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\x used with no following hex digits

Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
.. But in each and every case it is giving an error :

test.c:16:9 : \x used with no following hex digits

*********Test.c****************
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <wchar.h>

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
int i;
unsigned char mbBuf[16] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
for(i=0;i<16;i++)
printf("\x%02",mbBuf[i]);
}

Need help !!

Jul 31 '06 #1
14 10738
In article <11**********************@m79g2000cwm.googlegroups .com>,
<ab*****@gmail.comwrote:
I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
> printf("\x%02",mbBuf[i]);
printf("\\x%02",mbBuf[i]);

When you want a \ to appear in the output string, you have to
escape the \ by doubling it.
--
"No one has the right to destroy another person's belief by
demanding empirical evidence." -- Ann Landers
Jul 31 '06 #2
ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
. But in each and every case it is giving an error :
[OP's code at EOM]

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
unsigned i, n = sizeof mbBuf - 1;
for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2)
printf("\\x%c%c", mbBuf[i], mbBuf[i + 1]);
return 0;
}

[OP's code]
test.c:16:9 : \x used with no following hex digits

*********Test.c****************
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <wchar.h>

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
int i;
unsigned char mbBuf[16] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
for(i=0;i<16;i++)
printf("\x%02",mbBuf[i]);
}
Jul 31 '06 #3

"Walter Roberson" <ro******@ibd.nrc-cnrc.gc.caha scritto nel messaggio
news:ea**********@canopus.cc.umanitoba.ca...
In article <11**********************@m79g2000cwm.googlegroups .com>,
<ab*****@gmail.comwrote:
I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
printf("\x%02",mbBuf[i]);

printf("\\x%02",mbBuf[i]);
Wrong code. You don't print mbBuf[i].
>
When you want a \ to appear in the output string, you have to
escape the \ by doubling it.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main(void)
{
int i;
/* even number of chars !!! */
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";

for(i=0;i<(sizeof(mbBuf) / sizeof(mbBuf[0]))/2;i++) {
printf("\\x%c%c",mbBuf[2*i],mbBuf[2*i+1]);
}
printf("\n");
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
--
Giorgio Silvestri
DSP/Embedded/Real Time OS (RTOS) Software Engineer


Jul 31 '06 #4
Martin Ambuhl wrote:
ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
>Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
. But in each and every case it is giving an error :

[OP's code at EOM]

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
unsigned i, n = sizeof mbBuf - 1;
^^^
should be 2. Sorry.
[e.g. if mbBuf[] = "1234", the last pair begins at mbBuf[2].
sizeof mbBuf is 5, n = 3, and 2 is the largest integer
less than 3]. Or I could set n = strlen(mbBuf) - 1 instead,
but only at the cost of an extra function call and #including
<string.h>.]
for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2)
printf("\\x%c%c", mbBuf[i], mbBuf[i + 1]);
return 0;
}

[OP's code]
>test.c:16:9 : \x used with no following hex digits

*********Test.c****************
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <wchar.h>

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
int i;
unsigned char mbBuf[16] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
for(i=0;i<16;i++)
printf("\x%02",mbBuf[i]); }
Jul 31 '06 #5

"Martin Ambuhl" <ma*****@earthlink.netha scritto nel messaggio
news:4j************@individual.net...
ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
. But in each and every case it is giving an error :

[OP's code at EOM]

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
unsigned i, n = sizeof mbBuf - 1;
for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2)
printf("\\x%c%c", mbBuf[i], mbBuf[i + 1]);
return 0;
}
It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;
--
Giorgio Silvestri
DSP/Embedded/Real Time OS (RTOS) Software Engineer


Jul 31 '06 #6
Giorgio Silvestri wrote:
"Martin Ambuhl" <ma*****@earthlink.netha scritto nel messaggio
news:4j************@individual.net...
>ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
>>Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
. But in each and every case it is giving an error :
[OP's code at EOM]

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
unsigned i, n = sizeof mbBuf - 1;
for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2)
printf("\\x%c%c", mbBuf[i], mbBuf[i + 1]);
return 0;
}

It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;
Thanks for pointing out one of (at least) two errors in an extremely
simple program. I shouldn't offer advice after being up three days.
Jul 31 '06 #7
"Giorgio Silvestri" <gi**************@libero.itwrites:
[...]
It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;
It could work. Whether a trailing '\n' is required for a text stream
is implementation-defined.

