By using this site, you agree to our updated Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. Manage your Cookies Settings.
437,695 Members | 1,956 Online
Bytes IT Community
+ Ask a Question
Need help? Post your question and get tips & solutions from a community of 437,695 IT Pros & Developers. It's quick & easy.

Field collection in trigger

P: n/a
Hello list,

First of all, excuse me if this is not the right place to ask my question.

Is there a way in postgresql to loop to all the fields of a given table
and compare the OLD and NEW value for each field. I need to make an
audit table that must contain only the fields changed after and
insert/update.

Thanks in advance

Josué Maldonado.

---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 3: if posting/reading through Usenet, please send an appropriate
subscribe-nomail command to ma*******@postgresql.org so that your
message can get through to the mailing list cleanly

Nov 11 '05 #1
Share this Question
Share on Google+
4 Replies


P: n/a
Josué Maldonado <jo***@lamundial.hn> writes:
Hello list,

First of all, excuse me if this is not the right place to ask my question.

Is there a way in postgresql to loop to all the fields of a given
table and compare the OLD and NEW value for each field. I need to make
an audit table that must contain only the fields changed after and
insert/update.


You should be able to do this in a Perl or C trigger. It can't be
done in PL/pgSQL without writing a custom trigger for each table that
hard-codes all the field names.

-Doug

---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 3: if posting/reading through Usenet, please send an appropriate
subscribe-nomail command to ma*******@postgresql.org so that your
message can get through to the mailing list cleanly

Nov 11 '05 #2

P: n/a
Hi Doug,

Thanks for anwsers, do you have some sample code or URL where I can get
more info on this. I don't know C or Perl but really need to get this done.

Thanks,

Doug McNaught wrote:
Josué Maldonado <jo***@lamundial.hn> writes:
Hello list,

First of all, excuse me if this is not the right place to ask my question.

Is there a way in postgresql to loop to all the fields of a given
table and compare the OLD and NEW value for each field. I need to make
an audit table that must contain only the fields changed after and
insert/update.


You should be able to do this in a Perl or C trigger. It can't be
done in PL/pgSQL without writing a custom trigger for each table that
hard-codes all the field names.

-Doug

---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 3: if posting/reading through Usenet, please send an appropriate
subscribe-nomail command to ma*******@postgresql.org so that your
message can get through to the mailing list cleanly


---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 9: the planner will ignore your desire to choose an index scan if your
joining column's datatypes do not match

Nov 11 '05 #3

P: n/a
Yes.. I had to do something like that a while back and had to make it
generalized, so I could assume nothing about the input tuples other than
the assertion that they contain the same number of colums, the same set
of data types, and the same mapping of data types to colmns

basically what I did was the following in a trigger (In C, of course. I
don't know if there's a way to do the same thing in PL/Pgsql). I'm
describing it from the viewpoint that you're compairing two tuples,
presumably one selected from a table and the other provided from some
other source (update command? insert? another table? etc).

For one tuple, create a list of columns to check by
looking at its tuple descriptor. Ignore deleted columns
(the tupdesc->attrs[n]->attisdropped in the tuple descriptor will be true if
a column has been previously deleted). This is important in certain
cases if you're dealing with a a table that previously has had deleted
columns.

For the other tuple, do the same procedure then create a mapping between
identical columns in the two tables. (Do not assume that the columns
appear in the same order in either tuple)

Then for each pair of identical columns, one from each tuple:
determine if the value stored is passed by value, by reference, or is
variable length.
- if it is by value, just compare the value
- If it is by reference, do a memcmp over the appropriate length
- If it is variable length object, then detoast it and do a memcmp
over its length (compairing their lengths first, as that's the
easy way to tell if it changed)

You'll have to take a close look at the TupleDesc structure in
access/tupdesc.h and also the Form_pg_attribute
structure catalog/pg_attribute.h for the fine details, but that's how I
generally went about it. You can take some shortcuts at the expense of
generality it that's appropriate in your case..

-Aaron
On Mon, 1 Sep 2003, =?ISO-8859-1?Q?Josu=E9_Maldonado?= wrote:
Hello list,

First of all, excuse me if this is not the right place to ask my question.

Is there a way in postgresql to loop to all the fields of a given table
and compare the OLD and NEW value for each field. I need to make an
audit table that must contain only the fields changed after and
insert/update.

Thanks in advance

Josué Maldonado.

---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 3: if posting/reading through Usenet, please send an appropriate
subscribe-nomail command to ma*******@postgresql.org so that your
message can get through to the mailing list cleanly




---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 1: subscribe and unsubscribe commands go to ma*******@postgresql.org

Nov 11 '05 #4

P: n/a
Try the following using pltcl

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION foo() RETURNS TRIGGER AS '

foreach id [array names OLD] {
if { $OLD($id) != $NEW($id) {
# do your logging in here or flags whatever you wish
}
}
return [array get NEW]
' LANGUAGE 'pltcl';

HTH

Darren

On Mon, 1 Sep 2003, Josué Maldonado wrote:
Hi Doug,

Thanks for anwsers, do you have some sample code or URL where I can get
more info on this. I don't know C or Perl but really need to get this done.

Thanks,

Doug McNaught wrote:
Josué Maldonado <jo***@lamundial.hn> writes:
Hello list,

First of all, excuse me if this is not the right place to ask my question.

Is there a way in postgresql to loop to all the fields of a given
table and compare the OLD and NEW value for each field. I need to make
an audit table that must contain only the fields changed after and
insert/update.


You should be able to do this in a Perl or C trigger. It can't be
done in PL/pgSQL without writing a custom trigger for each table that
hard-codes all the field names.

-Doug

---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 3: if posting/reading through Usenet, please send an appropriate
subscribe-nomail command to ma*******@postgresql.org so that your
message can get through to the mailing list cleanly


---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 9: the planner will ignore your desire to choose an index scan if your
joining column's datatypes do not match


--
Darren Ferguson
---------------------------(end of broadcast)---------------------------
TIP 4: Don't 'kill -9' the postmaster

Nov 11 '05 #5

This discussion thread is closed

Replies have been disabled for this discussion.