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[C++ Question] For loop Multiple Initialization

Hi C++ users,

for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}

example from: http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?

Thanks!

Charlie
Nov 3 '08 #1
10 58130
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Hash: SHA1

ch*************@gmail.com wrote:
Hi C++ users,

for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}

example from: http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
That way is correct:

for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}

Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.

Pawel Dziepak

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Comment: Using GnuPG with Fedora - http://enigmail.mozdev.org

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Nov 3 '08 #2
On Nov 3, 1:39*pm, Pawel Dziepak <pdzie...@quarnos.orgwrote:
-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA1

charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
Hi C++ users,
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?

That way is correct:

for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}

Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.

Pawel Dziepak
it works!
thanks
>
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Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (GNU/Linux)
Comment: Using GnuPG with Fedora -http://enigmail.mozdev.org

iEYEARECAAYFAkkPb5AACgkQPFW+cUiIHNo4jQCff0Shc8Rmg8 IbW7OYSDPqVu5g
7dsAoLirnTWj3mIPx2eN9mnZPUNBsYi1
=4L+S
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
Nov 3 '08 #3
On Nov 3, 10:29*pm, "charlie.xia....@gmail.com" <lxia....@gmail.com>
wrote:
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
It's not valid in C++ either. Just another case of someone who
doesn't know the language trying to write about it.
Is there multiple initialization in C++?
Sort of. You can only write one declaration statement, but it
can define multiple variables, e.g.:

for ( int i = 0, j = 10 ; ... )

Generally speaking, i'ld avoid it, because it is confusing to
have multiple variables defined in the same declaration. But
there are probably exceptions; I know that some people like:

for ( Container::const_iterator
current = c.begin(), end = c.end() ;
current != end ;
++ current )

I'm not that fond of it, but if you raise it to the level of a
"standard idiom" in your code, I don't think I'd have any real
objections.

--
James Kanze (GABI Software) email:ja*********@gmail.com
Conseils en informatique orientée objet/
Beratung in objektorientierter Datenverarbeitung
9 place Sémard, 78210 St.-Cyr-l'École, France, +33 (0)1 30 23 00 34
Nov 3 '08 #4
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
ch*************@gmail.com wrote:
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
example from: http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
That way is correct:
for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}
Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of
different types in that part of for loop.
for ( int i = 0 , *p = &i ; ... )

:-).

Not that I'd like to maintain code which did such things.

--
James Kanze (GABI Software) email:ja*********@gmail.com
Conseils en informatique orientée objet/
Beratung in objektorientierter Datenverarbeitung
9 place Sémard, 78210 St.-Cyr-l'École, France, +33 (0)1 30 23 00 34
Nov 3 '08 #5
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
ch*************@gmail.com wrote:
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}

example from: http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?

That way is correct:

for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}

Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.
I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:

double d;
int* p;
for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...
Nov 4 '08 #6
On 2008-11-03 23:03:16 -0500, bl********@gishpuppy.com (blargg) said:
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
>ch*************@gmail.com wrote:
>>for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}

example from: http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?

That way is correct:

for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}

Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.

I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:

double d;
int* p;
for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...
Or, less cryptically,

double d;
int *p;
char c;
for (c = 'X', d = 1.234, p = new int; ...

Now, technically, that's not initialization, but it may well be what
was actually meant.

--
Pete
Roundhouse Consulting, Ltd. (www.versatilecoding.com) Author of "The
Standard C++ Library Extensions: a Tutorial and Reference
(www.petebecker.com/tr1book)

Nov 4 '08 #7
But actually I want these variables only in the scope of for loop.
Keep the initialization and increment in the for statement is the only
neat way I can think of.
Isn't it?
On Nov 4, 2:20*am, Pete Becker <p...@versatilecoding.comwrote:
On 2008-11-03 23:03:16 -0500, blargg....@gishpuppy.com (blargg) said:
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
>example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
That way is correct:
for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}
Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.
I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:
* * double d;
* * int* p;
* * for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...

Or, less cryptically,

double d;
int *p;
char c;
for (c = 'X', d = 1.234, p = new int; ...

Now, technically, that's not initialization, but it may well be what
was actually meant.

