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run stored procedure

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How can I run stored procedure (MSSQL) ?
Nov 16 '05 #1
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using(SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(<connection string>))
{
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("MySPName", conn);
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
cmd.Paramaters.Add(new SqlParameter(...));
conn.Open();
cmd.ExecuteNonQuery(); // for an SP that doesn't return a result set or scalar value (e.g. count(*))
cmd.ExecuteScalar(); // for an SP that returns a scalar value
using(SqlDataReader r = cmd.ExecuteReader())// for an SP that returns a result set
{
// process results
}
XmlReader r = cmd.ExecuteXmlReader(); // for an SP that returns XML
// process XML
}

Regards

Richard Blewett - DevelopMentor
http://staff.develop.com/richardb/weblog

nntp://news.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.dotnet.languages.csharp/<ez*************@tk2msftngp13.phx.gbl>

How can I run stored procedure (MSSQL) ?

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[microsoft.public.dotnet.languages.csharp]
Nov 16 '05 #2

P: n/a
doing this can be even more fun...
check the following out:
you can find it in the Timetracker project (www.asp.net)

**********************
//************************************************** *******************

// Microsoft Data Access Application Block for .NET

// http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en...ml/daab-rm.asp

//

// SQLHelper.cs

//

// This file contains the implementations of the SqlHelper and
SqlHelperParameterCache

// classes.

//

// For more information see the Data Access Application Block Implementation
Overview.

//

//************************************************** *******************

// Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Microsoft Corporation

// All rights reserved.

// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY

// OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT

// LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR

// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

//************************************************** *******************

using System;

using System.Data;

using System.Data.SqlClient;

using System.Collections;

namespace ASPNET.StarterKit.Commerce

{

//************************************************** *******************

//

// The SqlHelper class is intended to encapsulate high performance, scalable
best practices for

// common uses of SqlClient.

//

//************************************************** *******************

public sealed class SqlHelper

{

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Since this class provides only static methods, make the default
constructor private to prevent

// instances from being created with "new SqlHelper()".

//

//************************************************** *******************

private SqlHelper() {}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// This method is used to attach array of SqlParameters to a SqlCommand.

//

// This method will assign a value of DbNull to any parameter with a
direction of

// InputOutput and a value of null.

//

// This behavior will prevent default values from being used, but

// this will be the less common case than an intended pure output parameter
(derived as InputOutput)

// where the user provided no input value.

//

// param name="command" The command to which the parameters will be added

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParameters tho be added to
command

//

//************************************************** *******************

private static void AttachParameters(SqlCommand command, SqlParameter[]
commandParameters)

{

foreach (SqlParameter p in commandParameters)

{

//check for derived output value with no value assigned

if ((p.Direction == ParameterDirection.InputOutput) && (p.Value == null))

{

p.Value = DBNull.Value;

}
command.Parameters.Add(p);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// This method assigns an array of values to an array of SqlParameters.

//

// param name="commandParameters" array of SqlParameters to be assigned
values

// param name="parameterValues" array of objects holding the values to be
assigned

//

//************************************************** *******************

private static void AssignParameterValues(SqlParameter[] commandParameters,
object[] parameterValues)

{

if ((commandParameters == null) || (parameterValues == null))

{

//do nothing if we get no data

return;

}

// we must have the same number of values as we pave parameters to put them
in

if (commandParameters.Length != parameterValues.Length)

{

throw new ArgumentException("Parameter count does not match Parameter Value
count.");

}

//iterate through the SqlParameters, assigning the values from the
corresponding position in the

//value array

for (int i = 0, j = commandParameters.Length; i < j; i++)

{

commandParameters[i].Value = parameterValues[i];

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// This method opens (if necessary) and assigns a connection, transaction,
command type and parameters

// to the provided command.

//

// param name="command" the SqlCommand to be prepared

// param name="connection" a valid SqlConnection, on which to execute this
command

// param name="transaction" a valid SqlTransaction, or 'null'

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParameters to be associated
with the command or 'null' if no parameters are required

//

//************************************************** *******************

private static void PrepareCommand(SqlCommand command, SqlConnection
connection, SqlTransaction transaction, CommandType commandType, string
commandText, SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//if the provided connection is not open, we will open it

if (connection.State != ConnectionState.Open)

{

connection.Open();

}

//associate the connection with the command

command.Connection = connection;

//set the command text (stored procedure name or SQL statement)

command.CommandText = commandText;

//if we were provided a transaction, assign it.

if (transaction != null)

{

command.Transaction = transaction;

}

//set the command type

command.CommandType = commandType;

//attach the command parameters if they are provided

if (commandParameters != null)

{

AttachParameters(command, commandParameters);

}

return;

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the database
specified in the connection string

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
"PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns an int representing the number of rows affected by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done.

using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString))

{

cn.Open();

//call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection
string

return ExecuteNonQuery(cn, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset)
against the database specified in

// the connection string using the provided parameter values. This method
will query the database to discover the parameters for the

// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and
assign the values based on parameter order.

