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is there BMP support in GD?

P: n/a
Hello,

I need to be able to read windows bitmap files (*.bmp) into the GD-functions
in order to create a jpg-file from it. Is such a thing possible. I seem te
be unable to find the required functions.

Hope you can help me.

Regards, Erwin
Jul 17 '05 #1
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P: n/a
All I can see in the php manual is support for .wbmp files.

Hamilton

"Erwin Bon" <er***@verkerk.nl> wrote in message
news:3f**********************@news.euronet.nl...
Hello,

I need to be able to read windows bitmap files (*.bmp) into the GD-functions in order to create a jpg-file from it. Is such a thing possible. I seem te
be unable to find the required functions.

Hope you can help me.

Regards, Erwin

Jul 17 '05 #2

P: n/a
"Erwin Bon" <er***@verkerk.nl> wrote in message news:<3f**********************@news.euronet.nl>...
Hello,

I need to be able to read windows bitmap files (*.bmp) into the GD-functions
in order to create a jpg-file from it. Is such a thing possible. I seem te
be unable to find the required functions.

Hope you can help me.

Regards, Erwin


The GD library doesn't support .BMP files for some reason. I've
written a function that converts .BMP files to .GD, a very simple
format that GD uses.

The following code implements imagecreatefrombmp(). It first convert
the BMP to GD, saving it to a temporary location, then open the image
using imagecreatefromgd().
<?

function ConvertBMP2GD($src, $dest = false) {
if(!($src_f = fopen($src, "rb"))) {
return false;
}
if(!($dest_f = fopen($dest, "wb"))) {
return false;
}
$header = unpack("vtype/Vsize/v2reserved/Voffset", fread($src_f,
14));
$info = unpack("Vsize/Vwidth/Vheight/vplanes/vbits/Vcompression/Vimagesize/Vxres/Vyres/Vncolor/Vimportant",
fread($src_f, 40));

extract($info);
extract($header);

if($type != 0x4D42) { // signature "BM"
return false;
}

$palette_size = $offset - 54;
$ncolor = $palette_size / 4;
$gd_header = "";
// true-color vs. palette
$gd_header .= ($palette_size == 0) ? "\xFF\xFE" : "\xFF\xFF";
$gd_header .= pack("n2", $width, $height);
$gd_header .= ($palette_size == 0) ? "\x01" : "\x00";
if($palette_size) {
$gd_header .= pack("n", $ncolor);
}
// no transparency
$gd_header .= "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF";

fwrite($dest_f, $gd_header);

if($palette_size) {
$palette = fread($src_f, $palette_size);
$gd_palette = "";
$j = 0;
while($j < $palette_size) {
$b = $palette{$j++};
$g = $palette{$j++};
$r = $palette{$j++};
$a = $palette{$j++};
$gd_palette .= "$r$g$b$a";
}
$gd_palette .= str_repeat("\x00\x00\x00\x00", 256 - $ncolor);
fwrite($dest_f, $gd_palette);
}

$scan_line_size = (($bits * $width) + 7) >> 3;
$scan_line_align = ($scan_line_size & 0x03) ? 4 - ($scan_line_size &
0x03) : 0;

for($i = 0, $l = $height - 1; $i < $height; $i++, $l--) {
// BMP stores scan lines starting from bottom
fseek($src_f, $offset + (($scan_line_size + $scan_line_align) *
$l));
$scan_line = fread($src_f, $scan_line_size);
if($bits == 24) {
$gd_scan_line = "";
$j = 0;
while($j < $scan_line_size) {
$b = $scan_line{$j++};
$g = $scan_line{$j++};
$r = $scan_line{$j++};
$gd_scan_line .= "\x00$r$g$b";
}
}
else if($bits == 8) {
$gd_scan_line = $scan_line;
}
else if($bits == 4) {
$gd_scan_line = "";
$j = 0;
while($j < $scan_line_size) {
$byte = ord($scan_line{$j++});
$p1 = chr($byte >> 4);
$p2 = chr($byte & 0x0F);
$gd_scan_line .= "$p1$p2";
}
$gd_scan_line = substr($gd_scan_line, 0, $width);
}
else if($bits == 1) {
$gd_scan_line = "";
$j = 0;
while($j < $scan_line_size) {
$byte = ord($scan_line{$j++});
$p1 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x80) != 0));
$p2 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x40) != 0));
$p3 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x20) != 0));
$p4 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x10) != 0));
$p5 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x08) != 0));
$p6 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x04) != 0));
$p7 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x02) != 0));
$p8 = chr((int) (($byte & 0x01) != 0));
$gd_scan_line .= "$p1$p2$p3$p4$p5$p6$p7$p8";
}
$gd_scan_line = substr($gd_scan_line, 0, $width);
}

fwrite($dest_f, $gd_scan_line);
}
fclose($src_f);
fclose($dest_f);
return true;
}

function imagecreatefrombmp($filename) {
$tmp_name = tempnam("/tmp", "GD");
if(ConvertBMP2GD($filename, $tmp_name)) {
$img = imagecreatefromgd($tmp_name);
unlink($tmp_name);
return $img;
}
return false;
}

$img = imagecreatefrombmp("test24bit.bmp");
imagejpeg($img, "test.jpg");

?>
<img src="test.jpg">
Jul 17 '05 #3

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