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Not a very good Idea!

P: n/a
Hi all,
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

#define STRUCT2 struct2.str2.st1.s1
#define STRUCT3 struct3.str3.st3.s3

and then use

struct1.str1.strct3 = STRUCT2 + STRUCT3;

Is this a good Idea(if not please let me know what are the problems it
may cause)?Or Is there a better Idea than this?

Nov 14 '05 #1
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18 Replies


P: n/a

On Mon, 3 Apr 2005 va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

Hi all,
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?
Oh, dear.
For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;


First of all, that's fewer than 80 columns. Secondly, the C programming
language is whitespace-insensitive (in most ways), so you can always write

struct1.str1.strct3 = struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;

A much better alternative is to rework your data structure, and use the
much simpler

x = y + z;

Of course, this will require getting rid of a lot of tiny intermediate
struct definitions (struct1, str1, st1, s1, and so on). But that's a
very good thing. Nested structs are bad for readability, and mostly bad
for thinking in general.

If you can't do that (for example, if you have more silly "house rules"
that require lots of nested data structures), you can use

struct foo *p = &struct2.str2.st1;
struct foo *q = &struct3.str3.st3;

struct1.str1.strct3 = p->s1 + q->s3;

Again, not the best solution, but a darn sight better than trying to
use the preprocessor to wiggle out of a problem you yourself created
with nested data structures.

HTH,
-Arthur
Nov 14 '05 #2

P: n/a
va******@rediffmail.com writes:
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

#define STRUCT2 struct2.str2.st1.s1
#define STRUCT3 struct3.str3.st3.s3

and then use

struct1.str1.strct3 = STRUCT2 + STRUCT3;

Is this a good Idea(if not please let me know what are the problems it
may cause)?Or Is there a better Idea than this?


struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

is obviously less than 80 columns, but assuming it's meant as an
example, there's no reason it all has to be on one line. The
following are equivalent:

struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;

struct1
.str1
.strct3
=
struct2
.str2
.st1
.s1
+
struct3
.str3
.st3
.s3;

It would probably be even better to restructure your code so you're
not using so many deeply nested structures.

--
Keith Thompson (The_Other_Keith) ks***@mib.org <http://www.ghoti.net/~kst>
San Diego Supercomputer Center <*> <http://users.sdsc.edu/~kst>
We must do something. This is something. Therefore, we must do this.
Nov 14 '05 #3

P: n/a
Keith Thompson wrote:
struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;


I prefer to start, rather than to terminate,
a continued line with a binary operator,
to make it more obvious that it's a continued line.

struct1.str1.strct3
= struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;

--
pete
Nov 14 '05 #4

P: n/a
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

Hi all,
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

#define STRUCT2 struct2.str2.st1.s1
#define STRUCT3 struct3.str3.st3.s3

and then use

struct1.str1.strct3 = STRUCT2 + STRUCT3;

Is this a good Idea
No.
(if not please let me know what are the problems it
may cause)?
Difficult to read, difficult to debug when it goes wrong.
Or Is there a better Idea than this?


Use a C99 compiler or a compiler that understand inline and
use something like
static inline void
struct_add (STRUCT_NAME *result, const STRUCT_NAME *left, const STRUCT_NAME *right)
{ result->whatever.result = left->x.y.z + right->x.y.z ;
}

and you can call that using:

struct_add (&result, &left, &right) ;

if they are defined as structs or

struct_add (result, left, right) ;

if you already have pointers to the structs.

Erik
--
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
Erik de Castro Lopo no****@mega-nerd.com (Yes it's valid)
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
Learning Linux is like joining a cult. Sure it's fun at first but
you waste time, become brainwashed, and then have to be de-programmed
by Bill Gates before you can work for Him again.
- Ray Lopez, in UF********************@newsread1.prod.itd.earthlin k.net
Nov 14 '05 #5

P: n/a
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80
characters. When accessing a structure elements which are deeply
nested, we are not able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we
use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

#define STRUCT2 struct2.str2.st1.s1
#define STRUCT3 struct3.str3.st3.s3

and then use

struct1.str1.strct3 = STRUCT2 + STRUCT3;

Is this a good Idea(if not please let me know what are the
problems it may cause)?Or Is there a better Idea than this?


