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Leaking ToolTips

P: n/a
I'm working on a C# Windows Forms application that is leaking memory.
I've been using the SciTech NetMem Profiler 2 (A really great tool,
BTW) to track down leaks. I've found one related to ToolTips that I've
been unable to fix.

We have a base form, from which we add and remove panels. When
created, the panels create tooltips which they associate with
themselves. When removed, the panels and their tooltips are Disposed.
The disposed tooltips are never garbage collected, though, because
there is a chain of delegates back to the base form referencing them.

Try as I might, I can't get the tooltip to unregister its delegates
when it is disposed. Either tooltips have a leak, or I'm not using or
disposing the tooltip correctly, I'm not sure which.

It would be very difficult to let the base form manage the tooltips,
because it doesn't know anything about the panels which are being
attached to it.

I've attached an extremely simplified test application which leaks
toolstips and illustrates the problem. To see the problem, run it
under the SciTech NetMem Profiler, and click the "Create/Dispose
MyPanel" button a few times (and see the tootips come and go). Then
press the "Collect Garbage" button and snapshot the heap. You'll see
that disposed MyPanels are gone, but disposed tooltips aren't.

Google won't let me add an attachment, so email me if you want a
zipped up solution file. Any help in resolving this problem would be
greatly appreciated.
Best regards,

David Ei
email: de******@eieioh.net

---------------------------------------------------------------------

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;

namespace ToolTipLeak
{
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
private System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip toolTip1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
private ToolTipLeak.MyPanel panel1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button button2;
private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components;

public Form1()
{
InitializeComponent();
InitializeMyPanel();
toolTip1.SetToolTip(this, "hi there");
}

private void InitializeMyPanel()
{
this.panel1 = new ToolTipLeak.MyPanel();
this.panel1.BackColor =
System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlLightLight;
this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 48);
this.panel1.Name = "panel1";
this.Controls.Add(this.panel1);
this.panel1.TabIndex = 1;
}

protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
components = null;
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code
/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
this.toolTip1 = new
System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip(this.components);
this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// toolTip1
//
this.toolTip1.ShowAlways = true;
//
// button1
//
this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 176);
this.button1.Name = "button1";
this.button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 23);
this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
this.button1.Text = "Dispose Panel";
this.button1.Click += new
System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
//
// button2
//
this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 224);
this.button2.Name = "button2";
this.button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 23);
this.button2.TabIndex = 1;
this.button2.Text = "Collect Garbage";
this.button2.Click += new
System.EventHandler(this.button2_Click);
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
this.Controls.Add(this.button2);
this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "Form1";
this.ResumeLayout(false);

}
#endregion

[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
if (panel1 != null)
{
panel1.Dispose();
this.Controls.Remove(panel1);
panel1 = null;
this.button1.Text = "Create Panel";
}
else
{
InitializeMyPanel();
this.button1.Text = "Dispose Panel";
}
}

private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
System.GC.Collect();
System.GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();
System.GC.Collect();
System.GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();
}
}

public class MyPanel : System.Windows.Forms.Panel
{
private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components;
private System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip toolTip2;

public MyPanel()
{
this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();

this.toolTip2 = new
System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip(this.components);
toolTip2.SetToolTip(this, "Am I owned by MyPanel?");
toolTip2.ShowAlways = true;
}

protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
{
if (toolTip2 != null)
{
this.components.Remove(toolTip2);
toolTip2.RemoveAll();
toolTip2.Dispose();
toolTip2 = null;
}
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
components = null;
}

base.Dispose (disposing);
}
}
}
Jul 21 '05 #1
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1 Reply


P: n/a
"David Ei" <de******@eieioh.net> wrote in message
news:9d**************************@posting.google.c om...
I'm working on a C# Windows Forms application that is leaking memory.
I've been using the SciTech NetMem Profiler 2 (A really great tool,
BTW) to track down leaks. I've found one related to ToolTips that I've
been unable to fix.
Yep, we use it, it's very good.

