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zip files as nested modules?

Supposing that I have a directory tree like so:

a/
__init__.py
b/
__init__.py
c.py

and b.py has some method (let's call it d) within it. I can, from python, do:

from a.b.c import d
d()

And, that works. Now, suppose I want to have a zipped module under a,
called b.zip. Is there any way that I can accomplish the same thing,
but using the zip file as the inner module?

My directory layout is then

a/
__init__.py
b.zip

And b is a zipfile laid out like

b/
__init__.py
c.py

I tried populating a's __init__ with this:

import zipimport
import os
here = os.path.join(os .getcwd(), __path__[0])
zips = [f for f in os.listdir(here ) if f.endswith('.zi p')]
zips = [os.path.join(he re, z) for z in zips]

for z in zips:
print z
mod = os.path.split(z )[-1][:-4]
print mod
globals()[mod] = zipimport.zipim porter(z).load_ module(mod)

All the zip modules appear (I actually have a few zips, but that
shouldn't be important), but their contents do not seem to be
accessible in any way. I could probably put import statements in all
the __init__.py files to import everything in the level below, but I
am under the impression that relative imports are frowned upon, and it
seems pretty bug-prone anyhow.

Any pointers on how to accomplish zip modules being nested within normal ones?
Apr 1 '07 #1
1 1806
Importing modules from zip files was proposed in PEP-273 [1]

Here is how the spec of PEP-273 begins:

'''
Currently, sys.path is a list of directory names as strings. If this
PEP is implemented, an item of sys.path can be a string naming a zip
file archive.
'''

My interpretation of the above is that, to be importable, a zip file
must be explicitly named in sys.path.

So the mere fact that a zip file lies somewhere in a directory which
is part of the sys.path does not make it importable.

Cheers,

Luciano
[1] http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0273/

Apr 6 '07 #2

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