By using this site, you agree to our updated Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. Manage your Cookies Settings.
429,365 Members | 3,180 Online
Bytes IT Community
+ Ask a Question
Need help? Post your question and get tips & solutions from a community of 429,365 IT Pros & Developers. It's quick & easy.

Limit <textarea> length without losing caret position

P: n/a
I need to emulate the missing "maxlegth" attribute in "textarea" fields
but all my Google searches either lead to obsolete scripts that
overwrite the "value" property (thus losing caret position) or to
complex solutions that work on top of specific frameworks.

Do you have some reference on how to do it? I'd like to make it work in
at least Firefox and IE 6 and 7.

Thank you in advance,
--
-- http://alvaro.es - Álvaro G. Vicario - Burgos, Spain
-- Mi sitio sobre programación web: http://bits.demogracia.com
-- Mi web de humor al baño María: http://www.demogracia.com
--
Jun 27 '08 #1
Share this Question
Share on Google+
7 Replies


P: n/a
TRY...

<script type="text/javascript">
function cutLength(e,el,max)
{
if(el.value.length>max)
{
return false;
}else{
return true;
}
}
</script>
<form>
<input type="text" onkeypress="return cutLength(event,this,10)" /--
limit to 10 characters<br/>

<textarea onkeypress="return cutLength(event,this,100)"></textarea--
limit to 100 characters<br/>
</form>
....How ever, this wont stop people cutting and pasting in over the
limit, it will only stop people when typing normally.

Graham
Jun 27 '08 #2

P: n/a
Laser Lips escribió:
<script type="text/javascript">
function cutLength(e,el,max)
{
if(el.value.length>max)
{
return false;
}else{
return true;
}
}
[...]
<textarea onkeypress="return cutLength(event,this,100)"></textarea--
[...]
...How ever, this wont stop people cutting and pasting in over the
limit, it will only stop people when typing normally.
It's an idea but it needs quite polishing: in Firefox, once you hit the
limit you can't use the arrow keys or delete with keyboard. And the
clipboard issue would be a problem :( Anyway, thanks for the hint.

I can think of two approaches:

1. Listening to textarea events: if an event will result in value being
changed, then cancel the event.

2. Good old "if value too large then cut value" with caret position
handling: save position, cut text and restore position.

Both look like a lot of work.. *gasp*
--
-- http://alvaro.es - Álvaro G. Vicario - Burgos, Spain
-- Mi sitio sobre programación web: http://bits.demogracia.com
-- Mi web de humor al baño María: http://www.demogracia.com
--
Jun 27 '08 #3

P: n/a
On May 9, 8:57*am, "Álvaro G. Vicario"
<alvaroNOSPAMTHA...@demogracia.comwrote:
Laser Lips escribió:
<script type="text/javascript">
function cutLength(e,el,max)
{
* *if(el.value.length>max)
* *{
* * * * * *return false;
* *}else{
* * * * * *return true;
* *}
}
[...]
<textarea onkeypress="return cutLength(event,this,100)"></textarea--
[...]
...How ever, this wont stop people cutting and pasting in over the
limit, it will only stop people when typing normally.

It's an idea but it needs quite polishing: in Firefox, once you hit the
limit you can't use the arrow keys or delete with keyboard. And the
clipboard issue would be a problem :( Anyway, thanks for the hint.

I can think of two approaches:

1. Listening to textarea events: if an event will result in value being
changed, then cancel the event.

2. Good old "if value too large then cut value" with caret position
handling: save position, cut text and restore position.

Both look like a lot of work.. *gasp*

--
--http://alvaro.es- Álvaro G. Vicario - Burgos, Spain
-- Mi sitio sobre programación web:http://bits.demogracia.com
-- Mi web de humor al baño María:http://www.demogracia.com
--
This doesn't work?

