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marshaling error when calling C++ DLL within C#

Hi Folks,
I am writing a c# app that interacts with some scientific hardware (a
"bird", which is just a magnetic tracker) through a C++ DLL. The actual
data from the "bird" is read by the procedure birdGetFrame(), which has
as a second parameter a pointer to the struct BIRDFRAME, into which all
the data are written when the procedure returns successfully. Just to
make things complicated, BIRDFRAME itself contains variables of other
struct types.

My issue is that when I call the procedure, I get an unhandled
exception with the following error: "Additional information: Can not
marshal parameter #2: The type definition of this type has no layout

It seems that even though I crate a new variable "pframe" of type
BIRDFRAME the procedure cannot pass a pointer to it. I can't tell if
the problem is how I set up pframe, or whether the BIRDFRAME struct is
itself poorly constructed. Any help is appreciated.

I've included the listing of the relevant code below.


[DllImport("bird .dll", EntryPoint = "birdRS232WakeU p", CharSet =
CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
static extern Boolean birdRS232WakeUp ( int nGroupID, Boolean
bStandAlone, int nNumDevices, ref uint pwComport, UInt32 dwBaudRate,
UInt32 dwReadTimeout, UInt32 dwWriteTimeout) ;
[DllImport("bird .dll", EntryPoint = "birdStartSingl eFrame",
CharSet=CharSet .Auto,SetLastEr ror=true)]
static extern void birdStartSingle Frame(int nGroupID);

[DllImport("bird .dll", EntryPoint = "birdFrameReady ",
CharSet=CharSet .Auto,SetLastEr ror=true)]
static extern bool birdFrameReady( int nGroupID);

[DllImport("bird .dll", EntryPoint = "birdGetFra me",
CharSet=CharSet .Auto,SetLastEr ror=true)]
static extern bool birdGetFrame(in t nGroupID,
[MarshalAs(Unman agedType.LPStru ct)] ref BIRDFRAME pFrame);

[DllImport("bird .dll", EntryPoint = "birdShutDo wn", CharSet =
CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
static extern Boolean birdShutDown ( int nGroupID);

// Bird position structure
public class BIRDPOSITION
short nX; // x-coordinate
short nY; // y-coordinate
short nZ; // z-coordinate

// Bird angles structure
public class BIRDANGLES
short nAzimuth; // azimuth angle
short nElevation; // elevation angle
short nRoll; // roll angle

// Bird matrix structure
public class BIRDMATRIX
short[,] n= new short [3,3]; // array of matrix elements

// Bird quaternion structure
short nQ0; // q0
short nQ1; // q1
short nQ2; // q2
short nQ3; // q3

// Bird reading structure
public class BIRDREADING
BIRDPOSITION position; // position of receiver
BIRDANGLES angles; // orientation of receiver, as angles
BIRDMATRIX matrix; // orientation of receiver, as matrix
BIRDQUATERNION quaternion; // orientation of receiver, as quaternion
short wButtons; // button states

// Bird frame structure
int dwTime; // time at which readings were taken, in msecs
[MarshalAs(Unman agedType.LPStru ct)]
// reading from each bird

// code to read data from bird

static int BIRD_MAX_DEVICE _NUM = 256;
uint PORT = 1;
if (birdRS232WakeU p(0,true,1, ref PORT,19200,2000 ,2000) == true)
birdStartSingle Frame(0);
while (birdFrameReady (0)==false);
birdGetFrame(0, ref pframe); // **** error occurs here ****
birdShutDown(0) ;


Nov 30 '05 #1
0 1117

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