//

// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored
procedure's return value parameter.

//

// e.g.:

// int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, "PublishOrders", 24, 36);

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored prcedure

// param name="parameterValues" an array of objects to be assigned as the
input values of the stored procedure

// returns an int representing the number of rows affected by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, string spName,
params object[] parameterValues)

{

//if we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go

if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))

{

//pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or
discover them & populate the cache)

SqlParameter[] commandParameters =
SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connecti onString, spName);

//assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order

AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

//call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters

return ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
spName, commandParameters);

}

//otherwise we can just call the SP without params

else

{

return ExecuteNonQuery(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
spName);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the specified
SqlConnection

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// int result = ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
"PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));

//

// param name="connection" a valid SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns an int representing the number of rows affected by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlConnection connection, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create a command and prepare it for execution

SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType,
commandText, commandParameters);
//finally, execute the command.

int retval = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
// detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used
again.

cmd.Parameters.Clear();

return retval;

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the database
specified in the connection string

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
"GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns a dataset containing the resultset generated by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(string connectionString, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done.

using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString))

{

cn.Open();

//call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection
string

return ExecuteDataset(cn, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset)
against the database specified in

// the connection string using the provided parameter values. This method
will query the database to discover the parameters for the

// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and
assign the values based on parameter order.

//

// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored
procedure's return value parameter.

//

// e.g.:

// DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(connString, "GetOrders", 24, 36);

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored procedure

// param name="parameterValues" an array of objects to be assigned as the
input values of the stored procedure

// returns a dataset containing the resultset generated by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(string connectionString, string spName,
params object[] parameterValues)

{

//if we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go

if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))

{

//pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or
discover them & populate the cache)

SqlParameter[] commandParameters =
SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connecti onString, spName);

//assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order

AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

//call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters

return ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName,
commandParameters);

}

//otherwise we can just call the SP without params

else

{

return ExecuteDataset(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
spName);

}

}
//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a resultset) against the specified
SqlConnection

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// DataSet ds = ExecuteDataset(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
"GetOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));

//

// param name="connection" a valid SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns a dataset containing the resultset generated by the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static DataSet ExecuteDataset(SqlConnection connection, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create a command and prepare it for execution

SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType,
commandText, commandParameters);
//create the DataAdapter & DataSet

SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);

DataSet ds = new DataSet();

//fill the DataSet using default values for DataTable names, etc.

da.Fill(ds);
// detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used
again.

cmd.Parameters.Clear();
//return the dataset

return ds;

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the database
specified in the connection string

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(connString,
CommandType.StoredProcedure, "GetOrderCount", new SqlParameter("@prodid",
24));

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns an object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by
the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create & open a SqlConnection, and dispose of it after we are done.

using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString))

{

cn.Open();

//call the overload that takes a connection in place of the connection
string

return ExecuteScalar(cn, commandType, commandText, commandParameters);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a stored procedure via a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1
resultset) against the database specified in

// the connection string using the provided parameter values. This method
will query the database to discover the parameters for the

// stored procedure (the first time each stored procedure is called), and
assign the values based on parameter order.

//

// This method provides no access to output parameters or the stored
procedure's return value parameter.

//

// e.g.:

// int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(connString, "GetOrderCount", 24, 36);

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored procedure

// param name="parameterValues" an array of objects to be assigned as the
input values of the stored procedure

// returns an object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by
the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, string spName,
params object[] parameterValues)

{

//if we receive parameter values, we need to figure out where they go

if ((parameterValues != null) && (parameterValues.Length > 0))

{

//pull the parameters for this stored procedure from the parameter cache (or
discover them & populate the cache)

SqlParameter[] commandParameters =
SqlHelperParameterCache.GetSpParameterSet(connecti onString, spName);

//assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order

AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, parameterValues);

//call the overload that takes an array of SqlParameters

return ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName,
commandParameters);

}

//otherwise we can just call the SP without params

else

{

return ExecuteScalar(connectionString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, spName);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns a 1x1 resultset) against the specified
SqlConnection

// using the provided parameters.

//

// e.g.:

// int orderCount = (int)ExecuteScalar(conn, CommandType.StoredProcedure,
"GetOrderCount", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));

//

// param name="connection" a valid SqlConnection

// param name="commandType" the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters used to execute
the command

// returns an object containing the value in the 1x1 resultset generated by
the command

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlConnection connection, CommandType
commandType, string commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

//create a command and prepare it for execution

SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, (SqlTransaction)null, commandType,
commandText, commandParameters);
//execute the command & return the results

object retval = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
// detach the SqlParameters from the command object, so they can be used
again.

cmd.Parameters.Clear();

return retval;
}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// SqlHelperParameterCache provides functions to leverage a static cache of
procedure parameters, and the

// ability to discover parameters for stored procedures at run-time.