--
Keith Thompson (The_Other_Keith) ks***@mib.org <http://www.ghoti.net/~kst>
San Diego Supercomputer Center <* <http://users.sdsc.edu/~kst>
We must do something. This is something. Therefore, we must do this.
Jul 31 '06 #8
Martin Ambuhl wrote:
Giorgio Silvestri wrote:
"Martin Ambuhl" <ma*****@earthlink.netha scritto nel messaggio
news:4j************@individual.net...
ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
Hi ,

I have a program where I want to print a string
"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
. But in each and every case it is giving an error :
[OP's code at EOM]

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
{
unsigned char mbBuf[] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
unsigned i, n = sizeof mbBuf - 1;
for (i = 0; i < n; i += 2)
printf("\\x%c%c", mbBuf[i], mbBuf[i + 1]);
return 0;
}
It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;

Thanks for pointing out one of (at least) two errors in an extremely
simple program. I shouldn't offer advice after being up three days.
Thanks a lot to all of you . Although it solved the question i had
asked .. But now i m stuck with another problem related to the query .

Actually when i put a "\x" manually in front of every two digits in the
string the string gets printed as "Z-=ɢSp{"

The code which prints these special characters is :

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
char mbBuf[BUF_SIZE] =
"\xb2\xa4\xfd\xf1\x5a\xf7\xc4\xf2\x15\xe1\x90\x9b\ xe4\x70\x7b\xdb";

printf("\nThe mbBuf string is %s\n",mbBuf);

}

but when i print the string "b2a4fdf15af7c4f215e1909be4707bdb" with
the \x using the for loop it doesn't print those special chars :-(

Jul 31 '06 #9
Keith Thompson said:
"Giorgio Silvestri" <gi**************@libero.itwrites:
[...]
>It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;

It could work. Whether a trailing '\n' is required for a text stream
is implementation-defined.
Yes, but I think this is a translation issue. It seems to me that maybe
Giorgio probably meant "it might not work", perhaps.

--
Richard Heathfield
"Usenet is a strange place" - dmr 29/7/1999
http://www.cpax.org.uk
email: rjh at above domain (but drop the www, obviously)
Jul 31 '06 #10

"Richard Heathfield" <in*****@invalid.invalidha scritto nel messaggio
news:KY********************@bt.com...
Keith Thompson said:
"Giorgio Silvestri" <gi**************@libero.itwrites:
[...]
It could not work.

Missing:

printf("\n"); /* :-) */

before

return 0;
It could work. Whether a trailing '\n' is required for a text stream
is implementation-defined.

Yes, but I think this is a translation issue. It seems to me that maybe
Giorgio probably meant "it might not work", perhaps.
Yes.
--
Giorgio Silvestri
DSP/Embedded/Real Time OS (RTOS) Software Engineer

Jul 31 '06 #11

<ab*****@gmail.comha scritto nel messaggio
news:11**********************@m79g2000cwm.googlegr oups.com...
Martin Ambuhl wrote:
Giorgio Silvestri wrote:
"Martin Ambuhl" <ma*****@earthlink.netha scritto nel messaggio
news:4j************@individual.net...
ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
>int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
char mbBuf[BUF_SIZE] =
"\xb2\xa4\xfd\xf1\x5a\xf7\xc4\xf2\x15\xe1\x90\x9b \xe4\x70\x7b\xdb";

printf("\nThe mbBuf string is %s\n",mbBuf);

}

BUF_SIZE ?

if BUF_SIZE is equal to the value of
strlen("\xb2\xa4\xfd\xf1\x5a\xf7\xc4\xf2\x15\xe1\x 90\x9b\xe4\x70\x7b\xdb")

then mbBuf is not '\0' terminated.
char mbBuf[] =
"\xb2\xa4\xfd\xf1\x5a\xf7\xc4\xf2\x15\xe1\x90\x9b\ xe4\x70\x7b\xdb";
--
Giorgio Silvestri
DSP/Embedded/Real Time OS (RTOS) Software Engineer