Not in my opinion. It shows up the lack of a 'with' statement in
C, but that is another matter. You can simply break the statement
up:

struct1.str1.strct3 = struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;

I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better. If
you are continuously falling off the right it probably indicates
that you are failing to break your code up into small enough
modules.

--
"If you want to post a followup via groups.google.com, don't use
the broken "Reply" link at the bottom of the article. Click on
"show options" at the top of the article, then click on the
"Reply" at the bottom of the article headers." - Keith Thompson
Nov 14 '05 #6

P: n/a
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:
Hi all,
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;


Others have mentioned various ways of inserting line
breaks to keep individual lines short, but I have not yet
seen anything as radical as

struct1
Nov 14 '05 #7

P: n/a
On Mon, 04 Apr 2005 11:34:58 +0000, CBFalconer wrote:

....
Not in my opinion. It shows up the lack of a 'with' statement in
C, but that is another matter.
IMO Pascal's with statement is one of the truely nasty parts of that
language. C has a vastly better way of dealing with that problem using
pointers to structures or unions. In effect you can create a with
construct where each structure being aliased is named explicitly.
You can simply break the statement
up:

struct1.str1.strct3 = struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;
Yes, there are lots of ways of handling this, this looks good here.
Intermediaries could be appropriate in some circumstances, e.g.

s2211 = struct2.str2.st1.s1;
s3333 = struct3.str3.st3.s3;
struct1.str1.strct3 = s2211 + s3333;

Using with-like pointers could be natural if you access a number of
members from an innermost structure

type *const p221 = &struct2.str2.st1;
type *const p333 = &struct3.str3.st3;

struct1.str1.strct3 = p221->s1 + p333->s3;

struct2.str3.strct1 = p221->s3 + p333->s1; /* for example */

This can work for the LHS too.
I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better. If
you are continuously falling off the right it probably indicates
that you are failing to break your code up into small enough
modules.


It is very easy to get to and beyond 80 columns, although I try to limit
myself to that for C code. It depends on indentation amount, expression
complexity, whether you have some reasonable length text in string
literals and so on. Making modules (do you mean functions?) too small is
not a good thing, it creates complexity in the interfaces and call tree.

Lawrence
Nov 14 '05 #8

P: n/a
On Mon, 04 Apr 2005 09:50:17 GMT, pete <pf*****@mindspring.com> wrote:
Keith Thompson wrote:
struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;


I prefer to start, rather than to terminate,
a continued line with a binary operator,
to make it more obvious that it's a continued line.

struct1.str1.strct3
= struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;


An interesting take. I generally read code from top to bottom, so
prefer the binary operator on the end of the line, to make it more
obvious that there's more to come.

--
Al Balmer
Balmer Consulting
re************************@att.net
Nov 14 '05 #9

P: n/a
Keith Thompson wrote:
As per our coding rule, a line should not have more than 80 characters.
When accessing a structure elements which are deeply nested, we are not
able follow this rule. To acheive this Can we use macro?

For example,

struct1.str1.strct3=struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;
...

...
is obviously less than 80 columns, but assuming it's meant as an
example, there's no reason it all has to be on one line. The
following are equivalent:

struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 + struct3.str3.st3.s3;

struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;

struct1
.str1
.strct3
=
struct2
.str2
.st1
.s1
+
struct3
.str3
.st3
.s3;
...


And there's always the '\' at the end of line, which greatly expands the
number of variants this code can be reformatted

struct1.s\
tr1.strct\
3 = struc\
t2.str2.s\
t1.s1 + s\
truct3.st\
r3.st3.s3;

Of course, professional programmers always format their code so that the
way the code looks reflects what this code does. The above, for example,
is a nice way to format a code that calculates the area of a rectangle.

:)

--
Best regards,
Andrey Tarasevich
Nov 14 '05 #10

P: n/a
In article <mn***********************@YOURBRAnoos.fr>,
Emmanuel Delahaye <em***@YOURBRAnoos.fr> wrote:
pete wrote on 04/04/05 :
I prefer to start, rather than to terminate,
a continued line with a binary operator,
to make it more obvious that it's a continued line. struct1.str1.strct3
= struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;
Agreed.

