473,386 Members | 1,812 Online
Bytes | Software Development & Data Engineering Community
Post Job

Home Posts Topics Members FAQ

Join Bytes to post your question to a community of 473,386 software developers and data experts.

How can I get my https file fetch working?

42
Hi y'all!
I'm new at perl, and I'm trying to automate a file fetch.

I have this url (in this example called 'https://GetMyFile'), which, when I paste it into a browser, gives me the pop-up "File Download" - Do you want to open or save this file?.. And clicking 'save' gives me the file I want.

I would like to achieve the same result automatically, without having to paste the url into a browser and click 'save' a specify where to save my file.

So, here's my first attempt:
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. use strict;
  2. use WWW::Mechanize;
  3. use LWP::Debug qw(+);
  4.  
  5. my $ua = new LWP::UserAgent;
  6. $ua->proxy([qw( https http )], "myProxyAddress");
  7.  
  8. my $url = "https://GetMyFile";
  9.  
  10. my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new();
  11.  
  12. print "Fetching $url";
  13.    $mech->get( $url, ':content_file' => 'C:\Tmp\myFile.zip' );
  14.    die "Ooops, that didn't work: ", $mech->response->status_line unless $mech->success;
--------------------------------------------------------------------
The thing is, I don't get the "oops" printout, instead myFile.zip is downloaded to the correct location, but this file is corrupted. It seems it doesn't get downloaded entirely since when I download it manually it's much bigger.

Here are some debug printouts I get

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. LWP::UserAgent::new: ()
  2. LWP::UserAgent::proxy: ARRAY(someHexNumber) myProxyAddress
  3. LWP::UserAgent::proxy: https myProxyAddress
  4. LWP::UserAgent::proxy: http myProxyAddress
  5. LWP::UserAgent::new: ()
  6. LWP::UserAgent::request: ()
  7. HTTP::Cookies::add_cookie_header: Checking GetMyFile for cookies
  8. LWP::UserAgent::send_request: GET https://GetMyFile
  9. LWP::UserAgent::_need_proxy: Not proxied
  10. LWP::Protocol::http::request: ()
  11. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 336 bytes
  12. LWP::UserAgent::request: Simple response: Found
  13. LWP::UserAgent::request: ()
  14. HTTP::Cookies::add_cookie_header: Checking GetMyFile for cookies
  15. LWP::UserAgent::send_request: GET https://GetMyFile
  16. LWP::UserAgent::_need_proxy: Not proxied
  17. LWP::Protocol::http::request: ()
  18. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 439 bytes
  19. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 176 bytes
  20. LWP::UserAgent::request: Simple response: Found
  21.  
  22. ... Then these printouts are repeated
  23.  
  24. ...
  25.  
  26. LWP::UserAgent::_need_proxy: Not proxied
  27. LWP::Protocol::http::request: ()
  28. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 869 bytes
  29. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 4096 bytes
  30. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 4096 bytes
  31. LWP::Protocol::collect: read 2395 bytes
  32. LWP::UserAgent::request: Simple response: OK
  33. Fetching https://GetMyFile
  34.  
Any help or suggestions as to why I don't get the entire file (?) would be greatly appreciated!

Cheers
Feb 4 '09 #1
12 10717
KevinADC
4,059 Expert 2GB
Looks like it should work. Don't know what the problem is.
Feb 4 '09 #2
numberwhun
3,509 Expert Mod 2GB
I agree with Kevin. Right off the bat, it looks like it might work, but I haven't gone through it thoroughly. What I can say is that you want to look at the book "Spidering Hacks". Specifically, this part here:

http://books.google.com/books?id=4M2...PXiAg#PPA60,M1

That will help you with a fetch using the Mechanize module.

Regards,

Jeff
Feb 5 '09 #3
MimiMi
42
Hi! Thank you so much guys, for giving me feedback quickly!
I now know though, that the problem is related to credentials...
When, in the script, I change
$mech->get( $url, ':content_file' => 'C:\Tmp\myFile.zip' );
to
$mech->get( $url, ':content_file' => 'C:\Tmp\myFile.html' );
I can see that the downloaded file is indeed a webpage; and that is, a login page..

I don't really know how to solve this though. I will have to investigate further.
There is some autologin asp session involved when fetching files from where I want to fetch them. Probably the browser handles a lot of that "behind the scenes", and I don't really know exactly what's going on, which, of course I must, in order to get my script to work.. These enterprise networks.. *sigh* :)...
Feb 5 '09 #4
numberwhun
3,509 Expert Mod 2GB
@MimiMi
Check out the module documentation on CPAN for WWW::Mechanize. I am pretty positive that it provides options for logging in to such pages, you just have to code for it.

