getenv

# Windows only, this is to determine the shell in use
# Linux users may try with getenv("SHELL", "sh")
shell = getenv("COMSPEC ", "cmd")
p = subprocess.Pope n(shell, stdin=subproces s.PIPE,
stdout=subproce ss.PIPE,
stderr=subproce ss.STDOUT)

expected = '<$$$>\r\n'
cmds = ['prompt $L$$$$$$$G$_',' date /t','cd','dir',' ipconfig /all']
# The first command above sets an uncommon prompt, ending with a newline.
# On Linux use PS1=whatever, but make sure it ends in \n and set the
# expected variable accordingly.

for cmd in cmds:
print ">>>",cmd
p.stdin.write(' %s\n' % cmd)
while True:
line = p.stdout.readli ne()
if line.endswith(e xpected): break
print line,

print "Waiting for subshell to terminate"
p.stdin.write(" exit\n")
print "Done"
Gabriel Genellina

Jan 18 '08 #2

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