FORTRAN lives ;-)

(and, no, I didn't mean "Fortran").
--
Usenet is like a slice of lemon, wrapped around a large gold brick.
Nov 14 '05 #11

P: n/a
pete wrote on 04/04/05 :
Keith Thompson wrote:
struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;


I prefer to start, rather than to terminate,
a continued line with a binary operator,
to make it more obvious that it's a continued line.

struct1.str1.strct3
= struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;


Agreed.

--
Emmanuel
The C-FAQ: http://www.eskimo.com/~scs/C-faq/faq.html
The C-library: http://www.dinkumware.com/refxc.html

..sig under repair

Nov 14 '05 #12

P: n/a
On Mon, 04 Apr 2005 10:17:19 -0700, Alan Balmer
<al******@att.net> wrote:
On Mon, 04 Apr 2005 09:50:17 GMT, pete <pf*****@mindspring.com> wrote:
Keith Thompson wrote:
struct1.str1.strct3 =
struct2.str2.st1.s1 +
struct3.str3.st3.s3;


I prefer to start, rather than to terminate,
a continued line with a binary operator,
to make it more obvious that it's a continued line.

struct1.str1.strct3
= struct2.str2.st1.s1
+ struct3.str3.st3.s3;


An interesting take. I generally read code from top to bottom, so
prefer the binary operator on the end of the line, to make it more
obvious that there's more to come.


I do as well, but it's a style thing (roughly half of us at work prefer
the operators at the end and the others prefer them at the start of the
next line).

There is no "one true way"...

Chris C
Nov 14 '05 #13

P: n/a
Chris Croughton wrote:
There is no "one true way"...


You're new around here, aren't you?

--
================================================== ======================
Ian Pilcher i.*******@comcast.net
================================================== ======================
Nov 14 '05 #14

P: n/a
In article <yN********************@comcast.com>,
Ian Pilcher <i.*******@comcast.net> wrote:
:Chris Croughton wrote:
:> There is no "one true way"...

:You're new around here, aren't you?

Apparently, for half of us, it would have been fine if you had written,

You
're new around here
, aren't you?
--
"[...] it's all part of one's right to be publicly stupid." -- Dave Smey
Nov 14 '05 #15

P: n/a

"CBFalconer" <cb********@yahoo.com> wrote in message
news:42***************@yahoo.com...
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better.


Yes, please. My Teletype is only 72 columns...

Rufus
Nov 14 '05 #16

P: n/a
On Thu, 7 Apr 2005 11:01:30 -0400, in comp.lang.c , "Rufus V. Smith"
<no****@nospam.com> wrote:

"CBFalconer" <cb********@yahoo.com> wrote in message
news:42***************@yahoo.com...
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better.


Yes, please. My Teletype is only 72 columns...


you should try reading
this stuff on an
internet-enabled
digital watch....

--
Mark McIntyre
CLC FAQ <http://www.eskimo.com/~scs/C-faq/top.html>
CLC readme: <http://www.ungerhu.com/jxh/clc.welcome.txt>
Nov 14 '05 #17

P: n/a
In article <1112886039.35604f388b6a67a07b1128bf3c3273d9@teran ews>, 0001
Rufus V. Smith <no****@nospam.com> wrote: 0002
I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better. 0003
0004Yes, please. My Teletype is only 72 columns... 0005

0006
And for those of us using punched cards, if you use more than 72 0007
characters it will run in to the sequence numbers. 0008
0009
-- Richard 0010
0011
Nov 14 '05 #18

P: n/a
"Rufus V. Smith" wrote:
"CBFalconer" <cb********@yahoo.com> wrote in message
va******@rediffmail.com wrote:

I also consider an 80 char line length excessive, 72 is better.


Yes, please. My Teletype is only 72 columns...


Mine too. However 72 also allows for 80 char text output after
inserting line numbers, and avoids most line wrapping when quoted
on usenet, etc. etc. In fact I try to limit my lines to 65 chars.
This also tends to increase legibility.

--
"If you want to post a followup via groups.google.com, don't use
the broken "Reply" link at the bottom of the article. Click on
"show options" at the top of the article, then click on the
"Reply" at the bottom of the article headers." - Keith Thompson
Nov 14 '05 #19

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