We have a base form, from which we add and remove panels. When
created, the panels create tooltips which they associate with
themselves. When removed, the panels and their tooltips are Disposed.
The disposed tooltips are never garbage collected, though, because
there is a chain of delegates back to the base form referencing them.
Yes. If you decompile the ToolTip class, it looks like whoever wrote it
copied the event connection code to where they wanted to disconnect, but
forgot to change the += to -=.

Try as I might, I can't get the tooltip to unregister its delegates
when it is disposed. Either tooltips have a leak, or I'm not using or
disposing the tooltip correctly, I'm not sure which.

It would be very difficult to let the base form manage the tooltips,
because it doesn't know anything about the panels which are being
attached to it.

I've attached an extremely simplified test application which leaks
toolstips and illustrates the problem. To see the problem, run it
under the SciTech NetMem Profiler, and click the "Create/Dispose
MyPanel" button a few times (and see the tootips come and go). Then
press the "Collect Garbage" button and snapshot the heap. You'll see
that disposed MyPanels are gone, but disposed tooltips aren't.

Google won't let me add an attachment, so email me if you want a
zipped up solution file. Any help in resolving this problem would be
greatly appreciated.
I wrote a very simple tooltip class which has the minimum functionality that
I need (GetToolTip, SetToolTip), that replaces the SWF one. It involves
P/Invoking to SendMessage, using the TTM_ADDTOOL etc messages.

I can probably post the code if that will help, but bear in mind (a) I only
wrote it yesterday so it hasn't been properly tested (b) I don't know how it
will interact with the designer and (c) my knowledge of Win32 is pretty poor
so my solution may well have problems of its own.

Stu


Best regards,

David Ei
email: de******@eieioh.net

---------------------------------------------------------------------

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;

namespace ToolTipLeak
{
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
private System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip toolTip1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
private ToolTipLeak.MyPanel panel1;
private System.Windows.Forms.Button button2;
private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components;

public Form1()
{
InitializeComponent();
InitializeMyPanel();
toolTip1.SetToolTip(this, "hi there");
}

private void InitializeMyPanel()
{
this.panel1 = new ToolTipLeak.MyPanel();
this.panel1.BackColor =
System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlLightLight;
this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 48);
this.panel1.Name = "panel1";
this.Controls.Add(this.panel1);
this.panel1.TabIndex = 1;
}

protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if( disposing )
{
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
components = null;
}
}
base.Dispose( disposing );
}

#region Windows Form Designer generated code
/// <summary>
/// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{
this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();
this.toolTip1 = new
System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip(this.components);
this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
this.SuspendLayout();
//
// toolTip1
//
this.toolTip1.ShowAlways = true;
//
// button1
//
this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 176);
this.button1.Name = "button1";
this.button1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 23);
this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
this.button1.Text = "Dispose Panel";
this.button1.Click += new
System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
//
// button2
//
this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 224);
this.button2.Name = "button2";
this.button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 23);
this.button2.TabIndex = 1;
this.button2.Text = "Collect Garbage";
this.button2.Click += new
System.EventHandler(this.button2_Click);
//
// Form1
//
this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
this.Controls.Add(this.button2);
this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
this.Name = "Form1";
this.Text = "Form1";
this.ResumeLayout(false);

}
#endregion

[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.Run(new Form1());
}

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
if (panel1 != null)
{
panel1.Dispose();
this.Controls.Remove(panel1);
panel1 = null;
this.button1.Text = "Create Panel";
}
else
{
InitializeMyPanel();
this.button1.Text = "Dispose Panel";
}
}

private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
System.GC.Collect();
System.GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();
System.GC.Collect();
System.GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();
}
}

public class MyPanel : System.Windows.Forms.Panel
{
private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components;
private System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip toolTip2;

public MyPanel()
{
this.components = new System.ComponentModel.Container();

this.toolTip2 = new
System.Windows.Forms.ToolTip(this.components);
toolTip2.SetToolTip(this, "Am I owned by MyPanel?");
toolTip2.ShowAlways = true;
}

protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
{
if (toolTip2 != null)
{
this.components.Remove(toolTip2);
toolTip2.RemoveAll();
toolTip2.Dispose();
toolTip2 = null;
}
if (components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
components = null;
}

base.Dispose (disposing);
}
}
}

Jul 21 '05 #2

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