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fprintf format specifiers

Good Day,

Is there a way to print 8 bytes in a line in a file using
fprintf...like this

12 76 89 76 86 34 98 08
A4..............................

Oct 12 '06 #1
9 3665
Harry said:
Good Day,

Is there a way to print 8 bytes in a line in a file using
fprintf...like this

12 76 89 76 86 34 98 08
A4..............................
Nope. But of course you can do something like this:

int ch;
int i = 0;
while((ch = getc(fpin)) != EOF)
{
fprintf(fpout, " %02X", ch);
if(++i % 8 == 0)
{
i = 0;
putc('\n', fpout);
}
}
if(i 0)
{
putc('\n', fpout);
}
--
Richard Heathfield
"Usenet is a strange place" - dmr 29/7/1999
http://www.cpax.org.uk
email: rjh at above domain (but drop the www, obviously)
Oct 12 '06 #2
Richard Heathfield wrote:
Harry said:
>Good Day,

Is there a way to print 8 bytes in a line in a file using
fprintf...like this

12 76 89 76 86 34 98 08
A4..............................

Nope. But of course you can do something like this:
Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);

Assuming he wanted a hexadecimal representation of each
of the individual byte values.
int ch;
int i = 0;
while((ch = getc(fpin)) != EOF)
{
fprintf(fpout, " %02X", ch);
if(++i % 8 == 0)
{
i = 0;
putc('\n', fpout);
}
}
if(i 0)
{
putc('\n', fpout);
}
Oct 12 '06 #3
"Nils O. Selåsdal" said:
Richard Heathfield wrote:
>Harry said:
>>Good Day,

Is there a way to print 8 bytes in a line in a file using
fprintf...like this

12 76 89 76 86 34 98 08
A4..............................

Nope. But of course you can do something like this:
Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);
....er, oh yeah, so he can. :-)

--
Richard Heathfield
"Usenet is a strange place" - dmr 29/7/1999
http://www.cpax.org.uk
email: rjh at above domain (but drop the www, obviously)
Oct 12 '06 #4
Richard Heathfield wrote:
Harry said:
Is there a way to print 8 bytes in a line in a file using
fprintf...like this

12 76 89 76 86 34 98 08
A4..............................

Nope. But of course you can do something like this:

int ch;
int i = 0;
while((ch = getc(fpin)) != EOF)
{
fprintf(fpout, " %02X", ch);
if(++i % 8 == 0)
{
i = 0;
putc('\n', fpout);
}
}
if(i 0)
{
putc('\n', fpout);
}
How about:

char b[8];
...
fprintf(fpout, "%02x", b[0]);
for (i = 1, i < 8; i++) fprintf(fpout, " %02x", b[i]);
putc(fpout, '\n');

or

fprintf(fpout, "%02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x\j",
b[0], b[1], b[2], b[3], b[4], b[5], b[6], b[7]);

--
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<http://www.geocities.com/nnqweb/>
<http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html>
<http://www.caliburn.nl/topposting.html>
<http://www.netmeister.org/news/learn2quote.html>
<http://cfaj.freeshell.org/google/>
Oct 12 '06 #5
Richard Heathfield <in*****@invalid.invalidwrote:
Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);
...er, oh yeah, so he can. :-)
Yes, but what about the (likelier) case where the file has a number of
bytes that isn't a multiple of 8? Your original version handled that
easily; the suggested version less so. I'm presuming, possibly
incorrectly, that fprintf() is expensive relative to sprintf(), so
perhaps something like this would be good (criticisms welcome):

#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>

#define BYTES_PER_LINE 8

int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
{
char outbuf[3*BYTES_PER_LINE+1], *bufptr;
int inchar, count=0;
FILE *fpin, *fpout;

assert( argc 2 );
assert( (fpin = fopen(argv[1],"r")) != NULL );
assert( (fpout = fopen(argv[2],"w")) != NULL );
bufptr = outbuf;
while( (inchar=fgetc(fpin)) != EOF ) {
bufptr += sprintf( bufptr, "%02X ", inchar ); /* assume success */
if( ++count % BYTES_PER_LINE == 0 ) {
*(bufptr-1)='\n';
fputs( outbuf, fpout );
bufptr = outbuf;
}
}
if( bufptr != outbuf ) {
*(bufptr-1)='\n';
fputs( outbuf, fpout );
}
assert( !fclose(fpin) );
assert( !fclose(fpout) );
return 0;
}

--
C. Benson Manica | I *should* know what I'm talking about - if I
cbmanica(at)gmail.com | don't, I need to know. Flames welcome.
Oct 12 '06 #6
Christopher Benson-Manica said:
Richard Heathfield <in*****@invalid.invalidwrote:
Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);
>...er, oh yeah, so he can. :-)

Yes, but what about the (likelier) case where the file has a number of
bytes that isn't a multiple of 8? Your original version handled that
easily;
Naturellement...
the suggested version less so.
....mais, m'sieur, le question originale ne called pas for une solution
generale. Il merely required pour huit bytes to be ecri a stdout, oui?
I'm presuming, possibly
incorrectly, that fprintf() is expensive relative to sprintf(), so
perhaps something like this would be good (criticisms welcome):

