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How to call Win32 Native API GetTokenInformation() using C#?

Vincent Nguyen
P: n/a
Hi,

Does anyone know how call Win32 native API GetTokenInformation() by using
C#? Any sample code would be helpful. Thanks!

Vincent
Nov 15 '05 #1
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7 Replies


Mattias Sjögren
P: n/a
Vincent,
Does anyone know how call Win32 native API GetTokenInformation() by using
C#? Any sample code would be helpful. Thanks!


What kind of information are you going to retrieve with it, i.e which
TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS value are you going to pass in?

Mattias

--
Mattias Sjögren [MVP] mattias @ mvps.org
http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
Please reply only to the newsgroup.
Nov 15 '05 #2

Vincent Nguyen
P: n/a
I want to retrieve the access tokens for a user, and I want to pass in the
TOKEN_GROUPS. Thanks for the reply!

"Mattias Sjögren" <mattias.dont.want.spam@mvps.org> wrote in message
news:OOcfys5WDHA.2444@tk2msftngp13.phx.gbl...
Vincent,
Does anyone know how call Win32 native API GetTokenInformation() by using
C#? Any sample code would be helpful. Thanks!


What kind of information are you going to retrieve with it, i.e which
TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS value are you going to pass in?

Mattias

--
Mattias Sjögren [MVP] mattias @ mvps.org
http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
Please reply only to the newsgroup.

Nov 15 '05 #3

Mattias Sjögren
P: n/a
Vincent,
I want to retrieve the access tokens for a user, and I want to pass in the
TOKEN_GROUPS. Thanks for the reply!


See if this helps you get it working

http://groups.google.com/groups?thre...%40tkmsftngp11
http://www.dotnetinterop.com/faq/?q=...leLengthStruct

Mattias

--
Mattias Sjögren [MVP] mattias @ mvps.org
http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
Please reply only to the newsgroup.
Nov 15 '05 #4

Willy Denoyette [MVP]
P: n/a
Vincent Nguyen wrote:
|| I don't know much about VB.NET. Do you have any C# sample code for
|| this? Thanks!
Is this of any help?

// Begin of code sample
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Security.Principal;
using System.Diagnostics;

// Forward declarations
using LUID = System.Int64;
using HANDLE = System.IntPtr;
class Tester {
public const int TOKEN_QUERY = 0X00000008;

const int ERROR_NO_MORE_ITEMS = 259;

enum TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS
{
TokenUser = 1,
TokenGroups,
TokenPrivileges,
TokenOwner,
TokenPrimaryGroup,
TokenDefaultDacl,
TokenSource,
TokenType,
TokenImpersonationLevel,
TokenStatistics,
TokenRestrictedSids,
TokenSessionId
}

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
struct TOKEN_USER
{
public _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES User;
}

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
{
public IntPtr Sid;
public int Attributes;
}
[DllImport("advapi32")]
static extern bool OpenProcessToken(
HANDLE ProcessHandle, // handle to process
int DesiredAccess, // desired access to process
ref IntPtr TokenHandle // handle to open access token
);

[DllImport("kernel32")]
static extern HANDLE GetCurrentProcess();

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool GetTokenInformation(
HANDLE hToken,
TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS tokenInfoClass,
IntPtr TokenInformation,
int tokeInfoLength,
ref int reqLength);

[DllImport("kernel32")]
static extern bool CloseHandle(HANDLE handle);

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool LookupAccountSid
(
[In,MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPTStr)] string lpSystemName, // name of local or remote computer
IntPtr pSid, // security identifier
StringBuilder Account, // account name buffer
ref int cbName, // size of account name buffer
StringBuilder DomainName, // domain name
ref int cbDomainName, // size of domain name buffer
ref int peUse // SID type
// ref _SID_NAME_USE peUse // SID type
);

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool ConvertSidToStringSid(
IntPtr pSID,
[In,Out,MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPTStr)] ref string pStringSid);

public static void Main() {
string processName = Process.GetCurrentProcess().ProcessName;
Process[] myProcesses = Process.GetProcessesByName(processName);
if(myProcesses.Length == 0)
Console.WriteLine("Could not find notepad processes on remote machine");
foreach(Process myProcess in myProcesses)
{
Console.Write("Process Name : " + myProcess.ProcessName + " Process ID : "
+ myProcess.Id + " MachineName : " + myProcess.MachineName + "\n");
DumpUserInfo(myProcess.Handle);
}
}

