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Marking words in a text

Hello

How should I go about marking certain words in a text? I've got a list of
words:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="Mark.xsl"?>
<Words>
<Word>
<Acronym>XML</Acronym>
<Description>eXtensible Markup Language</Description>
</Word>
<Word>
<Acronym>SGML</Acronym>
<Description>Standard Generalized Markup Language</Description>
</Word>
<Word>
<Acronym>ISO</Acronym>
<Description>International Organization for Standardization</Description>
</Word>
</Words>

I want the words (acronyms) above to be marked within bold-tags in the text
below:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"<xsl:output method="xml"
version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" indent="yes"/ <xsl:template match="Words">
XML is a simple, very flexible text format derived from SGML (ISO 8879)
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Can someone help me on my way? :-)
Jun 27 '08 #1
7 1971
Hvid Hat wrote:
I want the words (acronyms) above to be marked within bold-tags in the text
below:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"<xsl:output method="xml"
version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" indent="yes"/ <xsl:template match="Words">
XML is a simple, very flexible text format derived from SGML (ISO 8879)
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>
That "text" is an XSLT stylesheet with output method="xml" so it is not
clear what you want to achieve? Do you want to take your acronym list
and transform it to HTML to be rendered in a browser?

That is possible with

<xsl:stylesheet
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"
version="1.0">

<xsl:output method="html" indent="yes"/>

<xsl:template match="Words">
<html lang="en">
<head>
<title>List of Acronymns</title>
<style tyype="text/css">
dt { font-weight: bold; }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<dl>
<xsl:apply-templates select="Word"/>
</dl>
</body>
</html>
</xsl:template>

<xsl:template match="Word">
<dt>
<xsl:value-of select="Acronym"/>
</dt>
<dd>
<xsl:value-of select="Description"/>
</dd>
</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

--

Martin Honnen
http://JavaScript.FAQTs.com/
Jun 27 '08 #2
Hvid Hat wrote:
Hello

How should I go about marking certain words in a text? I've got a list of
words:
If you mean you want to automate the application of markup to a
document, by matching each word against your list of acronyms, then it's
probably possible in XSLT (easier in XSLT2 than 1.0) but difficult when
you need to handle things like "in XML's model" where the "word" is not
delimited by spaces or markup boundaries. You'd have to use a recursive
template to isolate each word in turn and test it against your list,
which would be slow.

///Peter

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="Mark.xsl"?>
<Words>
<Word>
<Acronym>XML</Acronym>
<Description>eXtensible Markup Language</Description>
</Word>
<Word>
<Acronym>SGML</Acronym>
<Description>Standard Generalized Markup Language</Description>
</Word>
<Word>
<Acronym>ISO</Acronym>
<Description>International Organization for Standardization</Description>
</Word>
</Words>

I want the words (acronyms) above to be marked within bold-tags in the text
below:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"<xsl:output method="xml"
version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" indent="yes"/ <xsl:template match="Words">
XML is a simple, very flexible text format derived from SGML (ISO 8879)
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Can someone help me on my way? :-)
Jun 27 '08 #3
Peter Flynn wrote:
You'd have to use a recursive
template to isolate each word in turn and test it against your list,
which would be slow.
Or have the stylesheet invoke an extension function written in a
language better suited to this task.

Personally, I think you should make this the author's responsibility.
Maybe use the (slow) find-words-and-tag-them as an authoring tool to
help them do so... but encourage them to use appropriate markup in the
first place rather than trying to reverse-engineer their text.
Jun 27 '08 #4
On 11-04-2008 21:12:48, Peter Flynn wrote:
If you mean you want to automate the application of markup to a
document, by matching each word against your list of acronyms, then it's
probably possible in XSLT (easier in XSLT2 than 1.0) but difficult when
you need to handle things like "in XML's model" where the "word" is not
delimited by spaces or markup boundaries. You'd have to use a recursive
template to isolate each word in turn and test it against your list,
which would be slow.
I'm just playing around with XSLT to improve my skills so the performance is
not important. I'll give it a try but if anyone can help me on my way, I'd be
appreciated :-)

What if I wanted to mark up relating words in some text? Say I wanted to mark
up countries consiting of more words, e.g. Faroe Islands, South Africa, New
Zealand etc. Then I couldn't isolate each word in the text and make a
comparision. Would I have to use a mix of contains, substring-before,
substring-after?
Jun 27 '08 #5
On 11-04-2008 23:15:56, "Joseph J. Kesselman" wrote:
Peter Flynn wrote:
Or have the stylesheet invoke an extension function written in a
language better suited to this task.
I've written a few small extension functions in C#. I thought about writing
an extension function to solve the problem. Any ideas on how to approach the
problem. Create a comma-separated list of the words and pass the word list
and the text to an extension function and have the function mark up the words
and return the marked up text? Is it possible to access the XML containing
the words from the extension function so I could make a List<stringwithin
my extension function? Perhaps send the XML containing the words as a node
set or something. Does it make sense? :-)
Personally, I think you should make this the author's responsibility.
Maybe use the (slow) find-words-and-tag-them as an authoring tool to
help them do so... but encourage them to use appropriate markup in the
first place rather than trying to reverse-engineer their text.
I agree. I would make it an authoring tool but currently I'm just playing
around with XSLT to improve my skills.

Jun 27 '08 #6
Hvid Hat wrote:
What if I wanted to mark up relating words in some text?
This is a programming problem first, then an XSLT problem. Figure out
how you would solve it in any other programming language, so you have
the problem well-formed and well-understood. Then figure out how to
solve it nonprocedurally. Then implement that in XSLT... or decide not
to do so, if it really isn't a problem well-suited to XSLT (as this may
not be.)
Jun 27 '08 #7
Hvid Hat wrote:
On 11-04-2008 21:12:48, Peter Flynn wrote:
>If you mean you want to automate the application of markup to a
document, by matching each word against your list of acronyms, then it's
probably possible in XSLT (easier in XSLT2 than 1.0) but difficult when
you need to handle things like "in XML's model" where the "word" is not
delimited by spaces or markup boundaries. You'd have to use a recursive
template to isolate each word in turn and test it against your list,
which would be slow.

I'm just playing around with XSLT to improve my skills so the performance is
not important. I'll give it a try but if anyone can help me on my way, I'd be
appreciated :-)

What if I wanted to mark up relating words in some text? Say I wanted to mark
up countries consiting of more words, e.g. Faroe Islands, South Africa, New
Zealand etc. Then I couldn't isolate each word in the text and make a
comparision. Would I have to use a mix of contains, substring-before,
substring-after?
No, you'd pay someone to open the document in an XML editor and do it by
hand.

Really. If you want to apply reliable content markup on names (people,
places, things), it's a *human* task.

///Peter
Jun 27 '08 #8

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