Read the MSDN document below. I think a public key algorithm suc as (RSA)

which is available for use in DOTNET should help you accomplis this.

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Cryptography protects data from being viewed or modified and provides secure

channels of communication over otherwise insecure channels. For example,

data can be encrypted using a cryptographic algorithm, transmitted in an

encrypted state, and later decrypted by the intended party. If a third party

intercepts the encrypted data, it will be difficult to decipher the data.

In a typical situation where cryptography is used, two parties (Alice and

Bob) communicate over an insecure channel. Alice and Bob want to ensure that

their communication remains incomprehensible by anyone who might be

listening. Furthermore, because Alice and Bob are in remote locations, Alice

must be sure that the information she receives from Bob has not been

modified by anyone during transmission. In addition, she must be sure that

the information really does originate from Bob and not someone impersonating

Bob.

Cryptography is used to achieve the following goals:

a.. Confidentiality: To protect a user's identity or data from being read.

b.. Data integrity: To protect data from being altered.

c.. Authentication: To assure that data originates from a particular

party.

In order to achieve these goals, Alice and Bob use a combination of

algorithms and practices known as cryptographic primitives to create a

cryptographic scheme. The following table lists the cryptographic primitives

and their uses.

Cryptographic Primitive Use

Secret-key encryption (symmetric cryptography) Performs a

transformation on data, keeping the data from being read by third parties.

This type of encryption uses a single shared, secret key to encrypt and

decrypt data.

Public-key encryption (asymmetric cryptography) Performs a

transformation on data, keeping the data from being read by third parties.

This type of encryption uses a public/private key pair to encrypt and

decrypt data.

Cryptographic signing Ensures that data originates from a specific

party by creating a digital signature that is unique to that party. This

process also uses hash functions.

Cryptographic hashes Maps data from any length to a fixed-length byte

sequence. Hashes are statistically unique; a different two-byte sequence

will not hash to the same value.

Secret-Key Encryption

Secret-key encryption algorithms use a single secret key to encrypt and

decrypt data. You must secure the key from access by unauthorized agents

because any party that has the key can use it to decrypt data. Secret-key

encryption is also referred to as symmetric encryption because the same key

is used for encryption and decryption. Secret-key encryption algorithms are

extremely fast (compared to public-key algorithms) and are well suited for

performing cryptographic transformations on large streams of data.

Typically, secret-key algorithms, called block ciphers, are used to encrypt

one block of data at a time. Block ciphers (like RC2, DES, TrippleDES, and

Rijndael) cryptographically transform an input block of n bytes into an

output block of encrypted bytes. If you want to encrypt or decrypt a

sequence of bytes, you have to do it block by block. Because the size of n

is small (n = 8 bytes for RC2, DES, and TripleDES; n = 16 [the default]; n =

24; or n = 32 bytes for Rijndael), values larger than n have to be encrypted

one block at a time.

The block cipher classes provided in the base class library use a chaining

mode called cipher block chaining (CBC), which uses a key and an

initialization vector (IV) to perform cryptographic transformations on data.

For a given secret key k, a simple block cipher that does not use an

initialization vector will encrypt the same input block of plaintext into

the same output block of ciphertext. If you have duplicate blocks within

your plaintext stream, you will have duplicate blocks within your ciphertext

stream. If an unauthorized user knows anything about the structure of a

block of your plaintext, she can use that information to decipher the known

ciphertext block and possibly recover your key. To combat this problem,

information from the previous block is mixed into the process of encrypting

the next block. Thus, the output of two identical plaintext blocks is

different. Because this technique uses the previous block to encrypt the

next block, an IV is used to encrypt the first block of data. Using this

system, common message headers that might be known to an unauthorized user

cannot be used to reverse engineer a key.