static void DumpUserInfo(HANDLE pToken)
{
int Access = TOKEN_QUERY;
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.AppendFormat("\nToken dump performed on {0}\n\n", DateTime.Now);
HANDLE procToken = IntPtr.Zero;
if ( OpenProcessToken( pToken, Access, ref procToken ) )
{
sb.Append("Process Token:\n");
sb.Append(PerformDump(procToken));
CloseHandle(procToken);
}
Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
}
static StringBuilder PerformDump(HANDLE token)
{
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
TOKEN_USER tokUser;
const int bufLength = 256;
IntPtr tu = Marshal.AllocHGlobal( bufLength );
int cb = bufLength;
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenUser, tu, cb, ref cb );
tokUser = (TOKEN_USER) Marshal.PtrToStructure(tu, typeof(TOKEN_USER) );
sb.Append(DumpAccountSid(tokUser.User.Sid));
Marshal.FreeHGlobal( tu );
return sb;
}

static string DumpAccountSid(IntPtr SID)
{
int cchAccount = 0;
int cchDomain = 0;
int snu = 0 ;
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

// Caller allocated buffer
StringBuilder Account= null;
StringBuilder Domain = null;
bool ret = LookupAccountSid(null, SID, Account, ref cchAccount, Domain, ref cchDomain, ref snu);
if ( ret == true )
if ( Marshal.GetLastWin32Error() == ERROR_NO_MORE_ITEMS )
return "Error";
try
{
Account = new StringBuilder( cchAccount );
Domain = new StringBuilder( cchDomain );
ret = LookupAccountSid(null, SID, Account, ref cchAccount, Domain, ref cchDomain, ref snu);
if (ret)
{
sb.Append(Domain);
sb.Append(@"\\");
sb.Append(Account);
}
else
Console.WriteLine("logon account (no name) ");
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
}
finally
{
}
string SidString = null;
ConvertSidToStringSid(SID, ref SidString);
sb.Append("\nSID: ");
sb.Append(SidString);
return sb.ToString();
}
}
// End of code sample

Willy.
Nov 15 '05 #5

Vincent Nguyen
P: n/a
Willy,

Thank you very much! The sample code is helped a lot! I really appriciate
your helps!

Vincent

"Willy Denoyette [MVP]" <willy.denoyette@skynet.be> wrote in message
news:uc1hPp$WDHA.2200@TK2MSFTNGP09.phx.gbl...
Vincent Nguyen wrote:
|| I don't know much about VB.NET. Do you have any C# sample code for
|| this? Thanks!
Is this of any help?

// Begin of code sample
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Security.Principal;
using System.Diagnostics;

// Forward declarations
using LUID = System.Int64;
using HANDLE = System.IntPtr;
class Tester {
public const int TOKEN_QUERY = 0X00000008;

const int ERROR_NO_MORE_ITEMS = 259;

enum TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS
{
TokenUser = 1,
TokenGroups,
TokenPrivileges,
TokenOwner,
TokenPrimaryGroup,
TokenDefaultDacl,
TokenSource,
TokenType,
TokenImpersonationLevel,
TokenStatistics,
TokenRestrictedSids,
TokenSessionId
}

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
struct TOKEN_USER
{
public _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES User;
}

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
{
public IntPtr Sid;
public int Attributes;
}
[DllImport("advapi32")]
static extern bool OpenProcessToken(
HANDLE ProcessHandle, // handle to process
int DesiredAccess, // desired access to process
ref IntPtr TokenHandle // handle to open access token
);

[DllImport("kernel32")]
static extern HANDLE GetCurrentProcess();

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool GetTokenInformation(
HANDLE hToken,
TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS tokenInfoClass,
IntPtr TokenInformation,
int tokeInfoLength,
ref int reqLength);

[DllImport("kernel32")]
static extern bool CloseHandle(HANDLE handle);

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool LookupAccountSid
(
[In,MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPTStr)] string lpSystemName, // name of local or remote computer IntPtr pSid, // security identifier
StringBuilder Account, // account name buffer
ref int cbName, // size of account name buffer
StringBuilder DomainName, // domain name
ref int cbDomainName, // size of domain name buffer
ref int peUse // SID type
// ref _SID_NAME_USE peUse // SID type
);

[DllImport("advapi32", CharSet=CharSet.Auto)]
static extern bool ConvertSidToStringSid(
IntPtr pSID,
[In,Out,MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPTStr)] ref string pStringSid);

public static void Main() {
string processName = Process.GetCurrentProcess().ProcessName;
Process[] myProcesses = Process.GetProcessesByName(processName);
if(myProcesses.Length == 0)
Console.WriteLine("Could not find notepad processes on remote machine"); foreach(Process myProcess in myProcesses)
{
Console.Write("Process Name : " + myProcess.ProcessName + " Process ID : " + myProcess.Id + " MachineName : " + myProcess.MachineName + "\n");
DumpUserInfo(myProcess.Handle);
}
}