I don't know if it will help any, but here is a script I wrote a while ago that logs into a website (you had to log in before you could see the list of files) and then downloads everything that was there:

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. #!/usr/bin/perl
  2.  
  3. use strict;
  4. use warnings;
  5. use File::Basename;
  6. use WWW::Mechanize;
  7. use MIME::Base64;
  8.  
  9. $|++;
  10.  
  11. my $username = "username";
  12. my $password = "password";
  13. my $url = "http://www.site.com/page.asp";
  14. my $realm;
  15. my $tempfile = "temp.txt";
  16.  
  17. my $agent = WWW::Mechanize->new();
  18. my @args = (
  19.     Authorization => "Basic " . MIME::Base64::encode( $username . ':' . $password )
  20. );
  21.  
  22.  
  23. $agent->credentials( $url, $realm, $username, $password );
  24.  
  25. $agent->get( $url, @args)
  26.  
Obviously, site name, username and password have all been changed to protect the innocent and the above values for each should be replaced with whatever you are using.


Regards,

Jeff
Feb 5 '09 #5
KevinADC
4,059 Expert 2GB
Look into Win32::IE::Mechanize which can handle a lot more things than WWW::Mechanize can
Feb 5 '09 #6
MimiMi
42
Hello again!
I appreciate all your efforts to help me out here!

I've been working on other things, but now it's time to get back to this. (I still haven't got it working).

Here's my current status:

The myFile.html I get from
Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. $mech->get( $url, ':content_file' => 'C:\Tmp\myFile.html' );
  2. (see previous posts if I'm unclear)
has JavaScript on it.. Here are some parts of the html-file (including the JavaScript):

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
  2. <HTML>
  3.     <head>
  4.         <title>TheCompany Portal Login</title>
  5.         <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">    
  6.         <META HTTP-EQUIV="Pragma" CONTENT="no-cache">
  7.         <META HTTP-EQUIV="Expires" CONTENT="-1">
  8.         <meta content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" http-equiv="Content-Type">
  9.  
  10.             <SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript">
  11.                 function resetCredFields()
  12.                 {
  13.                   document.Login.PASSWORD.value = "";
  14.                 }
  15.  
  16.                 function submitForm()
  17.                 {         
  18.                      document.Login.submit();
  19.                 }
  20.  
  21.                 function cancelLogin()
  22.                 {
  23.                         window.history.go(-1);
  24.                 }
  25.  
  26.                 if (top.frames.length > 1)
  27.                 {
  28.                     top.location.href = document.location;
  29.                 }
  30.  
  31.                 function checkEnter(event)
  32.                 {
  33.                     var code = 0;
  34.                     NS4 = (document.layers) ? true : false;
  35.                     if (NS4)
  36.                     code = event.which;
  37.                     else
  38.                     code = event.keyCode;
  39.                     if (code==13)
  40.                     document.Login.submit();
  41.                 }
  42.  
  43.             </SCRIPT>
  44.  
  45.  
  46.     </head>
  47.  
  48. <BODY topmargin="0" leftmargin="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0">
  49.  
  50.  
  51.  
  52.  
  53. <table height="95%" width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
  54. <tr>
... And so on and so forth..

I don't know anything about how WWW::Mechanize could work with JavaScript.. is that even possible? How then can I provide the JavaScript with the right credentials?

Cheers
Feb 27 '09 #7
MimiMi
42
Sorry sorry.. I don't need to waste your time by asking silly questions such as whether WWW::Mechanize works with JavaScript, that wasn't hard to find out for myself. The answer is NO. Unfortunately.

Have to figure out how to solve this then.. some other way.. :/

Cheers
Feb 27 '09 #8
KevinADC
4,059 Expert 2GB
I guess you missed my previosu post:

Look into Win32::IE::Mechanize which can handle a lot more things than WWW::Mechanize can
Feb 27 '09 #9
MimiMi
42
Hi!
KevinADC: Yes that's right I missed looking into Win32::IE::Mechanize, sorry for that!
Now I've started looking into that though, and it seems to be filling my needs somewhat better, feels like I'm almost there, but still I don't get how I can get my files downloaded without manually having to provide any user input whatsoever.

As of now I get an IE browser starting up, and I get to the download file prompt, but I don't want to manually have to click
"save" and provide location etc.. Plus, I don't want IE to show at all.. Is that possible?

This script is to be run at a server, so I want everything to be "invisible"..

Here's my current script:
Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1. use warnings;
  2. use Win32::IE::Mechanize;
  3.  
  4. my $ie = Win32::IE::Mechanize->new( visible => 1 );
  5.  
  6. my $username = "user";
  7. my $password = "pwd";
  8.  
  9. my $url = "http://weblink.To.TheFile";
  10. my $realm;
  11.  
  12.  $ie->credentials( 'myHostname:myPort', $realm, $username, $password );
  13.  
  14. print "Fetching $url";
  15.    $ie->get( $url, ':content_file' => 'C:\Temp\result\result.zip');
  16.    die "Ooops, this didn't work: ", $ie->response->status_line unless $ie->success;
  17.  
Mar 9 '09 #10
KevinADC
4,059 Expert 2GB
Sorry but I don't know the answer or have any suggestions for your last questions. All I can suggest is to carefully read the modules documentation and see if there is anything that can help you solve those parts of your question.
Mar 9 '09 #11
Icecrack
174 Expert 100+
That is not a Perl issue that is a browser issue, you have too look into your browser settings or use the first version of google chrome as they started download when a file was clicked on. (this was updated in newer versions as it is a security risk, this is why they have a save option).
Mar 9 '09 #12
Why not use wget?