//

//************************************************** *******************

public sealed class SqlHelperParameterCache

{

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Since this class provides only static methods, make the default
constructor private to prevent

// instances from being created with "new SqlHelperParameterCache()".

//

//************************************************** *******************

private SqlHelperParameterCache() {}

private static Hashtable paramCache = Hashtable.Synchronized(new
Hashtable());

//************************************************** *******************

//

// resolve at run time the appropriate set of SqlParameters for a stored
procedure

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored procedure

// param name="includeReturnValueParameter" whether or not to include their
return value parameter

//

//************************************************** *******************

private static SqlParameter[] DiscoverSpParameterSet(string
connectionString, string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)

{

using (SqlConnection cn = new SqlConnection(connectionString))

using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(spName,cn))

{

cn.Open();

cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(cmd);

if (!includeReturnValueParameter)

{

cmd.Parameters.RemoveAt(0);

}

SqlParameter[] discoveredParameters = new
SqlParameter[cmd.Parameters.Count];;

cmd.Parameters.CopyTo(discoveredParameters, 0);

return discoveredParameters;

}

}

private static SqlParameter[] CloneParameters(SqlParameter[]
originalParameters)

{

//deep copy of cached SqlParameter array

SqlParameter[] clonedParameters = new
SqlParameter[originalParameters.Length];

for (int i = 0, j = originalParameters.Length; i < j; i++)

{

clonedParameters[i] =
(SqlParameter)((ICloneable)originalParameters[i]).Clone();

}

return clonedParameters;

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// add parameter array to the cache

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// param name="commandParameters" an array of SqlParamters to be cached

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static void CacheParameterSet(string connectionString, string
commandText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)

{

string hashKey = connectionString + ":" + commandText;

paramCache[hashKey] = commandParameters;

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Retrieve a parameter array from the cache

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="commandText" the stored procedure name or T-SQL command

// returns an array of SqlParamters

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static SqlParameter[] GetCachedParameterSet(string connectionString,
string commandText)

{

string hashKey = connectionString + ":" + commandText;

SqlParameter[] cachedParameters = (SqlParameter[])paramCache[hashKey];
if (cachedParameters == null)

{

return null;

}

else

{

return CloneParameters(cachedParameters);

}

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure

//

// This method will query the database for this information, and then store
it in a cache for future requests.

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored procedure

// returns an array of SqlParameters

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(string connectionString,
string spName)

{

return GetSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName, false);

}

//************************************************** *******************

//

// Retrieves the set of SqlParameters appropriate for the stored procedure

//

// This method will query the database for this information, and then store
it in a cache for future requests.

//

// param name="connectionString" a valid connection string for a
SqlConnection

// param name="spName" the name of the stored procedure

// param name="includeReturnValueParameter" a bool value indicating whether
the return value parameter should be included in the results

// returns an array of SqlParameters

//

//************************************************** *******************

public static SqlParameter[] GetSpParameterSet(string connectionString,
string spName, bool includeReturnValueParameter)

{

string hashKey = connectionString + ":" + spName +
(includeReturnValueParameter ? ":include ReturnValue Parameter":"");

SqlParameter[] cachedParameters;
cachedParameters = (SqlParameter[])paramCache[hashKey];

if (cachedParameters == null)

{

cachedParameters = (SqlParameter[])(paramCache[hashKey] =
DiscoverSpParameterSet(connectionString, spName,
includeReturnValueParameter));

}
return CloneParameters(cachedParameters);

}

}

}

"Richard Blewett [DevelopMentor]" <ri******@develop.com> wrote in message
news:%2****************@TK2MSFTNGP15.phx.gbl...
using(SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(<connection string>))
{
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("MySPName", conn);
cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
cmd.Paramaters.Add(new SqlParameter(...));
conn.Open();
cmd.ExecuteNonQuery(); // for an SP that doesn't return a result set or scalar value (e.g. count(*)) cmd.ExecuteScalar(); // for an SP that returns a scalar value
using(SqlDataReader r = cmd.ExecuteReader())// for an SP that returns a result set {
// process results
}
XmlReader r = cmd.ExecuteXmlReader(); // for an SP that returns XML
// process XML
}

Regards

Richard Blewett - DevelopMentor
http://staff.develop.com/richardb/weblog

nntp://news.microsoft.com/microsoft.public.dotnet.languages.csharp/<ez*************@tk2msftngp13.phx.gbl>
How can I run stored procedure (MSSQL) ?

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Incoming mail is certified Virus Free.
Checked by AVG anti-virus system (http://www.grisoft.com).
Version: 6.0.771 / Virus Database: 518 - Release Date: 28/09/2004

[microsoft.public.dotnet.languages.csharp]

Nov 16 '05 #3

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