One way to compromise data encrypted with this type of cipher is to perform

an exhaustive search of every possible key. Depending on the size of the key

used to perform encryption, this type of search is extremely time consuming

using even the fastest computers and is therefore unfeasible. Larger key

sizes are more difficult to decipher. Though encryption does not make it

theoretically impossible for an adversary to retrieve the encrypted data, it

does raise the cost of doing so prohibitively. If it takes three months to

perform an exhaustive search to retrieve data that is only meaningful for a

few days, then the exhaustive search method is impractical.

The disadvantage of secret-key encryption is that it presumes two parties

have agreed on a key and IV and communicated their values. Also, the key

must be kept secret from unauthorized users. Because of these problems,

secret-key encryption is often used in conjunction with public-key

encryption to privately communicate the values of the key and IV.

Assuming that Alice and Bob are two parties who want to communicate over an

insecure channel, they might use secret-key encryption as follows. Both

Alice and Bob agree to use one particular algorithm (Rijndael, for example)

with a particular key and IV. Alice composes a message and creates a network

stream on which to send the message. Next she encrypts the text using the

key and IV, and sends it across the Internet. She does not send the key and

IV to Bob. Bob receives the encrypted text and decrypts it using the

previously agreed upon key and IV. If the transmission is intercepted, the

interceptor cannot recover the original message because he doesn't know the

key or IV. In this scenario, the key must remain secret, but the IV does not

need to remain secret. In a real world scenario, either Alice or Bob

generate a secret key and use public-key (asymmetric) encryption to transfer

the secret (symmetric) key to the other party. For more information, see

Public-Key Encryption.

The .NET Framework provides the following classes that implement secret key

encryption algorithms:

a.. DESCryptoServiceProvider

b.. RC2CryptoServiceProvider

c.. RijndaelManaged

d.. TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider

Public-Key Encryption

Public-key encryption uses a private key that must be kept secret from

unauthorized users and a public key that can be made public to anyone. Both

the public key and the private key are mathematically linked; data encrypted

with the public key can only be decrypted with the private key and data

signed with the private key can only be verified with the public key. The

public key can be made available to anyone; this key is used for encrypting

data to be sent to the keeper of the private key. Both keys are unique to

the communication session. Public-key cryptographic algorithms are also

known as asymmetric algorithms because one key is required to encrypt data

while another is required to decrypt data.

Public-key cryptographic algorithms use a fixed buffer size whereas

secret-key cryptographic algorithms use a variable length buffer. Public-key

algorithms cannot be used to chain data together into streams the way

secret-key algorithms can because only small amounts of data can be

encrypted. Therefore, asymmetric operations do not use the same streaming

model as symmetric operations.

Two parties (Alice and Bob) might use public-key encryption as follows.

First, Alice generates a public/private key pair. If Bob wants to send Alice

an encrypted message, he asks her for her public key. Alice sends Bob her

public key over an insecure network and Bob uses this key to encrypt a

message. (If Bob received Alice's key over an insecure channel, such as a

public network, Bob must verify with Alice that he has a correct copy of her

public key.) Bob sends the encrypted message to Alice and she decrypts it

using her private key.

During the transmission of Alice's public key, however, an unauthorized

agent might intercept the key. Furthermore, the same agent might intercept

the encrypted message from Bob. However, the agent cannot decrypt the

message with the public key. The message can only be decrypted with Alice's

private key, which has not been transmitted. Alice doesn't use her private

key to encrypt a reply message to Bob, because anyone with the public key

could decrypt the message. If Alice wants to send a message back to Bob, she

asks Bob for his public key and encrypts her message using that public key.

Bob then decrypts the message using his associated private key.

In a real world scenario, Alice and Bob use public key (asymmetric)

encryption to transfer a secret (symmetric) key and use secret key

encryption for the remainder of their session.

Public-key encryption has a much larger keyspace, or range of possible

values for the key, and is therefore less susceptible to exhaustive attacks

wherein every possibly key is tried. A public key is easy to distribute

because it doesn't have to be secured. Public-key algorithms can be used to

create digital signatures to verify the identity the sender of data.

However, public-key algorithms are extremely slow (compared to secret key

algorithms) and are not designed to encrypt large amounts of data.