#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>

#define BYTES_PER_LINE 8

int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
{
char outbuf[3*BYTES_PER_LINE+1], *bufptr;
I'd be tempted to make the "bytes per line" value configurable at runtime.
int inchar, count=0;
FILE *fpin, *fpout;

assert( argc 2 );
assert( (fpin = fopen(argv[1],"r")) != NULL );
assert( (fpout = fopen(argv[2],"w")) != NULL );
Three consecutive poor uses of assert. (I suspect you know this. I'm merely
heads-upping for newbies' benefit.)
bufptr = outbuf;
while( (inchar=fgetc(fpin)) != EOF ) {
bufptr += sprintf( bufptr, "%02X ", inchar ); /* assume success */
if( ++count % BYTES_PER_LINE == 0 ) {
*(bufptr-1)='\n';
Does that overwrite the null terminator? I haven't checked, and perhaps it
doesn't, but the safety of the code is not obvious at a (cursory) glance.
fputs( outbuf, fpout );
bufptr = outbuf;
}
}
if( bufptr != outbuf ) {
*(bufptr-1)='\n';
fputs( outbuf, fpout );
}
assert( !fclose(fpin) );
assert( !fclose(fpout) );
Two more poor uses of assert. If you must do this, spin them around. If you
can't close the input file, it would be good to at least have had a stab at
closing the output file before the abort.

--
Richard Heathfield
"Usenet is a strange place" - dmr 29/7/1999
http://www.cpax.org.uk
email: rjh at above domain (but drop the www, obviously)
Oct 12 '06 #7

"Christopher Benson-Manica" <at***@otaku.freeshell.orgwrote in message
news:eg**********@chessie.cirr.com...
Richard Heathfield <in*****@invalid.invalidwrote:
Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);
...er, oh yeah, so he can. :-)

Yes, but what about the (likelier) case where the file has a number of
bytes that isn't a multiple of 8? Your original version handled that
easily; the suggested version less so. I'm presuming, possibly
incorrectly, that fprintf() is expensive relative to sprintf(), so
perhaps something like this would be good (criticisms welcome):
In that case, you'd use fread() with the size of a fixed buffer. fread()
will return the quantity read. This will either be the size of the buffer,
or a smaller quantity. So, you need two printing loops: one for the entire
buffer, and one for the remaining bytes. Both of which have been shown.
Rod Pemberton
Oct 13 '06 #8
On Fri, 13 Oct 2006, Rod Pemberton wrote:
>
"Christopher Benson-Manica" <at***@otaku.freeshell.orgwrote in message
news:eg**********@chessie.cirr.com...
>Richard Heathfield <in*****@invalid.invalidwrote:
>>>Well - one could read 8 bytes, and do
fprintf(fpout, "%02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
buf[0],buf[1],buf[2],buf[3],buf[4],buf[5],buf[6],buf[7]);
>>...er, oh yeah, so he can. :-)

Yes, but what about the (likelier) case where the file has a number of
bytes that isn't a multiple of 8? Your original version handled that
easily; the suggested version less so. I'm presuming, possibly
incorrectly, that fprintf() is expensive relative to sprintf(), so
perhaps something like this would be good (criticisms welcome):

In that case, you'd use fread() with the size of a fixed buffer. fread()
will return the quantity read. This will either be the size of the buffer,
or a smaller quantity. So, you need two printing loops: one for the entire
buffer, and one for the remaining bytes. Both of which have been shown.
In theory one could also use Duff's device:

int n = (count + 7) / 8;

switch (count % 8) {
case 0: do { printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 7: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 6: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 5: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 4: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 3: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 2: printf("%02X ", *from++);
case 1: printf("%02X ", *from++);
putchar('\n');
} while (--n 0);
}

Tak-Shing
Oct 13 '06 #9
Richard Heathfield <in*****@invalid.invalidwrote:
...mais, m'sieur, le question originale ne called pas for une solution
generale. Il merely required pour huit bytes to be ecri a stdout, oui?
Ah, le Francais, le langue d'amour! It sounds like you remember as
much of it as I do ;-) (Tu as raison.)
I'd be tempted to make the "bytes per line" value configurable at runtime.
A rare time to give oneself over to the seductive whisperings of
temptation with nary a pang of guilt...
Three consecutive poor uses of assert. (I suspect you know this. I'm merely
heads-upping for newbies' benefit.)
Right, they were quick cover-my-bases hacks.
while( (inchar=fgetc(fpin)) != EOF ) {
bufptr += sprintf( bufptr, "%02X ", inchar ); /* assume success */
if( ++count % BYTES_PER_LINE == 0 ) {
*(bufptr-1)='\n';
Does that overwrite the null terminator? I haven't checked, and perhaps it
doesn't, but the safety of the code is not obvious at a (cursory) glance.
No, bufptr points to the null terminator, assuming per the comment
that sprintf() doesn't do anything unexpected; the code overwrites
the last space in the string. The fact that it wasn't obvious to
you probably means it isn't the best plan, but it does work.
Two more poor uses of assert. If you must do this, spin them around. If you
can't close the input file, it would be good to at least have had a stab at
closing the output file before the abort.
Agreed, thank you.

--
C. Benson Manica | I *should* know what I'm talking about - if I
cbmanica(at)gmail.com | don't, I need to know. Flames welcome.
Oct 13 '06 #10

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