<script type="text/javascript">
function getCaretPosition (ctrl) {
var caretPos = 0;
if (document.selection) {
ctrl.focus ();
var Sel = document.selection.createRange ();
Sel.moveStart ('character', -ctrl.value.length);
caretPos = Sel.text.length;
}
else if (ctrl.selectionStart || ctrl.selectionStart == '0') {
caretPos = ctrl.selectionStart;
}
return caretPos;
}
function setCaretPosition(ctrl, pos) {
if(ctrl.setSelectionRange) {
ctrl.focus();
ctrl.setSelectionRange(pos,pos);
}
else if (ctrl.createTextRange) {
var range = ctrl.createTextRange();
range.collapse(true);
range.moveEnd('character', pos);
range.moveStart('character', pos);
range.select();
}
}

function checkMax(element, max) {
var caretpos = getCaretPosition(element);
var value = element.value;
if (value.length max) {
value = value.substring(0, max);
}
element.value = value;
setCaretPosition(element, caretpos);
}
</script>
...
<textarea cols="5" rows="50" onkeyup="checkMax(this, 25);"></textarea>

Jun 27 '08 #4

P: n/a
In comp.lang.javascript message <7c50f285-c43f-4f29-9d36-b4bb5ae7a922@f3
6g2000hsa.googlegroups.com>, Fri, 9 May 2008 05:07:21, Laser Lips
<lo*********@gmail.composted:

The advice of anyone who posts this code
>function cutLength(e,el,max)
{
if(el.value.length>max)
{
return false;
}else{
return true;
}
}
rather than

function cutLength(e, el, max) { return el.value.length <= max }

is unlikely to be worth considering.

--
(c) John Stockton, nr London UK. ??*@merlyn.demon.co.uk Turnpike v6.05 MIME.
Web <URL:http://www.merlyn.demon.co.uk/- FAQish topics, acronyms, & links.
Check boilerplate spelling -- error is a public sign of incompetence.
Never fully trust an article from a poster who gives no full real name.
Jun 27 '08 #5

P: n/a
Tom Cole escribió:
This doesn't work?

<script type="text/javascript">
function getCaretPosition (ctrl) {
var caretPos = 0;
[...]

It works badly in IE 6. However, it contains some good ideas. If I can't
find a prewritten script and I have to write mine, I'll take them into
account.
--
-- http://alvaro.es - Álvaro G. Vicario - Burgos, Spain
-- Mi sitio sobre programación web: http://bits.demogracia.com
-- Mi web de humor al baño María: http://www.demogracia.com
--
Jun 27 '08 #6

P: n/a
On May 13, 3:51 pm, "Álvaro G. Vicario"
<alvaroNOSPAMTHA...@demogracia.comwrote:
Tom Cole escribió:This doesn't work?
<script type="text/javascript">
function getCaretPosition (ctrl) {
var caretPos = 0;

[...]

It works badly in IE 6. However, it contains some good ideas. If I can't
find a prewritten script and I have to write mine, I'll take them into
account.

--
--http://alvaro.es- Álvaro G. Vicario - Burgos, Spain
-- Mi sitio sobre programación web:http://bits.demogracia.com
-- Mi web de humor al baño María:http://www.demogracia.com
--
<script>
function textLimit(field, maxlen)
{
if (field.value.length maxlen)
{
field.value = field.value.substring(0, maxlen); // if the length
is more than the limit (maxlen) then take only the first 'maxlen' no.
of characters
}
return (maxlen - field.value.length); // current value length is
returned back
}
</script>

<textarea onkeyup='textLimit(this,100);return false'></textarea>
Jun 27 '08 #7

P: n/a
pradeep wrote:
<script>
<script type="text/javascript">
function textLimit(field, maxlen)
{
if (field.value.length maxlen)
{
field.value = field.value.substring(0, maxlen); // if the length
is more than the limit (maxlen) then take only the first 'maxlen' no.
of characters
}
return (maxlen - field.value.length); // current value length is
returned back
}
</script>

<textarea onkeyup='textLimit(this,100);return false'></textarea>
| but all my Google searches either lead to obsolete scripts that
| overwrite the "value" property (thus losing caret position)
PointedEars
--
realism: HTML 4.01 Strict
evangelism: XHTML 1.0 Strict
madness: XHTML 1.1 as application/xhtml+xml
-- Bjoern Hoehrmann
Jun 27 '08 #8

This discussion thread is closed

Replies have been disabled for this discussion.