Public-key algorithms are useful only for transferring very small amounts of

data. Typically, public-key encryption is used to encrypt a key and IV to be

used by a secret-key algorithm. After the key and IV are transferred, then

secret-key encryption is used for the remainder of the session.

The .NET Framework provides the following classes that implement public-key

encryption algorithms:

a.. DSACryptoServiceProvider

b.. RSACryptoServiceProvider

Digital Signatures

Public-key algorithms can also be used to form digital signatures. Digital

signatures authenticate the identity of a sender (if you trust the sender's

public key) and protect the integrity of data. Using a public key generated

by Alice, the recipient of Alice's data can verify that Alice sent it by

comparing the digital signature to Alice's data and Alice's public key.

To use public-key cryptography to digitally sign a message, Alice first

applies a hash algorithm to the message to create a message digest. The

message digest is a compact and unique representation of data. Alice then

encrypts the message digest with her private key to create her personal

signature. Upon receiving the message and signature, Bob decrypts the

signature using Alice's public key to recover the message digest, and hashes

the message using the same hash algorithm that Alice used. If the message

digest that Bob computes exactly matches the message digest received from

Alice, Bob is assured that the message came from the possessor of private

key and that the data has not been modified. If Bob trusts that Alice is the

possessor of the private key, then he knows that the message came from

Alice.

Note that a signature can be verified by anyone because the sender's public

key is common knowledge and is typically included in the digital signature

format. This method does not retain the secrecy of the message; for the

message to be secret, it must also be encrypted.

The .NET Framework provides the following classes that implement digital

signature algorithms:

a.. DSACryptoServiceProvider

b.. RSACryptoServiceProvider

Hash Values

Hash algorithms map binary values of an arbitrary length to small binary

values of a fixed length, known as hash values. A hash value is a unique and

extremely compact numerical representation of a piece of data. If you hash a

paragraph of plaintext and change even one letter of the paragraph, then a

subsequent hash will produce a different value. It is computationally

improbable to find two distinct inputs that hash to the same value.

Message authentication code (MAC) hash functions are commonly used with

digital signatures to sign data while message detection code (MDC) hash

functions are used for data integrity.

Alice and Bob might use a hash function in the following way to ensure data

integrity. If Alice writes a message for Bob and creates a hash of that

message, Bob can then hash the message at a later time and compare his hash

to the original hash. If both hash values are identical, then the message

was not altered; however, if the values are not identical, the message was

altered after Alice wrote it. In order for this system to work, Alice must

hide the original hash value from all parties except Bob.

The .NET Framework provides the following classes that implement digital

signature algorithms:

a.. HMACSHA1

b.. MACTripleDES

c.. MD5CryptoServiceProvider

d.. SHA1Managed

e.. SHA256Managed

f.. SHA384Managed

g.. SHA512Managed

Random Number Generation

Random number generation is integral to many cryptographic operations. For

example, cryptographic keys need to be as random as possible so that it is

infeasible to reproduce them. Cryptographic random number generators must

generate output that is computationally infeasible to predict with better

than a probability of p < .05; that is, any method of predicting the next

output bit must not perform better than random guessing. The classes in the

..NET Framework use random number generators to generate cryptographic keys.

RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random number generator

algorithm.

See Also

..NET Framework Cryptography Model | Cryptographic Tasks | Cryptographic

Services

Syntax based on .NET Framework version 1.1.

Documentation version 1.1.0.

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Send comments on this topic.

© 2001-2002 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

"Leonardo D'Ippolito" <le**********@terra.com.br> wrote in message

news:ab*************************@posting.google.co m...

Hi!

I have two .NET win apps that need to communicate on a TCP/IP network.

'App A' must ask 'app B' if it's allowed to do some task, and 'app B'

must authorize or prohibit it.

How can I do this kind of communication in a secure way (protected

from sniffing)? It would be a very simple protocol. Question, and two

possible answers 'yes' or 'no'.

Thanks

Leonardo