static void DumpUserInfo(HANDLE pToken)
{
int Access = TOKEN_QUERY;
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.AppendFormat("\nToken dump performed on {0}\n\n", DateTime.Now);
HANDLE procToken = IntPtr.Zero;
if ( OpenProcessToken( pToken, Access, ref procToken ) )
{
sb.Append("Process Token:\n");
sb.Append(PerformDump(procToken));
CloseHandle(procToken);
}
Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
}
static StringBuilder PerformDump(HANDLE token)
{
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
TOKEN_USER tokUser;
const int bufLength = 256;
IntPtr tu = Marshal.AllocHGlobal( bufLength );
int cb = bufLength;
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenUser, tu, cb, ref cb ); tokUser = (TOKEN_USER) Marshal.PtrToStructure(tu, typeof(TOKEN_USER) );
sb.Append(DumpAccountSid(tokUser.User.Sid));
Marshal.FreeHGlobal( tu );
return sb;
}

static string DumpAccountSid(IntPtr SID)
{
int cchAccount = 0;
int cchDomain = 0;
int snu = 0 ;
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

// Caller allocated buffer
StringBuilder Account= null;
StringBuilder Domain = null;
bool ret = LookupAccountSid(null, SID, Account, ref cchAccount, Domain, ref cchDomain, ref snu); if ( ret == true )
if ( Marshal.GetLastWin32Error() == ERROR_NO_MORE_ITEMS )
return "Error";
try
{
Account = new StringBuilder( cchAccount );
Domain = new StringBuilder( cchDomain );
ret = LookupAccountSid(null, SID, Account, ref cchAccount, Domain, ref cchDomain, ref snu); if (ret)
{
sb.Append(Domain);
sb.Append(@"\\");
sb.Append(Account);
}
else
Console.WriteLine("logon account (no name) ");
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
}
finally
{
}
string SidString = null;
ConvertSidToStringSid(SID, ref SidString);
sb.Append("\nSID: ");
sb.Append(SidString);
return sb.ToString();
}
}
// End of code sample

Willy.

Nov 15 '05 #6

Mattias Sjögren
P: n/a
Vincent,
I don't know much about VB.NET. Do you have any C# sample code for this?


I don't, but try something like this (using most of the defs from
Willy's post):
int cb = 0;
// First call to get buffer size needed
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenGroups,
IntPtr.Zero, 0, ref cb );
IntPtr tg = Marshal.AllocHGlobal( cb );
// Second call to actually retrieve data
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenGroups, tg,
cb, ref cb );
// Read TOKEN_GROUPS.GroupCount
int groupCount = Marshal.ReadInt32( tg );
// Read each SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES from TOKEN_GROUPS.Groups
int pSaa = (int)tg + 4;
for ( int i = 0; i < groupCount; i++ ) {
_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES saa = (_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES)
Marshal.PtrToStructure((IntPtr)pSaa, typeof(_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES));
// do stuff with _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES here
pSaa += Marshal.SizeOf( typeof(_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES) );
}
....
Marshal.FreeHGlobal( tg );

Mattias

--
Mattias Sjögren [MVP] mattias @ mvps.org
http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
Please reply only to the newsgroup.
Nov 15 '05 #7

Vincent Nguyen
P: n/a
Mattias,

The sample code worked perfect! Thank you very much for your helps!

Vincent

"Mattias Sjögren" <mattias.dont.want.spam@mvps.org> wrote in message
news:ePMloqSXDHA.2352@TK2MSFTNGP12.phx.gbl...
Vincent,
I don't know much about VB.NET. Do you have any C# sample code for this?


I don't, but try something like this (using most of the defs from
Willy's post):
int cb = 0;
// First call to get buffer size needed
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenGroups,
IntPtr.Zero, 0, ref cb );
IntPtr tg = Marshal.AllocHGlobal( cb );
// Second call to actually retrieve data
GetTokenInformation( token, TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS.TokenGroups, tg,
cb, ref cb );
// Read TOKEN_GROUPS.GroupCount
int groupCount = Marshal.ReadInt32( tg );
// Read each SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES from TOKEN_GROUPS.Groups
int pSaa = (int)tg + 4;
for ( int i = 0; i < groupCount; i++ ) {
_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES saa = (_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES)
Marshal.PtrToStructure((IntPtr)pSaa, typeof(_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES));
// do stuff with _SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES here
pSaa += Marshal.SizeOf( typeof(_SID_AND_ATTRIBUTES) );
}
...
Marshal.FreeHGlobal( tg );

Mattias

--
Mattias Sjögren [MVP] mattias @ mvps.org
http://www.msjogren.net/dotnet/
Please reply only to the newsgroup.

Nov 15 '05 #8

This discussion thread is closed

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