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adding on delete cascade constraint?

Currently I have a table defined as such:

TAL=# \d internal_keywor ds
Table "public.interna l_keywords"
Column | Type | Modifiers
---------+---------+-----------
keyword | text | not null
pid | integer | not null
Indexes: internal_keywor ds_pkey primary key btree (keyword, pid)
Foreign Key constraints: $1 FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES products(id) ON
UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE NO ACTION

How can I change the ON DELETE action to CASCADE for column pid?

I've check the alter table documentation but cannot find any reference
to this.

Thanks,

Jean-Christian Imbeault
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Nov 11 '05 #1
4 33689
On Fri, 2003-09-19 at 11:09, Jean-Christian Imbeault wrote:
Currently I have a table defined as such:

TAL=# \d internal_keywor ds
Table "public.interna l_keywords"
Column | Type | Modifiers
---------+---------+-----------
keyword | text | not null
pid | integer | not null
Indexes: internal_keywor ds_pkey primary key btree (keyword, pid)
Foreign Key constraints: $1 FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES products(id) ON
UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE NO ACTION

How can I change the ON DELETE action to CASCADE for column pid?

I've check the alter table documentation but cannot find any reference
to this.


Drop the constraint; then add an amended one.

--
Oliver Elphick Ol************@ lfix.co.uk
Isle of Wight, UK http://www.lfix.co.uk/oliver
GPG: 1024D/3E1D0C1C: CA12 09E0 E8D5 8870 5839 932A 614D 4C34 3E1D 0C1C
=============== =============== ==========
"Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that
there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now
herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open
you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a
blessing, that there shall not be room enough to
receive it." Malachi 3:10
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Nov 11 '05 #2
Oliver Elphick wrote:
Foreign Key constraints: $1 FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES products(id) ON
UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE NO ACTION


Drop the constraint; then add an amended one.


Ok, how do I drop the constraint, it has no name.

The documentation is rather poor on how to get the name of unamed
constraints:

"To remove a constraint you need to know its name. If you gave it a name
then that's easy. Otherwise the system assigned a generated name, which
you need to find out. The psql command \d tablename can be helpful here"

Secondly what is the correct syntax for adding a new constraint with ON
DELETE CASCADE?

Thanks,

Jean-Christian Imbeault

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Nov 11 '05 #3
On Fri, 2003-09-19 at 14:02, Jean-Christian Imbeault wrote:
Oliver Elphick wrote:
Foreign Key constraints: $1 FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES products(id) ON
UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE NO ACTION
Drop the constraint; then add an amended one.


Ok, how do I drop the constraint, it has no name.

From what you quoted above, its name is $1
ALTER TABLE xxx DROP CONSTRAINT "$1"; -- double quotes required since
-- $1 is an identifier
Secondly what is the correct syntax for adding a new constraint with ON
DELETE CASCADE?


ALTER TABLE xxx ADD CONSTRAINT "$1" FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES
products(id) ON UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE CASCADE;

--
Oliver Elphick Ol************@ lfix.co.uk
Isle of Wight, UK http://www.lfix.co.uk/oliver
GPG: 1024D/3E1D0C1C: CA12 09E0 E8D5 8870 5839 932A 614D 4C34 3E1D 0C1C
=============== =============== ==========
"Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that
there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now
herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open
you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a
blessing, that there shall not be room enough to
receive it." Malachi 3:10
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Nov 11 '05 #4
On Friday 19 September 2003 14:02, Jean-Christian Imbeault wrote:
Oliver Elphick wrote:
Foreign Key constraints: $1 FOREIGN KEY (pid) REFERENCES products(id) ON
UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE NO ACTION
Drop the constraint; then add an amended one.


Ok, how do I drop the constraint, it has no name.


Its name is "$1" - use

DROP CONSTRAINT "$1" ...
Secondly what is the correct syntax for adding a new constraint with ON
DELETE CASCADE?


See the SQL command reference for ALTER TABLE. It's something like:

ALTER TABLE mytable ADD CONSTRAINT constraint_name FOREIGN KEY ... etc

--
Richard Huxton
Archonet Ltd

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Nov 11 '05 #5

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