Jul 31 '06 #12
In article <11**********************@m79g2000cwm.googlegroups .comab*****@gmail.com writes:
....
unsigned char mbBuf[16] = "457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de";
The string on the right is a bit long as initialiserf for the array
on the left.
--
dik t. winter, cwi, kruislaan 413, 1098 sj amsterdam, nederland, +31205924131
home: bovenover 215, 1025 jn amsterdam, nederland; http://www.cwi.nl/~dik/
Jul 31 '06 #13
"Giorgio Silvestri" <gi**************@libero.itwrites:
"Richard Heathfield" <in*****@invalid.invalidha scritto nel messaggio
news:KY********************@bt.com...
>Keith Thompson said:
"Giorgio Silvestri" <gi**************@libero.itwrites:
[...]
It could not work.
[...]
It could work. Whether a trailing '\n' is required for a text stream
is implementation-defined.

Yes, but I think this is a translation issue. It seems to me that maybe
Giorgio probably meant "it might not work", perhaps.

Yes.
Ok. I read it as "It (could not) work", not as "It could (not work)",
and I expect many others would read it the same way.

--
Keith Thompson (The_Other_Keith) ks***@mib.org <http://www.ghoti.net/~kst>
San Diego Supercomputer Center <* <http://users.sdsc.edu/~kst>
We must do something. This is something. Therefore, we must do this.
Jul 31 '06 #14
On 31 Jul 2006 03:41:51 -0700, ab*****@gmail.com wrote:
Martin Ambuhl wrote:
>> I have a program where I want to print a string
>>"457e31b2db200dc125f3e00886ff57de"
>>like "\x45\x7e\x31\xb2\xdb\x20\x0d\xc1\x25\xf3\xe0\x08\ x86\xff\x57\xde"
<snip>
Thanks a lot to all of you . Although it solved the question i had
asked .. But now i m stuck with another problem related to the query .

Actually when i put a "\x" manually in front of every two digits in the
string the string gets printed as "Z-=ɢSp{"

The code which prints these special characters is :

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
char mbBuf[BUF_SIZE] =
"\xb2\xa4\xfd\xf1\x5a\xf7\xc4\xf2\x15\xe1\x90\x9b\ xe4\x70\x7b\xdb";

printf("\nThe mbBuf string is %s\n",mbBuf);

}

but when i print the string "b2a4fdf15af7c4f215e1909be4707bdb" with
the \x using the for loop it doesn't print those special chars :-(
Aha. It sounds like what you meant is not "print so that the output is
in the form \x45 ...", but "print the output you would get if you had
\x45 in the source". These are not the same. Backslash escapes
including \xXX in a string (or char) literal are converted _at compile
time_ to the specified byte value(s). For example
char mbBuf[N] = "\xb2\xa4";
(given N is >= 3) should produce the same object/executable (and
must produce the same runtime effect) as
char mbBuf[N] = {0xb2, 0xa4, 0};
or
char mbBuf[N] = {178, 164, 0};

If what you want is to extract values represented as two hex digits
each in a string, and output those values, you must do the conversion
explicitly, not expect \x to cause it to happen for you:

char xx [] = "457e"; /* etc. */
int i, x; /* in general i might better be size_t */
for( i = 0; xx[i] /* && xx[i+1] */; i += 2 ){
/* or i < strlen(xx) or with array visible i < sizeof xx - 1 */
#if ONEWAY
sscanf (xx+i, "%2x", &x);
/* in general should check return value from sscanf for error(s)
but here I assume input data is always good and don't bother */
#elif ANOTHERWAY
char yy [3] = {0};
memcpy (yy, xx+i, 2); /* extract 2 digits plus null terminator */
x = /* (int) */ strtol (yy, NULL, 16);
#elif EXPLICITWAY
x = getdig (yy[i]) * 16U + getdig (yy[i+1);
#endif
putchar (x); /* for stdout, or fputc (x, fp); */
/* or have a second buffer and copy the converted bytes into it
then fwrite or if applicable fputs or puts the whole buffer */
}

where int getdig (char d)
can be for ASCII something like
return isdigit(d)? d-'0': toupper(d)-'A'+10;
or for complete portability something like
const char digitlist [] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
return strchr (digitlist, d) - digitlist;
in each case with addition of error checks and handling
if your input data is not guaranteed good or already checked.

- David.Thompson1 at worldnet.att.net
Aug 14 '06 #15

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