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Dynamic CSS-creation (Firefox)

Hi,
can anybody tell me how you can create a new stylesheet inside a
(X)HTML page with JavaScript and Firefox, if the stylesheet is only
available as a variable value, like:

var CSSStyle = "rect {fill: lightgrey;}
circle {fill: red;}
polyline {fill: none; stroke: red; stroke-width: 0.3;}
text {font-size: 2.5px;}
text.text-x-axis {text-anchor: middle;}
text.text-y-axis {text-anchor: end;}"

So far, the only workaround I found, was to link an empty stylesheet to
the page

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./empty.css"/>

and then use the insertRule method on this stylesheet for every single
rule from the variable (indexOf('}') / substring()).

Thanx
Stefan

Jun 2 '06 #1
3 6343


Capricorn wrote:

can anybody tell me how you can create a new stylesheet inside a
(X)HTML page with JavaScript and Firefox, if the stylesheet is only
available as a variable value, like:

var CSSStyle = "rect {fill: lightgrey;}
circle {fill: red;}
polyline {fill: none; stroke: red; stroke-width: 0.3;}
text {font-size: 2.5px;}
text.text-x-axis {text-anchor: middle;}
text.text-y-axis {text-anchor: end;}"


If you have an XHTML page (served as application/xhtml+xml or
application/xml or text/xml) then you can do e.g.

var styleElement =
document.createElementNS('http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml', 'style');
styleElement.type = 'text/css';
styleElement.appendChild(document.createTextNode(C SSStyle));
var head =
document.documentElement.getElementsByTagNameNS('h ttp://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml',
'head')[0];
if (head != null) {
head.appendChild(styleElement);
}

That works fine here for me with Firefox 1.5 and with some Opera 9 beta
weekly.
--

Martin Honnen
http://JavaScript.FAQTs.com/
Jun 2 '06 #2
That works fine here too. Thanx.

Stefan

"Ich sah den Wald vor lauter Bäumen nicht..."

Jun 2 '06 #3
Capricorn wrote:
Hi,
can anybody tell me how you can create a new stylesheet inside a
(X)HTML page with JavaScript and Firefox, if the stylesheet is only
available as a variable value, like:

var CSSStyle = "rect {fill: lightgrey;}
circle {fill: red;}
polyline {fill: none; stroke: red; stroke-width: 0.3;}
text {font-size: 2.5px;}
text.text-x-axis {text-anchor: middle;}
text.text-y-axis {text-anchor: end;}"

So far, the only workaround I found, was to link an empty stylesheet to
the page


Try the following class which encapsulates a CSSStyleSheet and covers major browser differences (Tested on FF, IE and Opera, YMMV). It allows you to dynamically add and change rules keyed by their selector text, and to enquire upon style attributes of rules.

To use it use:

var sheet = new CSSStyleSheet();
sheet.addRule(".myclass", "background-color:red");
/**
An object which encapsulates a dynamically created, modifiable stylesheet.
*/
function CSSStyleSheet()
{
/**
* The array of rules for this stylesheet.
* @private
*/
this.rules = [];

/**
* An associative array, keyed by the selector text containing the rule index number for
* the rule for that selector text.
* @private
*/
this.ruleIndex = [];

if (document.createStyleSheet)
{
this.sheet = document.createStyleSheet();
}
else
{
this.styleElement = document.createElement("style");
document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(this.styleElement);
this.sheet = this.styleElement.styleSheet ? this.styleElement.styleSheet : this.styleElement.sheet;
}
}

/**
Create a style rule in the stylesheet.
@param selectorText The CSS selector text.
@param ruleText The style specification with or without braces.
*/
CSSStyleSheet.prototype.addRule = function(selectorText, ruleText)
{
var result;

// Opera, and other browsers with no DOM stylesheet support
if (!this.sheet)
{
// Remove braces.
ruleText = ruleText.replace(/^\{?([^\}])/, "$1");

// If it exists, modify it.
if (!this.ruleIndex[selectorText])
this.ruleIndex[selectorText] = this.rules.length;
this.rules[this.ruleIndex[selectorText]] = ruleText;

// Build the innerHTML of the <style> element from our rules.
var cssText = "";
for (var sel in this.ruleIndex)
cssText = sel + " {" + this.rules[this.ruleIndex[sel]] + "}";
this.styleElement.innerHTML = cssText;
}

