By using this site, you agree to our updated Privacy Policy and our Terms of Use. Manage your Cookies Settings.
459,293 Members | 1,397 Online
Bytes IT Community
+ Ask a Question
Need help? Post your question and get tips & solutions from a community of 459,293 IT Pros & Developers. It's quick & easy.

UPnP code to open ports on nat/firewall

P: n/a
Here is some working code to open the specified TCP port on the gateway
nat device or firewall, and forward it to the calling machine. Great
for p2p apps. The newsgroups are such a great resource and have helped
me so much, I hope this helps others. Let me know if you find it
useful!

Lee Carlson
Lee (at) Carlson (dot) net
-----------------------------------

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Net;

namespace Woodchop.Net
{
public class UPnP
{
public UPnP()
{

}
public static void OpenFirewallPort(int port)
{
System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface[] nics =
System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface.Get AllNetworkInterfaces();

//for each nic in computer...
foreach (System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface nic
in nics)
{
try
{
string machineIP =
nic.GetIPProperties().UnicastAddresses[0].Address.ToString();

//send msg to each gateway configured on this nic
foreach
(System.Net.NetworkInformation.GatewayIPAddressInf ormation gwInfo in
nic.GetIPProperties().GatewayAddresses)
{
try
{
OpenFirewallPort(machineIP,
gwInfo.Address.ToString(), port);
}
catch
{ }
}
}
catch { }
}

}
public static void OpenFirewallPort(string machineIP, string
firewallIP, int openPort)
{
string svc = getServicesFromDevice(firewallIP);

openPortFromService(svc,"urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANIPConnection:1",machineIP,
firewallIP, 80, openPort);
openPortFromService(svc,
"urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANPPPConnection:1", machineIP,
firewallIP, 80, openPort);
}
private static string getServicesFromDevice(string firewallIP)
{
//To send a broadcast and get responses from all, send to
239.255.255.250
string queryResponse = "";
try
{
string query = "M-SEARCH * HTTP/1.1\r\n" +
"Host:" + firewallIP + ":1900\r\n" +
"ST:upnp:rootdevice\r\n" +
"Man:\"ssdp:discover\"\r\n" +
"MX:3\r\n" +
"\r\n" +
"\r\n";

//use sockets instead of UdpClient so we can set a
timeout easier
Socket client = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork,
SocketType.Dgram, ProtocolType.Udp);
IPEndPoint endPoint = new
IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse(firewallIP), 1900);

//1.5 second timeout because firewall should be on same
segment (fast)
client.SetSocketOption(SocketOptionLevel.Socket,
SocketOptionName.ReceiveTimeout, 1500);

byte[] q = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(query);
client.SendTo(q, q.Length, SocketFlags.None, endPoint);
IPEndPoint sender = new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Any, 0);
EndPoint senderEP = (EndPoint)sender;

byte[] data = new byte[1024];
int recv = client.ReceiveFrom(data, ref senderEP);
queryResponse = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(data);
}
catch { }

if(queryResponse.Length == 0)
return "";
/* QueryResult is somthing like this:
*
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Cache-Control:max-age=60
Location:http://10.10.10.1:80/upnp/service/des_ppp.xml
Server:NT/5.0 UPnP/1.0
ST:upnp:rootdevice
EXT:

USN:uuid:upnp-InternetGatewayDevice-1_0-00095bd945a2::upnp:rootdevice
*/

string location = "";
string[] parts = queryResponse.Split(new string[] {
System.Environment.NewLine }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
foreach (string part in parts)
{
if (part.ToLower().StartsWith("location"))
{
location = part.Substring(part.IndexOf(':') + 1);
break;
}
}
if (location.Length == 0)
return "";

//then using the location url, we get more information:

System.Net.WebClient webClient = new WebClient();
try
{
string ret = webClient.DownloadString(location);
Debug.WriteLine(ret);
return ret;//return services
}
catch (System.Exception ex)
{
Debug.WriteLine(ex.Message);
}
finally
{
webClient.Dispose();
}
return "";
}
private static void openPortFromService(string services, string
serviceType, string machineIP, string firewallIP, int gatewayPort, int
portToForward)
{
if (services.Length == 0)
return;
int svcIndex = services.IndexOf(serviceType);
if (svcIndex == -1)
return;
string controlUrl = services.Substring(svcIndex);
string tag1 = "<controlURL>";
string tag2 = "</controlURL>";
controlUrl = controlUrl.Substring(controlUrl.IndexOf(tag1)
+ tag1.Length);
controlUrl =
controlUrl.Substring(0,controlUrl.IndexOf(tag2));
string soapBody = "<s:Envelope " +
"xmlns:s=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/ \" " +

"s:encodingStyle=\"http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/ \">" +
"<s:Body>" +
"<u:AddPortMapping xmlns:u=\"" + serviceType + "\">" +
"<NewRemoteHost></NewRemoteHost>" +
"<NewExternalPort>" + portToForward.ToString() +
"</NewExternalPort>" +
"<NewProtocol>TCP</NewProtocol>" +
"<NewInternalPort>" + portToForward.ToString() +
"</NewInternalPort>" +
"<NewInternalClient>" + machineIP +
"</NewInternalClient>" +
"<NewEnabled>1</NewEnabled>" +
"<NewPortMappingDescription>Woodchop
Client</NewPortMappingDescription>" +
"<NewLeaseDuration>0</NewLeaseDuration>" +
"</u:AddPortMapping>" +
"</s:Body>" +
"</s:Envelope>";

byte[] body =
System.Text.UTF8Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(soapBody);

string url = "http://" + firewallIP + ":" +
gatewayPort.ToString() + controlUrl;
System.Net.WebRequest wr =
System.Net.WebRequest.Create(url);//+ controlUrl);
wr.Method = "POST";
wr.Headers.Add("SOAPAction","\"" + serviceType +
"#AddPortMapping\"");
wr.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
wr.ContentLength = body.Length;

System.IO.Stream stream = wr.GetRequestStream();
stream.Write(body, 0, body.Length);
stream.Flush();
stream.Close();

WebResponse wres = wr.GetResponse();
System.IO.StreamReader sr = new
System.IO.StreamReader(wres.GetResponseStream());
string ret = sr.ReadToEnd();
sr.Close();

Debug.WriteLine("Setting port forwarding:" +
portToForward.ToString() + "\r\r" + ret);
}
}
}

Dec 3 '05 #1
Share this question for a faster answer!
Share on Google+

This discussion thread is closed

Replies have been disabled for this discussion.