No need for a big perl script--assuming you're running *nix.

man wget

You can use it to imitate a browser, including login information and site cookies, while downloading files or webpages.

Example:

Expand|Select|Wrap|Line Numbers
  1.  wget -m -c --convert-links --user="Mister Man" --password=PreTTyPlease --load-cookies cookie.txt  --user-agent="Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0;  Windows NT 5.2)" http://www.your-special-site.com/get-that-archive.zip
You can automate the process via a cronjob on your *nix server to get those files from the remote location.

Of course, there are some security issues with putting your password into a shell command, and anyone with access to your crontab will be able to see it in plain text...but there are some other options if you are needing more security.
Apr 17 '10 #13

Sign in to post your reply or Sign up for a free account.

Similar topics

1
by: Wim Roffil | last post by:
Hi, I have a screencraper application that read webpages with fopen() and then processes them. Now I found a https page that does not require a password. However, I cannot read it with...
6
by: rxl124 | last post by:
someone please please help w/ this one. As I been working on this on and off and it just does not want to work. 1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w 2 3 $file = "/home/user1/dothis"; 4 open(FILE, ">$file");...
4
by: Drew | last post by:
I have been looking all over the web for an example of how to accomplish this. I am trying to download a comma seperated file from a https server. I can't establish the connection - the error reads...
1
by: archana | last post by:
Hi all I am having oen csv file having two columns and some rows. In my first row and second column i have some string say 'aaa'. but for all other rows second column contains some integer...
5
by: DrNoose | last post by:
Hi! I may have made this post several weeks back, but not sure. I have a project due Thurs. The problem is when I copy the file the the local inetpub/wwwroot folder and try to run the aspx...
5
by: mmarlow | last post by:
Hi all, I'm trying to get the contents of a file from a URL using file_get_contents() or file(). It doesn't work, it eventually just times out. It used to display a 'failed to open file' message...
0
by: kmdshuaib | last post by:
Hi, I have created a web application, and i need the total web site to be in https. So i have written the below code in the Page Init of the Master Page to automatically redirect the site from...
8
by: kkshansid | last post by:
external javascript file not working on server <script type="text/javascript" src="../include/common.js"></script> while internal wrking fine <script language="JavaScript"> . . </script> i...
1
by: George Wade | last post by:
As many of you know, if you put an VB6.EXE.Manifest file in the same directory as the VB6.exe file then VB6 IDE will run with the XP look for many of the controls. I got a new computer with...
0
by: Charles Arthur | last post by:
How do i turn on java script on a villaon, callus and itel keypad mobile phone
0
by: ryjfgjl | last post by:
If we have dozens or hundreds of excel to import into the database, if we use the excel import function provided by database editors such as navicat, it will be extremely tedious and time-consuming...
0
by: ryjfgjl | last post by:
In our work, we often receive Excel tables with data in the same format. If we want to analyze these data, it can be difficult to analyze them because the data is spread across multiple Excel files...
0
by: emmanuelkatto | last post by:
Hi All, I am Emmanuel katto from Uganda. I want to ask what challenges you've faced while migrating a website to cloud. Please let me know. Thanks! Emmanuel
0
BarryA
by: BarryA | last post by:
What are the essential steps and strategies outlined in the Data Structures and Algorithms (DSA) roadmap for aspiring data scientists? How can individuals effectively utilize this roadmap to progress...
0
by: Hystou | last post by:
There are some requirements for setting up RAID: 1. The motherboard and BIOS support RAID configuration. 2. The motherboard has 2 or more available SATA protocol SSD/HDD slots (including MSATA, M.2...
0
by: Hystou | last post by:
Most computers default to English, but sometimes we require a different language, especially when relocating. Forgot to request a specific language before your computer shipped? No problem! You can...
0
Oralloy
by: Oralloy | last post by:
Hello folks, I am unable to find appropriate documentation on the type promotion of bit-fields when using the generalised comparison operator "<=>". The problem is that using the GNU compilers,...
0
jinu1996
by: jinu1996 | last post by:
In today's digital age, having a compelling online presence is paramount for businesses aiming to thrive in a competitive landscape. At the heart of this digital strategy lies an intricately woven...

By using Bytes.com and it's services, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

To disable or enable advertisements and analytics tracking please visit the manage ads & tracking page.