// IE.
// Each rule object has a style property which contains the style attributes.
else if (this.sheet.addRule)
{
// addRule() requires no braces
ruleText = ruleText.replace(/^\{?([^\}])/, "$1");
var r = this.sheet.rules.length;
this.sheet.addRule(selectorText, ruleText);
result = this.sheet.rules[r];
this.ruleIndex[selectorText] = r;

if (this.rules.length == 0)
this.rules = this.sheet.rules;
}

// DOM standard. Result object contains looks like {cssText:selectorText + " " + ruleText}
// cssText property is readonly. deleteRule(ruleIndex} must be used to remove.
else if (this.sheet.insertRule)
{
// insertRule() requires braces
if (!/^\{[^\}]*\}$/.test(ruleText))
ruleText = "{" + ruleText + "}";

var r = this.sheet.cssRules.length;
this.sheet.insertRule(selectorText + " " + ruleText, r);
result = this.sheet.cssRules[r];
this.ruleIndex[selectorText] = r;

if (this.rules.length == 0)
this.rules = this.sheet.cssRules;
}
else
{
alert("Cannot create rule");
}
return result;
}

/**
* Change a style property in a rule.
* @param selectorText The identifier of the rule to change
* @param property The name of the style property to change
* @param value The new value of the style property.
*/
CSSStyleSheet.prototype.changeRule = function(selectorText, property, value)
{
var index = this.ruleIndex[selectorText];

// If the rule is not present, create it.
if (typeof index == "undefined")
{
this.addRule(selectorText, property + ":" + value);
}

// Opera, and other browsers with no DOM stylesheet support
if (!this.sheet)
{
var cssText = this.rules[index];
if (cssText)
{
var propSearch = new RegExp("^(.*" + property + "\\s*\:\\s*)([^;]*)(.*)$");
var ruleText = propSearch.exec(cssText);
// If the value was in the old rule...
if (ruleText)
{
// And it was different...
if (ruleText[4] != value)
{
this.rules[index] = ruleText[1] + value + ruleText[3];
}
}
else
{
this.rules[index] = cssText + "; " + property + ": " + value + ";";
}

// Rebuild the innerHTML of the <style> element from our rules.
cssText = "";
for (var sel in this.ruleIndex)
cssText = sel + " {" + this.rules[this.ruleIndex[sel]] + "}";
this.styleElement.innerHTML = cssText;
}

var cssText = "";
var cssText = "";
for (var sel in this.ruleIndex)
cssText = sel + " {" + this.rules[this.ruleIndex[sel]] + "}";
}

// rules contain a style object - easy
else if (this.rules[index].style)
{
// Make the property camelCase
var m = /^([^-]*)-([a-z])(.*)$/.exec(property);
while (m)
{
property = m[1] + m[2].toUpperCase() + m[3];
m = /^([^-]*)-([a-z])(.*)$/.exec(property);
}

// Use the style property of the rule.
this.rules[index].style[property] = value;
}

// DOM standard. We must parse the rule, delete, and create a new one.
else if (this.sheet.insertRule)
{
var oldRule = this.rules[index];
if (oldRule)
{
var cssText = oldRule.cssText;
var propSearch = new RegExp("^[^\\{]*(\\{.*" + property + "\\s*\\:\\s*)([^};]*)([^}]*})");
var ruleText = propSearch.exec(cssText);

// If the value was in the old rule...
if (ruleText)
{
// And it was different...
if (ruleText[4] != value)
{
cssText = ruleText[1] + value + ruleText[3];
this.sheet.deleteRule(index);
this.sheet.insertRule(selectorText + " " + cssText, index);
}
}
else
{
var propSearch = new RegExp("\\{([^}]*)}");
ruleText = propSearch.exec(cssText);
cssText = "{ " + ruleText[1] + "; " + property + ": " + value + " }";
this.sheet.deleteRule(index);
this.sheet.insertRule(selectorText + " " + cssText, index);
}
}
}
}

CSSStyleSheet.prototype.getRuleProperty = function(selectorText, property)
{
var index = this.ruleIndex[selectorText];

// If the rule is not present, create it.
if (typeof index == "undefined")
{
return;
}

// Opera, and other browsers with no DOM stylesheet support
if (!this.sheet)
{
var cssText = this.rules[index];
if (cssText)
{
var propSearch = new RegExp("^.*" + property + "\s*\:\s*([^;]*)");
var ruleText = propSearch.exec(cssText);

// If the value was in the old rule...
if (ruleText)
{
return ruleText[1];
}
}
}

// rules contain a style object - easy...
else if (this.rules[index].style)
{
// Make the property camelCase
var m = /^([^-]*)-([a-z])(.*)$/.exec(property);
while (m)
{
property = m[1] + m[2].toUpperCase() + m[3];
m = /^([^-]*)-([a-z])(.*)$/.exec(property);
}
var style = this.rules[index].style;
return style[property];
}

// DOM: We must parse the rule cssText.
else if (this.sheet.insertRule)
{
var oldRule = this.rules[index];
if (oldRule)
{
cssText = oldRule.cssText;
var propSearch = new RegExp("^.*" + property + "\\s*\\:\\s*([^};]*)");
var ruleText = propSearch.exec(cssText);

// If the value was in the old rule...
if (ruleText)
{
return ruleText[1];
}
}
}
}
Jun 3 '06 #4

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