--
* Pete
Roundhouse Consulting, Ltd. (www.versatilecoding.com) Author of "The
Standard C++ Library Extensions: a Tutorial and Reference
(www.petebecker.com/tr1book)
Nov 6 '08 #8
On 2008-11-06 12:16:21 -0500, "ch*************@gmail.com"
<lx******@gmail.comsaid:
On Nov 4, 2:20Â*am, Pete Becker <p...@versatilecoding.comwrote:
>On 2008-11-03 23:03:16 -0500, blargg....@gishpuppy.com (blargg) said:
>>Pawel Dziepak wrote:
charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
>>>>example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
>>>That way is correct:
>>>for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}
>>>Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.
>>I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:
>>Â* Â* double d;
Â* Â* int* p;
Â* Â* for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...

Or, less cryptically,

double d;
int *p;
char c;
for (c = 'X', d = 1.234, p = new int; ...

Now, technically, that's not initialization, but it may well be what
was actually meant.
But actually I want these variables only in the scope of for loop.
Keep the initialization and increment in the for statement is the only
neat way I can think of.
Isn't it?
You can't have everything. In general, though, a for loop that requires
three loop control variables is almost certainly a mistake.

--
Pete
Roundhouse Consulting, Ltd. (www.versatilecoding.com) Author of "The
Standard C++ Library Extensions: a Tutorial and Reference
(www.petebecker.com/tr1book)

Nov 6 '08 #9
ch*************@gmail.com wrote:
On Nov 4, 2:20 am, Pete Becker <p...@versatilecoding.comwrote:
On 2008-11-03 23:03:16 -0500, blargg....@gishpuppy.com (blargg) said:
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
>charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
>>for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
>>example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
>>Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
>>Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
>That way is correct:
>for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}
>Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
>types in that part of for loop.
I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:
double d;
int* p;
for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...
Or, less cryptically,

double d;
int *p;
char c;
for (c = 'X', d = 1.234, p = new int; ...

Now, technically, that's not initialization, but it may well be what
was actually meant.

But actually I want these variables only in the scope of for loop.
Keep the initialization and increment in the for statement is the only
neat way I can think of.
Isn't it?
The for loop is for common loops that have a single variable that is
initialized, tested, and advanced. If it were made to handle every
possible loop, it would lose its usefulness. In fact, such a more general
loop construct already exists as a combination of a compound statement
({}) with a while or do-while loop in it. What do you gain by trying to
jam complicated things into a for loop anyway?

Also, please don't top-post, and don't quote signatures (see
<http://www.netmeister.org/news/learn2quote.html>).
Nov 7 '08 #10
On Nov 7, 1:08*am, blargg....@gishpuppy.com (blargg) wrote:
charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
On Nov 4, 2:20 am, Pete Becker <p...@versatilecoding.comwrote:
On 2008-11-03 23:03:16 -0500, blargg....@gishpuppy.com (blargg) said:
Pawel Dziepak wrote:
charlie.xia....@gmail.com wrote:
>for(int i=0,int j=10 ; i<5&&j<10 ; i++ , j--) {}
>example from:http://www.tech-faq.com/iterations.shtml
>Is not valid in my eclipse cdt.
>Is there multiple initialization in C++? How can we use that?
That way is correct:
for (int i=0, j=10; i<5 && j<10; i++, j--) {}
Unless I'm wrong, there's no way to initialize variables of different
types in that part of for loop.
I'll probably regret this, but I believe you can:
* * double d;
* * int* p;
* * for ( char c = (d = 1.234, p = new int, 'X'); ...
Or, less cryptically,
double d;
int *p;
char c;
for (c = 'X', d = 1.234, p = new int; ...
Now, technically, that's not initialization, but it may well be what
was actually meant.
But actually I want these variables only in the scope of for loop.
Keep the initialization and increment in the for statement is the only
neat way I can think of.
Isn't it?

The for loop is for common loops that have a single variable that is
initialized, tested, and advanced. If it were made to handle every
possible loop, it would lose its usefulness. In fact, such a more general
loop construct already exists as a combination of a compound statement
({}) with a while or do-while loop in it. What do you gain by trying to
jam complicated things into a for loop anyway?

Also, please don't top-post, and don't quote signatures (see
<http://www.netmeister.org/news/learn2quote.html>).
Good to know. Thanks all.
Nov 14 '08 #11

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